slide1
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Effects of Iron deficiency on Physical and Mental functions in Children.

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 25

Effects of Iron deficiency on Physical and Mental functions in Children. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 415 Views
  • Uploaded on

Effects of Iron deficiency on Physical and Mental functions in Children. Dr. S.P. Srivastava. Normal Child No Iron Deficiency. Functions of Iron. Formulation of hemoglobin Formulation of cytochrome myoglobin Binding O 2 to RBC and transport Regulation of Body temperature

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Effects of Iron deficiency on Physical and Mental functions in Children.' - albert


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1
Effects of Iron deficiency on

Physical and Mental functions in

Children.

Dr. S.P. Srivastava

slide4
Functions of Iron
  • Formulation of hemoglobin
  • Formulation of cytochrome myoglobin
  • Binding O2 to RBC and transport
  • Regulation of Body temperature
  • Muscle activity
  • Catacholamine metabolism
  • Immune system – T cell antibodies
  • Brain Dev & function
  • Depressed thyroid function
slide5
Iron Deficiency (6-24 months)
  • Difficulty with language
  • Poor Motor Co-ordination and balance
  • Poorer rating on attention
  • Poor Responsiveness
  • Poor Performance of motor
slide6
Physical Growth and performance
  • Weight gain, growth velocity
  • Further compounded associated with
  • infection anorexia
  • Poor work capacity
  • Endurance, work capability
  • Rapid gain of weight & endurance with
  • iron therapy.
slide7
Mental and psychomor dev
  • Poor attentiveness
  • Poor memory
  • Poor academic performance vocabulary,
  • reading, writing, arithmetic
  • Disruptive, irritable, restlessness
  • Poor performance in test
slide12
Concentration of Iron in Brain
  • Highest at birth
  • Decrease at weaning
  • Increase at onset of Myelination
  • Maximum at expression of Tf mRNA
slide13
Iron Concentration In Brain

100%

Myelination

75%

50%

Maximum

25%

Birth

2 Years

10 Years

Adult Human

slide14
Iron def, Infection, physical growth
  • T cell and antibodies diminishes
  • Cell mediated immunity defective
  • Killing bacteria capabilities poor
  • Capacity of leucocyte defense poor
slide15
Iron and Neurotransmitor
  • Dopaminergic system dev in early post natal life
  • Rapid increase in number and density of
  • DA transporter, receptor
  • Monoamine for axonal growth and synapse
  • formation
  • Neurotransmission
slide16
Iron and Neurotransmitters
  • Enzyme involve in N.T are – Tryptorhan
  • hydrolase (Serotonin)
  • Tyrosin Hydolase (Ne. and Da)
  • Cp factor for Ribonucleotide reductase
  • Electron Transfer for lipid metabolism
  • Brain Energy
slide18
Iron Deficiency & Cognitive Development

Birth to 2 years

- Sensorimotor

Period

  • 7 to 12 years
  • concrete
  • operations
  • 2 to 7 years
  • Preoperation
  • period
  • Above 12 years
  • Formal
  • operations
slide19
Behavioral and Emotion

65% Common

Behavioral

Midbrain Iron, DA

Transmitter & D1

Receptors

35% Anxity –

DA Transporter,

D2 Rece

Improve with Iron

slide20
Critical Period
  • Irriversible effect on nerve conduction in iron
  • deficiency
  • Timing of iron deficiency is of great importance
  • Lead to toddler developmental delay if iron def earlier
  • Sequence – Cell migration significant myelination
  • cellular differentiation increase expression of
  • neuropeptides
slide21
Study Scales
  • BS.ID – Bayley Scale of infant Dev
  • IBR – Infant behavior records
  • MDI – Mental dev index
  • PDI Psychomotor dev index
  • Wise – Wechsler intelligence scale of
  • childhood
slide22
Stages of Iron Deficiency
  • Decrease Iron Storage
  • Latent Deficiency serum feritin - <
  • 10mcg/L
  • Iron deficiency –0.80 to 1.8 mg/L
slide23
Iron Value per 100gm for Common Food

Food Iron (mg) Food Iron (mg)

Rice 6.4 Bengal G Leave 23.8

Rice Pufed 4.6 Coriander L 18.5

Wheat 11.5 Mustard L 16.5

Bengal gram 10.2 Spinach 10.9

Bengal G Dal 9.1 Ginger 10.5

Rajma 5.8 Muster Seed 17.9

Soyaneam 11.5 Date 7.3

Milk .1-.3 Fish Dried 20-25

Gagery 10.5 Fish Fresh 1-4

Apple 0.66 Egg 2.1

Banana 0.36 Mutton 2.5

Amranth 25.5 Honey 0.69

slide24
Conclusion

Iron deficiency is major public health problem

It is an essential nutrition not only for normal growth

health and Survival of children but also for their development

and congnitive Functioning iron deficiency anemia is associated with significantly poorer performance on Psychomotar and mental development scale and behavioral

rating is in infant and children.

Iron supplimentation improves mental development score modestly and improve physical capacity and endurance.0

slide25
Thanks

Dr. S.P. Srivastava

ad