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Vocabulary & Concept Cards: Cells, Cell Organelles, Photosynthesis, Biomes and Succession. Sci.6.10B, Sci.6.10C, Sci.7.12B, Sci.7.8B, Sci.7.12C and Sci.7.12D. Cell. The smallest unit of structure and function in an organism. . Organelle.

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vocabulary concept cards cells cell organelles photosynthesis biomes and succession
Vocabulary & Concept Cards: Cells, Cell Organelles, Photosynthesis, Biomes and Succession
  • Sci.6.10B, Sci.6.10C, Sci.7.12B, Sci.7.8B, Sci.7.12C and
  • Sci.7.12D
slide2
Cell
  • The smallest unit of structure and function in an organism.
organelle
Organelle
  • Any tiny structure located inside of a cell which performs a function.
nucleus
Nucleus
  • The control center of the cell. Contains chromosomes which have DNA.
mitochondria
Mitochondria
  • The powerhouse of the cell because it produces energy.
chloroplast
Chloroplast
  • An organelle located in plant and some bacterial cells only. The site of photosynthesis.
cytoplasm
Cytoplasm
  • Gel-like fluid located inside cells.
lysosome
Lysosome
  • Organelle inside of cell which contains chemicals that break down food and old cell parts.
cell wall
Cell Wall
  • Organelle located in plant and some bacterial cells only. Gives those cell their structure.
cell membrane
Cell Membrane
  • Organelle that controls what enters and leaves the cell. Also hold organelles in place.
vacuole
Vacuole
  • Organelle that stores things inside of cells.
golgi body
Golgi body
  • Organelle that receives, packages & distributes materials from the endoplasmic reticulum.
ribosomes
Ribosomes
  • Produces proteins inside of the cell.
endoplasmic reticulum
Endoplasmic reticulum
  • Carries material inside of the cell.
tissue
Tissue
  • A group of similar cells that perform a specific function in an organism.
organ
Organ
  • A structure in the body that is composed of different kinds of tissue
organ system
Organ System
  • A group of organs that work together to perform a major function in the body.
organism
Organism
  • A living thing
population
Population
  • All the members of one species living in a particular area
cell theory
Cell Theory
  • A widely accepted explanation of the relationship between cells and living things.
producer
Producer
  • An organism that can make its own food.
consumer
Consumer
  • An organism that obtains energy by feeding on other organisms.
decomposer
Decomposer
  • An organism that breaks down food form dead organisms and returns that energy into the soil and water.
carnivore
Carnivore
  • An animal that eats only other animals.
herbivore
Herbivore
  • An animal that eats only plants.
scavenger
Scavenger
  • A carnivore that feeds on the bodies of dead organisms.
food chain
Food Chain
  • A series of events in which one organism eats another and obtains energy.
food web
Food Web
  • Consists of many overlapping food chains in an ecosystems.
energy pyramid
Energy Pyramid
  • A diagram that shows the amount of energy that moves from one feeding level to another in a food web.
photosynthesis
Photosynthesis
  • The process through which some organisms obtain radiant energy and transform it into chemical energy.
primary succession
Primary Succession
  • The series of changes that occur in an area where no ecosystem previously existed.
secondary succession
Secondary Succession
  • The series of changes that occur after a disturbance in an existing ecosystem.
pioneer species
Pioneer Species
  • The first species to populate an area.
what two organelles do you find only in plant cells identify each of their functions
What two organelles do you find only in plant cells? Identify each of their functions.
  • The cell wall gives a plant cell structure. The chloroplast is the site of photosynthesis.
why is the vacuole in a plant cell larger than the vacuole in an animal cell
Why is the vacuole in a plant cell larger than the vacuole in an animal cell?
  • The vacuole in a plant cell is large because plant cells store more water for photosynthesis.
list the levels of organization in an organism starting from smallest to largest
List the levels of organization in an organism starting from smallest to largest.
  • Cell then tissue then organ then organ system then organism.
how does the structure of a nerve cell determine its function in the nervous system
How does the structure of a nerve cell determine its function in the nervous system?
  • The nerve cell is long, thin and branched (structure) this allows for messages to pass easily from cell to cell (function).
what organisms are always producers
What organisms are always producers?
  • Plants and some bacteria because they produce their own energy through photosynthesis.
why are primary and secondary consumers dependent on producers
Why are primary and secondary consumers dependent on producers?
  • Consumers are dependent upon the chemical energy and oxygen producers create during photosynthesis.
why are producers dependent on primary and secondary consumers
Why are producers dependent on primary and secondary consumers?
  • Producers are dependent on consumer because producers need the carbon dioxide given off by consumers for photosynthesis.
why are decomposers important to an ecosystem
Why are decomposers important to an ecosystem?
  • Decomposers break down wastes and dead organisms and release that energy back into the soil and water making soil more fertile.
what is being passed along from producer to consumer to decomposer in an ecosystem
What is being passed along from producer to consumer to decomposer in an ecosystem?
  • Chemical energy in the form of the sugar called glucose.
what is the chemical equation for photosynthesis
What is the chemical equation for photosynthesis?
  • 6 CO2 + 6H2O + radiant energy C6H12O6 + 6 O2
what are the characteristics of a tundra biome list some plants and animals you will find there
What are the characteristics of a Tundra biome? List some plants and animals you will find there.
  • The tundra is cold, dry, mostly treeless land biome that encircles the Arctic circle. Most soil is frozen year-round so the plants have shallow roots.
  • Lemmings, caribou, polar bears
  • grass, moss and small shrubs.
slide51
What are the characteristics of a Taiga biome? List some of the plants and animals you will find there.
  • Taiga has a cold, wet climate with short summers and long winters.
  • Wolves, bears, lynxes deer and moose
  • Evergreen trees
slide52
What are the characteristics of a Desert biome? List some of the plants and animals you will find there.
  • Deserts are dry environments that generally receive less than 25 cm of rain per year. Supports little to no plant life at all.
  • Lizards, snakes, spiders, scorpions, camels and jack rabbits
  • Cactus
slide53
What are the characteristics of a Grassland biome? List some of the plants and animals you will find there.
  • Grasslands are biomes in which the main types of plants are grasses. Very fertile soil but the climate is too dry to support a forest.
  • Bison, antelope, gophers, prairie dogs & rabbits
  • Grass
slide54
What are the characteristics of a Tropical rainforest biome? List some of the plants and animals you will find there.
  • Warm, wet biomes with large amount f biodiversity. Located close to equator.
  • Tropical birds, bats, monkeys and insects
  • Very large trees
what is the difference between primary succession and secondary succession
What is the difference between primary succession and secondary succession?
  • Primary succession allows a community to establish equilibrium in a place where there were no organisms previously.
  • Secondary succession allows a community to return to equilibrium in a place where organisms previously existed.
during primary succession why is it important for soil to be available
During primary succession-why is it important for soil to be available?
  • Lichen and moss weather rock during primary succession. As the lichen and moss die they add nutrient to the weathered rock which becomes soil. Soil helps to establish grasses during primary succession.
why are lichens and moss more likely to grow in places newly exposed to an environment
Why are lichens and moss more likely to grow in places newly exposed to an environment?
  • Lichen and moss make good pioneer species because they have small roots or no roots at all and can grow on rock which has been newly exposed to the environment. Therefore they do not require soil to grow because of this.