decentralization and service delivery n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Decentralization and Service Delivery PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Decentralization and Service Delivery

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 26

Decentralization and Service Delivery - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 146 Views
  • Uploaded on

Decentralization and Service Delivery. Regina Birner Research Program Governance for Agricultural and Rural Development. Background. Decentralization worldwide Major policy trend Recent focus on democratic decentralization High hopes : Bringing government closer to the people!

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Decentralization and Service Delivery' - alice-goff


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
decentralization and service delivery

Decentralization and Service Delivery

Regina Birner

Research Program

Governance for Agricultural and Rural Development

background
Background
  • Decentralization worldwide
    • Major policy trend
      • Recent focus on democratic decentralization
    • High hopes: Bringing government closer to the people!
      • More voice and accountability
      • Better service delivery
        • Priorities, access, quality of service
    • Mixed empirical evidence worldwide
      • Decentralization does not necessarily reduce poverty.
        • Capacity and coordination problems at the local level
        • Problems of local elite capture
        • Decentralizing governance problems
challenges of decentralization
Challenges of decentralization

He participates,

she participates, you participate,

…. I decide.

decentralization in africa

Uganda is the second most decentralized country in Africa.

Decentralization in Africa

Extent of political, administrative and fiscal decentralization (Score from 0 to 4)

Ndegwa (2002), World Bank

strategic policy questions
Strategic Policy Questions
  • Questions identified in stakeholder consultations
    • How can decentralization be made more pro-poor?
    • How can service delivery be made more effective and efficient?
    • How can its access and utilization by the poor be improved?
  • Goals of the Presentation
    • Suggestions for research approach
    • Review some available evidence
    • Discuss research priorities
types of public services
Types of Public Services
  • Public Services for Pro-poor Growth and Empowerment
    • Education
    • Health
    • Water and Sanitation
    • Agriculture
    • Transport
    • Administrative Institutions/Courts (Governance)
  • Data Sources
    • National Services Delivery Surveys in 2004 and 2000
    • Community Surveillance 1996 (9 Districts)
research questions
Research Questions
  • Analyzing the empirical evidence
    • Access and quality
      • To which extent do the poor have access to public services – as compared to the non-poor?
      • What is the quality of the services to which the poor have access – as compared to the non-poor?
    • Efficiency
      • How efficient is the provision of services?
        • Resources spent in relation to outputs achieved
  • Which role does decentralization play for access, quality and efficiency of service delivery?
    • Explaining changes over time
    • Explaining variation across districts
factors influencing service provision

Measures to improve voice and accountability(e.g., participatory planning)

Other factors

Demand-side

Ability of the poor to demand and supervise services

Political decentralization

OutcomesPro-poor development,

Sustainability

Capacity of state agencies/other organizations to finance and provide services

Fiscal and administrative decentralization

Supply-side

Measures to improve capacity of service provision(e.g, training, competition)

Factors Influencing Service Provision

Provision of public services;

Implementation of projects

* Priorities,* outreach, * quality,* efficiency

insights from national service delivery survey 2004
Insights from National Service Delivery Survey (2004)
  • Role of different levels of government
  • Priorities
  • Access
  • Perceived quality
policy reform options
Policy reform options
  • Strategies to make decentralization more effective and more pro-poor
  • Example: Agricultural Extension Reform
    • National Agricultural Advisory Services (NAADS)
      • Key objectives
        • Empowering farmers, targeting the poor,
        • mainstreaming gender issues, and
        • deepening decentralization
      • Design
        • Farmers’ groups contract service providers (including NGOs)
        • District-level coordinates with sub-county and local community level to manage contracts
naads institutional reforms

Other factors

Ability of the poor to demand and supervise services

Political decentralization

OutcomesPro-poor development,

Sustainability

Capacity of state agencies/other organizations to finance and provide services

Fiscal and administrative decentralization

Supply side: Create incentives/competition among service providers

NAADS: Institutional reforms

Demand side: Involve farmers’ organizations in decision-making

Measures to improve voice and accountability(e.g., participatory planning)

Provision of public services;

Implementation of projects and programs* Priorities,* outreach, * quality,* efficiency

Measures to improve capacity of service provision(e.g, training, competition)

how effective is the reform of the agricultural extension system
How effective is the reform of the agricultural extension system?
  • Study on “Quantifying the Impact of the National Agricultural Advisory Services (NAADS) on Rural Livelihoods”
    • by Samuel Benin, Ephraim Nkonya, Gerosom Okecho, John Pender, Samuel Mugarura, Edward Kato
  • Objectives
    • To quantify the initial impacts of NAADS
      • in the districts and sub-counties where the program was operating by 2002/03
    • To provide a baseline for future impact evaluation studies
  • Methods
    • Survey of 116 farmer groups and 894 farmersin
    • 6 “trailblazing NAADS Districts” (introduced in 2001/02),4 “late NAADS Districts” (2002/03) and 4 “non-NAADs Districts”
naads was effective in reducing income losses
NAADS was effective in reducing income losses

Percent change in household income between 2000 and 2004

some policy implications derived from the naads study
Some Policy Implicationsderived from the NAADS study
  • Enterprise targeting
    • Need to identify farm enterprises that are profitable and can be adopted by a large number of farmers
      • Identifying constraints to adoption
        • Credit, input supplies, marketing
  • Promoting sustainable natural resource management
    • Adoption of improved seeds without soil fertility management may lead to nutrient mining.
  • Taking care of remote areas
    • NGOs – as an important service provider – less active in areas with low market access
proposed research issues summary
Proposed research issues - Summary
  • Analyzing existing data on service delivery with regard to
    • Access and quality by poor versus non-poor groups
    • Analyzing variation among districts and changes over time
    • Estimating efficiency in service provision
      • Linking service provision data with expenditure data
  • Evaluating the impact of policy strategies that aim at
    • increasing voice & accountability (demand-side)
    • improving capacity for service delivery (supply side)
    • Example: NAADS; Analysis of reforms in other sectors possible
  • Issues
    • Role of the public sector, private sector and civil society (NGOs, farmers’ associations) in service delivery
    • Costs and benefits of different reform options
    • Conditions that influence success of reforms
thank you

Thank you!

Looking forward to your suggestions and comments…

slide23

Framework for Analyzing Service Delivery

Fit

Example: Agricultural Extenion

Common framework for ISNAR/EPTD/DSGD

explaining performance
Explaining Performance
  • Compare Lynn et al.: Governance perspective on the public administration
  • P = f [G, M, A, E, C, F]
  • where
  • P = Performance
  • G = Governance structures (degree of decentralization, functional differentiation)
  • M = Organization and management (incentives, leadership style, organizational culture)
  • A = Advisory techniques used (e.g., individual or group extension)
  • E = General political environment (general support to agriculture)
  • C = General capacity of potential service providers (public, private, third sector; quality of information provided to extension system from research)
  • F = Characteristics of the farming systems and the clients (complexity of farming systems, education level of clients, collective action among clients)
analyzing fit of institutions with frame conditions

Contracting out to private sector, supervision by farmers‘ organization

Provision by state agency

Effect of low capacity of the agency

Higher costs of setting up collaborative systems

c2

c1

Analyzing “fit” of institutions with frame conditions

Total costsTransaction costs + other costs

Reduced transaction costs due to monitoring by recipients

0

  • Attributes of the transaction
  • Measurability
  • “Care intensity”

“Efficient Boundaries” of the State

slide26

B

A

F

Building state capacity

C

Expansion of functions

“Neo-patrimonial downward spiral”1960s-1980s

Addressing market failures

E

D

Structural adjustment 1980s/1990s

Strength versus Scope of the State

Strengthof state(Capacity)

Scope of the state(Range of functions)

Fukuyama, 2001