C H A P T E R 9 Career Planning and Development 9-1 Career Opportunities 9-2 Planning Your Career 9-3 Applying for Employment 9-4 Securing a Job
9-1 Career Opportunities Goal 1 Describe the steps in the career planning process. Goal 2 Identify the main sources of career information. Goal 3 Discuss career fields with the most growth potential.
KEY TERMS • career • informational interview • mobility
CAREER PLANNING • Studying careers • Assessing yourself • Making decisions
YOUR STUDY OF CAREERS • Continues process • Tentative career decision • Course selection
CAREER TRAINING • High school • Beyond high school • Two-year schools • Four-year colleges and universities • Private business schools and other institutions • Investment in future
THE CAREER PLANNING PROCESS • Step 1: Personal Assessment • Determine interests and values • Identify talents and abilities • Step 2: Employment Market Analysis • Geographic influences • Business and economic trends (continued on the next slide)
THE CAREER PLANNING PROCESS • Step 3: Application Process • Application form • Resume and cover letter • Step 4: Interview Process • Prepare for interview • Follow-up activities (continued on the next slide)
THE CAREER PLANNING PROCESS • Step 5: Employment Acceptance • Salary and financial factors • Organizational environment • Step 6: Career Development and Advancement • Practice career success behaviors • Develop strong work relationships
Checkpoint • List the steps in the career planning process. • personal assessment • employment market analysis • application process • interview process • employment acceptance • career development and advancement
CAREER INFORMATION SOURCES • Print and media sources • Online sources • Informational interviews • Business contacts
SAMPLE QUESTIONS FOR AN INFORMATIONAL INTERVIEW • How did you get your current job? • In what ways do you find your work most satisfying? What are your main frustrations? • What tasks and activities are required in your work? • What are the most important qualifications for working in this field? • What advice would you give a young person who is thinking about this type of work?
Checkpoint • What are the main sources of career information? • Print, media, and online sources, informational interviews, and business contacts are the main sources of career information.
GROWTH CAREER AREAS • Geographic influences • Economic and industry trends
Checkpoint • What factors affect the career areas that will be in demand in the future? • Future employment opportunities are influenced by geography and economic trends. • Consumer demand, changing demographics, and new technology all affect employment trends.
9-2 Planning Your Career Goal 1 Describe factors of a personal assessment for career planning. Goal 2 Discuss methods for obtaining career experience. Goal 3 Identify information sources for available jobs.
KEY TERMS • values • talent • ability
PERSONAL ASSESSMENT • Interests • Values • Talents and abilities
Checkpoint • What is the difference between an interest and a talent? • One might have several areas of interest; talents, however, are inborn abilities that can assist in narrowing career interests.
EMPLOYMENT EXPERIENCE • Work-study programs • Part-time employment • Volunteer activities • School activities
Checkpoint • What are methods for obtaining employment experience? • Work-study programs, part-time employment, volunteering, and school activities are each ways of gaining work experience.
SOURCES OF AVAILABLE JOBS • The media • Personal contacts • Business contacts • Career fairs • Government employment offices
Checkpoint • What are the main sources of information about available jobs? • Business and personal contacts are the main sources of employment information. • Others include newspapers and other publications, career fairs, employment agencies, and online sources.
9-3 Applying for Employment Goal 1 Prepare an application form and a resume. Goal 2 Identify the parts of an application cover letter. Goal 3 Discuss the online application process.
KEY TERMS • application form • resume • career portfolio • cover letter
APPLICATION ACTIVITIES • Personal data sheet • Application form • Resume • Career portfolio
APPLICATION FORM • Your first job task • Follow instructions • Paper forms • Online applications
RESUME • Personal information • Career objective • Education • Experience • Career-related honors and other activities
CAREER PORTFOLIO • Resume, cover letter, and answers to sample interview questions • Sample reports, presentation materials, and research findings from school projects • Website designs, creative works from school activities or previous employment such as ads, packages, and promotions • News articles of community activities or other experiences in which you have participated • Letters of recommendation
Checkpoint • What are the main sections of a resume? • The typical resume includes personal information, career objective, education, experience, career-related honors, and other activities.
APPLICATION COVER LETTER • Introduction • Development • Conclusion • Targeted letter
Checkpoint • What is the purpose of a cover letter? • The cover letter is used to express interest in a company and to invite interest in your resume. • Its ultimate goal is to solicit an interview.
ONLINE APPLICATION PROCESS • Online applications • Cyber interviewing
Checkpoint • How is the Internet used in the job application process? • Job seekers may learn job seeking skills, post resumes, learn more about a company, and apply for jobs online. • Employers may post positions, review resumes, and perform screening interviews online.
9-4 Securing a Job Goal 1 Describe activities involved in the interview process. Goal 2 Compare factors to consider when accepting a job offer. Goal 3 Identify attitudes and actions for success on the job.
KEY TERMS • employment interview • mentor • exit interview
THE INTERVIEW PROCESS • Before the interview • During the interview • After the interview
BEFORE YOU INTERVIEW • Plan your questions • Things to remember • Be on time for the appointment • Go alone to the interview • Dress properly
DURING THE INTERVIEW • Answer each question completely • Avoid talking too much • Make good eye contact • Stay calm • Thank the interviewer
COMMON INTERVIEW QUESTIONS ABOUT EDUCATION AND TRAINING • What qualifies you for this job? • Why are you interested in this company? • What activities have helped you to expand your interests and knowledge?
COMMON INTERVIEW QUESTIONS ABOUT WORK AND EXPERIENCE • In what situations have you done your best work? • Describe the supervisors who motivated you most. • Which of your past accomplishments are you most proud of? • Describe people with whom you have found it difficult to work.
COMMON INTERVIEW QUESTIONS RELATED TO PERSONAL QUALITIES • What are your major strengths and weaknesses? • What have you done to overcome your weaknesses? • What do you plan to be doing five or ten years from now? • Which individuals have had the greatest influence on you?
AFTER THE INTERVIEW • Send a follow-up letter • Evaluate your interview performance • Be patient
Checkpoint • What actions should be taken when preparing for an employment interview? • An applicant should gather information about the organization, prepare questions, prepare answers to anticipated questions, arrive on time, and dress appropriately.
JOB OFFERS • Salary and financial factors • Organizational environment
Checkpoint • What factors should a person consider when accepting a job? • In addition to salary, one should consider what types of benefits are offered, what kind of work environment is involved, and what opportunities for training and advancement exist.
ON-THE-JOB BEHAVIOR • Positive attitude • Positive image
JOB SUCCESS STRATEGIES • Ask questions • Avoid complaining • Honor the time for breaks • Consider your appearance • Be on time • Be friendly with everyone • Show you are dependable • Follow the rules
LEAVING A JOB • Give notice • Letter • Date • Complete current projects • Participate in exit interview • Thank co-workers