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Do Now. Is it more important to venture to new lands for trade or conquest?. Life in the Greek City-States. Polis The central focus of Greek life. Acropolis Fortified area on a hill was main meeting area. Religious area and place of refuge during attacks. Agora

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do now
Do Now
  • Is it more important to venture to new lands for trade or conquest?
life in the greek city states
Life in the Greek City-States
  • Polis
    • The central focus of Greek life.
  • Acropolis
    • Fortified area on a hill was main meeting area.
    • Religious area and place of refuge during attacks.
  • Agora
    • Open area below the acropolis where people meet and sold goods.
aristotle
Aristotle
  • “A citizen did not belong just to himself or herself: we must rather regard every citizen as belonging to the state.”
  • What is the ramification of this quote?
greek military
Greek Military
  • Hoplites
    • Heavily armed infantry soldiers.
  • Phalanx
    • Hoplites fought as a unit shoulder to shoulder forming a Phalanx
greek government
Greek Government
  • Democracy
    • Government by the people or rule of the many.
  • Oligarchy
    • Rule by the few
this is sparta
“This is Sparta!”
  • Military state
    • Captured foreigners were “helots” and became serfs.
  • Ephors
    • Group of 5 men elected annually to educate the youth and the conduct of all citizens.
athens
Athens
  • Economic problems led to civil unrest.
  • Solon takes over and cancels all land debts.
  • Cleisthenes
    • Created a council of 500 to oversee the gov’t.
    • Foundation of Athenian Democracy.
greece unites against the persians
Greece unites against the Persians
  • Persian ruler Darius seeks revenge for uprisings.
  • Darius defeated decisively at Marathon.
  • Xerxes vows revenge, again, and creates massive army to invade Greece.
  • Thermopylae
    • 300 Spartans (7K Greeks)
    • Major sea battles also