Classification Placing Examples Into Categories!
What is Classification? • The rhetorical mode of classification • takes what you learned about using examples in the example/illustration essay and • applies those examples more specifically to a thesis. • Review Tannen, pp 155-163 (“But What Do You Mean?”) and READ Ericsson, p. 164 (“The Ways We Lie”), for example of classification.
Example of Classification What’s wrong with this picture? • The classifications are of houses: brick, frame, ranch, and big. • Stucco also fits. Adobe also fits. • Big doesn’t fit. Big belongs to a different basis of classification—size rather than style.
OUR TOPIC Movers and Shapers in our lives
Who are YOUR MOVERS AND SHAPERS!!??
Writing Classification Step 1: • Name some “movers and shapers” who have influenced you in some way, large or small (from government, arts and entertainment, humanitarianism, business, your life). • Think carefully. • Write down as many as you can think of.
Writing Classification Step 2: Think about and answer for several of your choices: • What do they do to make a difference in the world? • Have any helped solve a problem in your life or our society? • What do they have in common? • How can you be like these “movers and shapers”? Where can you start?
Writing Classification Step 3: NOW--Make a table or create lists. Place your movers and shapers into these categories/classifications. Add to each category until you have at least two in each. • Problematic • Personal • Important / Influential • Professional • Famous
Professional Dr. K. Edwards Dr. M. McClellan Dr. D. Smith Influential Stanley Parkman Dr. Keith Moore Famous James Taylor Bono Problematic My cousin Melanie Diss. Committee Personal My husband Dr. Paul Phillips Important Jimmy Carter MLK Pope John Paul My Movers and Shapers
NOW, for the Essay!Using Classification and Examples • A Classification Essay is very structured. • It uses categories and examples of each category: EXAMPLE: Categories of Language Formal, Informal, Dialect, Slang • See Handouts for Basic Essay Format.
Organization of a Classification Essay I. Introduction • The introduction or lead-in to a classification essay will • identify the idea/thing being classified and • Indicate the significance, importance, relevance, or value of the scheme being applied.
THESIS • The thesis statement of a classification essay • May tell why the categories are important • May identify the classes into which the set is being classified. • Why are they M&S? • What did all of them do for you? • Love, influence, inspiration, support, etc?
Organization of a Classification Essay II. Body • The body identifies, in separate paragraphs, the various categories, with examples. • Topic sentences in classification essay body paragraphs should identify the class or group being considered and its relationship to the scheme for creating the classes (the WHY). • In classifying a set, more than one classification scheme may be possible, depending on why you are classifying the set and what can be gained from the classification scheme (its value); however, each essay should focus on one scheme for classifying the set.
Organization of a Classification Essay III. Conclusion • The conclusion restates the categories of the thesis and, as a significance—or answer to the question “so what?” implied in any composition, stresses the value of this classification system • Conclusions of classification essays re-emphasize the significance, importance, relevance, or value of the scheme used to classify the set. • The conclusion might emphasize the most important group.
Organization of a Classification Essay Things to Watch For: Classification • Think of classification as a way of placing in groups, categories, tables, or lists. • Once the classifications are under way, make sure they don’t overlap. Don’t put one person in two groups, in other words. • Don’t omit an important category –choose wisely. • Make sure that the groups remain logical.
Categories for your Mover and Shaper Classification Essay • Problematic • Personal • Important / Influential • Professional • Famous
INSTRUCTIONS • Read this Power Point on your own. • READ Ericsson, p. 164 (“The Ways We Lie”), for an example of classification. • Ask questions (throughout). • Finish the table for your Movers and Shapers. • Write a thesis statement…IT should tell readers WHY these people are movers and shapers in your life. • Outline the essay—Choose 3 categories to discuss. List 2-3 examples of each (M&S). • Write topic sentences for your outline. • Draft the essay. • Revise and edit according to directions and YOUR writing concerns. • Turn in your final essay with all work stapled to the back.
MIDTERM • SHOW WHAT YOU KNOW. • Please ask questions. • GOOD LUCK!