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  1. The Punic Wars Ancient Rome

  2. First Punic War • Began with a dispute over Sicily (Port of Messina) • Strengths at war: • Carthage was superior fighting at sea • Rome was superior fighting on land • Rome used grappling hooks to pull in ships and fight “on land” • Rome takes control of Sicily and is ready to attack Carthage

  3. First Punic War

  4. In Between the Wars • HamilcarBarca • Leader of Carthage troops (mercenaries) during the first Punic War • Held a grudge against both Carthage and Rome • Carthage because they didn’t pay his troops • Rome because they defeated him in war • Gathers another mercenary army and takes them to Spain (unbeknownst to Carthage)

  5. In Between Wars • Makes his son Hannibal promise never to be a friend to Rome • Hannibal attacks Saguntum Rome does nothing for their ally! • Rome sent a delegation to Carthage • The Carthaginian senate gave Rome a choice  war or peace • The leader of the Roman delegation declared war! • And so begins the unnecessary Second Punic War (Oh Rome, you war loving people..)

  6. Beginning of the Second Punic War

  7. Hannibal Invades Italy

  8. Hannibal Kicks Butt • Leads his army from Spain, through southern France and the Alps, and invades Italy from the north • Defeats Roman armies sent to stop him several times but hesitates to attack Rome itself • Sees Rome as too well fortified • Settles instead on war of attrition in hope of destroying Roman economic base HANNIBALAD PORTAS!!

  9. Scipio to the Rescue • Rome is unable to defeat Hannibal in Italy • So…patrician general Scipio AemiliusAfricanus sailed a Roman army across the Mediterranean, landed in North Africa, and headed for Carthage! • Hannibal forced to leave Italy to protect Carthage • Carthage is defeated at the Battle of Zama, fought outside the walls of Carthage

  10. Rome is Victorious! • Carthaginians gave up their land in Spain • Handed over their warships • Agreed to another loss to Rome • The terms were meant to cripple Carthage and never allow them to challenge Rome again

  11. Roman Territory at the end of the 2nd Punic war

  12. Here We Go Again… • 50 years of peace between Rome and Carthage • Carthage has regained prosperity but is no threat to Rome • Basically, Rome wanted Carthage gone off the face of the Earth • This hatred for Carthage was headed by Cato, a Roman senator • “Carthagodelendaest”

  13. Third Punic War • 146 BCE Rome burns Carthage • Sells the living population into slavery • Sowed the soil with salt so no crops could grow • Rome is now in total control of the Mediterranean

  14. End of the Punic Wars

  15. By the Death of Julius Caesar