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Apprenticeship & School to Career Presentation. Skilled Trades. Why are they important???. Where were you on. August 14, 2003. On that day, things just stopped working….for over 50 million people. Output of the Federal Government fell by 5.1%

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skilled trades

Skilled Trades

Why are they important???

where were you on

Where were you on

August 14, 2003

in 24 hours
Output of the Federal Government fell by 5.1%

Oil & Gas extraction was down – litre of gas rose by 6.3 cents in August

One in four people stayed home and could not work

Millions of dollars of spoiled food

Lost revenues in travel industry

Retail sector down

In 24 Hours…

Source: Hamilton Spectator - November 1, 2003

www mypowercareer com

Source: Hamilton Spectator, November 16, 2003

interesting facts
Interesting Facts
  • In 1991 - 17% of all 20 year old Ontario residents did not complete high school
  • In 1995 – 14% of all 24 year old Ontario residents did not complete high school
  • In 1995 - 107,323 students graduated from high school (Includes day, night, correspondence Adult Ed.)
  • By 1998, only 55,302 graduated from an Ontario University (includes Bachelor’s degree,undergrad diploma, and other undergrad qualifications)
  • Typically 4 in 10 Ontario students who begin high school graduate from university or college

Source: Statistics Canada & Human Resource Development Canada, 2000

why become a skilled trades person
Why become a Skilled Trades Person?
  • Current shortage of skilled labour is an obstacle to a country’s economic growth
  • A lack of qualified skilled people reduce the ability of businesses to effectively produce high – value goods
  • In the long run, these businesses will find it difficult to compete in a global market and eventually fail
the current cost of post secondary education
The current cost of Post Secondary Education
  • University cost approximately $10,000 per year in debt
  • College cost approximately $5,000

per year in debt

  • Apprentices have 90% of their tuition paid by the government
  • Apprentices earn wages while they are completing their education, training and Certification
some facts
Some Facts…..
  • 40 % of new jobs in the next 20 years

will be in trades and technologies

  • The average age of the trades people is 45-50 years old
  • 50% of current trades people are set to retire in the next 7 – 10 years
  • It is estimated that 50,000 unfilled high skilled jobs will exist by 2010
  • By 2007, in Ontario alone, there will be a shortage of about 15,000 machinists, tool and die, mould makers, millwrights, and industrial electricians

Source: Hamilton Spectator April 8, 2001 & Information Technology Association of Canada





15-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64

Source: Statistics Canada

the shortage of skilled workers means blue collar jobs are now gold collar jobs
“The shortage of skilled workers means blue-collar jobs are now

gold-collar jobs”

Source: Hamilton Spectator – November 26, 2002

general carpenter apprenticeship training local 27
General Carpenter Apprenticeship TrainingLocal 27
  • Note:
  • Wage rates per May 2003 ICI
  • collective agreement
  • Base wage rates only; do not include 10% vacation pay or benefits
other benefits
Other Benefits….
  • Trades people not only receive excellent pay but also:
  • Get a great deal of satisfaction from their work
  • Opportunity for advancement to management-level positions
  • Excellent benefits
  • Can be very successful with their own company – entrepreneurship opportunities
women should consider the skilled trades too

Women should consider the Skilled Trades too!

There is no reason why women should not pursue these high paying rewarding careers.

More women are entering the skilled Trades through apprenticeship each year.

Many women out perform men in many skilled trades – ie. tool and die, welding, and electrical.

women into skilled trades wist
Women into Skilled Trades - WIST
  • The program is intended to provide women with the opportunity to work in growth industries in the manufacturing sector where skills shortages exist. These programs are offered at Mohawk College.
  • Course content will be as follows:
  • Employability Skills - 8 weeks
  • Pre-Apprenticeship - 14 weeks
  • General Machining- 8 weeksTraining in this stream will correspond to the basic level, common core apprenticeship curriculum for the following trades:
  • Tool and Die Maker, Mould Maker , General Machinist
  • Electrician - 8 weeksTraining in this stream will correspond to the basic level, common core apprenticeship curriculum for the following trades:
  • Industrial Electrician
  • Construction and Maintenance Electrician
ontario women s directorate owd
Ontario Women’s DirectorateOWD

Women represent:

  • Only 1.6% of workers in the automotive industry
  • Only 4 per cent of apprentices in non-traditional occupations
  • The automotive parts manufacturing sector, anticipates a shortage of between 10,000 to 14,000 skilled workers in the next five to 10 years. The Automotive Parts Manufacturers' Association is partnering with the OWD to recruit women for this sector
  • Construction/Industrial electricians at Ford earn $48.00/hr + 10% vacation pay + benefits & pension


  • Apprentice – A person who studies and trains under the supervision of a qualified individual in order to develop specific skills
  • Journey Person – A person who supervises and trains an apprentice
  • Apprenticeship – A period of time (usually 2-5 years) where an apprentices studies and trains in order to become qualified in a specific career
  • “Ticket” – Certification and qualification of training


and the Law

apprenticeship laws
Apprenticeship Laws
  • In 1998 a new law governing apprenticeship in Ontario was passed. A.C.A.
  • This new law covers all apprenticeships in the Motive Power, Industrial & Service sectors
  • The Construction Trades still remain under the old law. TQAA
  • ACA = Apprenticeship Certification Act
  • TQAA = Trade Qualification & Apprenticeship Act
apprenticeship laws26
Apprenticeship Laws
  • Under this new law high school graduation is the minimum requirement for apprenticeship
  • According to the old law Construction Trades do not require high school graduation
  • However even in the Construction Trades most employers expect and only hire high school graduates
post secondary apprenticeship
Post SecondaryApprenticeship
  • Therefore Apprenticeship can now be considered post secondary education
  • Apprenticeship Training is overseen by the Ministry of Training, Colleges and Universities
  • This Ministry sets the Curriculum Standards for the in school portion & the (Training Standards) for the on-the-job training portion of the program
  • Apprenticeship is post secondary education with a difference
post secondary apprenticeship28
Post Secondary Apprenticeship
  • In Apprenticeships you earn while you learn
  • 80% of the learning takes place on the job
  • As outlined in the Training Standards
  • While you are being paid

In a post-secondary education Apprenticeship Program

  • 20 % of the learning will take place in apprenticeship courses as outlined in the Curriculum Standards
  • These apprenticeship courses are traditionally taught at a local Community College
  • The government pays 90% of your tuition - you pay $400
the exception to the apprenticeship law
The Exception to the Apprenticeship Law
  • Although High School Graduation is required for most Apprenticeships
  • The Ontario Government has made one exception to this rule
  • Students taking part in a special program may start their apprenticeship while still in high school
  • This allows students to make a smooth transition into their Post Secondary Apprenticeship programs
this special program is called

This special program is called...


Ontario Youth Apprenticeship Program

why take coop in high school
Why take COOP in high school?
  • Helps you decide if you would like to work in a selected career – real job experience
  • Earn up to 4 senior credits
  • Some COOP placements are paid up to $60 per day – Canadian Armed Forces – Militia
  • More and more colleges and universities are requesting COOP experience for programs
  • Establish references – networking, resume
  • Many COOP jobs can turn in to summer, part or full time placements
  • There is no rush to leave high school in 4 years – take your time to consider all options
concentrated o y a p
Concentrated O.Y.A.P.
  • Concentrated OYAP allows students earn “Advanced Standing” in their Apprenticeship
  • In Concentrated OYAP students can take the first apprenticeship course (usually taught at a local Community college) while they are still in high school
  • Concentrated OYAP allows students to earn both high school and apprenticeship credits at the same time
how do i get started
How do I get started??
  • Take technological studies courses that interest you while in high school
  • Take grade 11 and 12 English, math, and some science courses – such as physics, or chemistry
  • Complete your O.S.S.D. and take COOP if possible in your senior years (gr. 11 or 12)
  • Try to find relevant part time or summer time work experiences – talk to people in the trades
  • Talk to your Guidance counsellor in Student Services
  • Read the news paper, try to study job trends – get informed
concentrated o y a p37
Concentrated O.Y.A.P.
  • Concentrated OYAP is recommended when available
  • For similar courses offered at community colleges or private vocational schools the cost may range from $2,500 to $7,000
  • In Halton students may take these courses while they are in high school for a small fee ($250) saving both time and money
  • And at the same time begin your apprenticeship sooner
o y a p in halton
O.Y.A.P. in Halton

If you would like more information about

Apprenticeships please visit

Your School to Career contact

In Student Services



check out these web sites
Check out these Web Sites