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The Seven Deadly Sins of Plagiarism

The Seven Deadly Sins of Plagiarism

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The Seven Deadly Sins of Plagiarism

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  1. The Seven Deadly Sins of Plagiarism Working Honestly at Dickinson College

  2. Why are we doing this? • To help you succeed in doing college level research and writing • To introduce guidelines for citing sources properly • To present Dickinson’s policy on plagiarism • To provide sources for help 2

  3. 0 of 5 Answer Now What is plagiarism? • Using unauthorized notes during exams. • Collaborating on an assignment when you’ve been instructed to work independently. • Presenting someone else’s work as your own. • Copying someone’s answers during a test. 3

  4. 0 of 5 At some point in my academic career, I have committed an act of plagiarism. • Yes, I totally have! • No, I’m always honest. 4

  5. What you should do… • Always give credit to others’ work & ideas. • Acknowledge your source even if only quoted briefly in your paper. • Follow proper rules for citing. 5

  6. 0 of 5 If I didn’t plagiarize on purpose, I won’t be found responsible. • True • False DEADLY SIN #1: Failure to give proper credit 6

  7. Doris Kearns GoodwinPlagiarizing toward a Pulitzer • Doris Kearns Goodwin: Harvard graduate, history professor, prolific author, Pulitzer Prize winner. • Her book TheFitzgeralds and the Kennedys (1987) was found to contain up to 100 pages of material copied from another book. • Her defense was “the copying was accidental” (i.e., she didn’t do it on purpose). 7

  8. Doris Kearns GoodwinConsequences of Her Actions • A lawsuit was filed and resulted in an undisclosed payment and substantial revisions to Goodwin’s book. • Resigned from the Pulitzer board. • Lost speaking engagements. • In interviews fifteen years later, she was still defending her actions. 8

  9. 0 of 5 Information copied from the Internet must be cited. • True • False DEADLY SIN #2: Copying material from the internet without citing it 9

  10. Example: Giving Proper Credit According to the U.S. Bureau of Transportation’s website, airline passengers in 2003 attempted to bring more than six million illegal weapons of various types onto passenger flights.6 Even though new regulations went into effect after the events of September 11, 2001… Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics http://www.bts.gov Table 2-16b: Prohibited Items Intercepted at Airport Screening Checkpoints 10

  11. The following examples are taken from this article: Meyer, J. M. 2006. “Another Inconvenient Truth.” Dissent 53 (4): 95-96. 11

  12. Ironically, by being in the wonkiest context imaginable, he comes across as passionate, sincere, and likable. Plagiarism or not? Original Student’s Use of Information Gore’s presentation on a stage before an academic audience is the wonkiest context imaginable. 12

  13. 0 of 5 Plagiarism or not? • Plagiarism • Not plagiarism DEADLY SIN #3: Failure to cite even a few words of borrowed language 13

  14. How do we fix this? Original Ironically, by being in the wonkiest context imaginable, he comes across as passionate, sincere, and likable. Student’s Use of Information Gore’s presentation on a stage before an academic audience is in the wonkiest context imaginable. 14

  15. Ironically, by being in the wonkiest context imaginable, he comes across as passionate, sincere, and likable. How do we fix this? Original Student’s Use of Information Gore’s presentation on a stage before an academic audience is in the “wonkiest context imaginable”(Meyer 2006, 95). 15

  16. Plagiarism or not? Original His clear graphs and often captivating images can propel viewers to the conclusion that climate change is a present and fast-paced reality, rather than a far-off and slowly evolving possibility. Student’s Use of Information Gore’s visuals help people realize “that climate change is a present and fast-paced reality, rather than a far-off and slowly evolving possibility.” 16

  17. 0 of 5 Plagiarism or not? • Plagiarism • Not plagiarism DEADLY SIN #4: Failure to cite an exact quote 17

  18. How do we fix this? Original His clear graphs and often captivating images can propel viewers to the conclusion that climate change is a present and fast-paced reality, rather than a far-off and slowly evolving possibility. Gore’s visuals help people realize “that climate change is a present and fast-paced reality, rather than a far-off and slowly evolving possibility.” Student’s Use of Information 18

  19. How do we fix this? Original His clear graphs and often captivating images can propel viewers to the conclusion that climate change is a present and fast-paced reality, rather than a far-off and slowly evolving possibility. Gore’s visuals help people realize “that climate change is a present and fast-paced reality, rather than a far-off and slowly evolving possibility” (Meyer 2006, 95). Student’s Use of Information 19

  20. Plagiarism or not? Original Environmentalists often diagnose public opinion as a key obstacle to effective action on concerns including climate change. Student’s Use of Information Public opinion is often blamed by environmentalists as a major roadblock to effective action on issues such as global warming. 20

  21. 0 of 5 Plagiarism or not? • Plagiarism • Not plagiarism DEADLY SIN #5: Failure to cite paraphrased ideas 21

  22. How do we fix this? Original Environmentalists often diagnose public opinion as a key obstacle to effective action on concerns including climate change. Public opinion is often blamed by environmentalists as a major roadblock to effective action on issues such as global warming. Student’s Use of Information 22

  23. How do we fix this? Original Environmentalists often diagnose public opinion as a key obstacle to effective action on concerns including climate change. Student’s Use of Information Public opinion is often blamed by environmentalists as a major roadblock to effective action on issues such as global warming (Meyer 2006, 95). 23

  24. Plagiarism or not? Original Gore also delivers his message well. He simplifies the science without oversimplifying. Gore’s effective presentation is balanced and well designed for the general public. “He simplifies the science without oversimplifying” (Meyer 2006, 95). Student’s Use of Information 24

  25. 0 of 5 Plagiarism or not? • Plagiarism • Not plagiarism Correct! This student accurately cited the source! 25

  26. Plagiarism or not? Original Gore also delivers his message well. He simplifies the science without oversimplifying. Gore’s effective presentation is balanced and well designed for the general public. “He simplifies the science without oversimplifying” (Meyer 2006, 95). Student’s Use of Information 26

  27. Meyer, J. M. 2006. “Another Inconvenient Truth.” Dissent 53 (4): 95-96. Original Gore also delivers his message well. He simplifies the science without oversimplifying. Student’s Use of Information Gore’s effective presentation is balanced and well designed for the general public. “He simplifies the science without oversimplifying” (Gore, 2006, p. 95). 27

  28. 0 of 5 Plagiarism or not? • Plagiarism • Not plagiarism HOWEVER… DEADLY SIN # 6: Failure to provide an accurate citation 28

  29. Meyer, J. M. 2006. “Another Inconvenient Truth.” Dissent 53 (4): 95-96. How do we fix this? Gore also delivers his message well. He simplifies the science without oversimplifying. Original Student’s Use of Information Gore’s effective presentation is balanced and well designed for the general public. “He simplifies the science without oversimplifying” ( 2006, 95). Gore, Meyer, 29

  30. 0 of 5 At some point in my academic career, I have committed an act of plagiarism. • Yes, I totally have! • No, I’m always honest. 30

  31. 0 of 5 There’s no way for my professor to tell if I’ve copied a few words here and there. • True • False 31

  32. How can they tell? • Eve 2 • Google • Ask students about questionable passages • “We just know.” 32

  33. How They Can Tell One of the main arguments of history is whether it can really be viewed objectively. Usually, the “winners” record history and it is often hard to tell what is truth and what is exaggerated. The endless antagonism between objectivism and subjectivism has hampered the enlarging horizon of history and has threatened the modernist objectivist paradigm. From the Southern point of view, modern history books… Student’s Use of Information 33

  34. How They Can Tell …postmodernists tried to overcome the modernist objectivist paradigm. The main purpose of this article is to investigate the pros and cons of "modernistic" history by examining its history from the perspective of the antagonism between objectivism and subjectivism…modernism turned out to be the shackle by which the enlarging horizon of history was hampered. Original 34

  35. 0 of 5 If I get caught plagiarizing, I can be suspended or expelled from Dickinson College. • True • False DEADLY SIN #7: Thinking you can get away with it 35

  36. 13 students found responsible 7 male, 6 female All class years 3 Fs or 0s on assignment 9 “F”s for the course 5 stayed suspensions 4 outright suspensions Plagiarism Cases at Dickinson College 2005 - 2006 • 10 Fs or 0s on assignment • 4 “F”s for the course • 11 stayed suspensions • 7 various other consequences • 15 students found responsible • 8 male, 7 female • All class years, 4 FYs 2006 - 2007 Students found responsible for cheating or plagiarism are ineligible for academic honors. 36

  37. The Seven Academic Integrity Commandments • Thou shalt not presenteth another’s research as thine own. • Giveth proper credit to Internet sites. • Useth quotation marks when borrowing even thy neighbor’s brief phrase. • Includeth footnotes or in-text notes whenever quoting. • Citeth thou also paraphrased ideas. • Verily thou shalt recordeth thoroughly and accurately all sources consulted. • Do not thinketh thyself immune to being smote with the consequences of plagiarism. 37

  38. Where can I get further help? • Consult a librarian • Review the library’s website • Read A Writer's Reference by Diana Hacker • Visit the Writing Center • Read the College policy • Read your syllabi • Talk to your professor 38

  39. 0 of 5 90 Example 1: Plagiarism or Not Plagiarism? • Plagiarism • Not Plagiarism 39

  40. 0 of 5 90 Example 2: Plagiarism or Not Plagiarism? • Plagiarism • Not Plagiarism 40

  41. 0 of 5 90 Example 3: Plagiarism or Not Plagiarism? • Plagiarism • Not Plagiarism 41

  42. 0 of 5 90 Example 4: Plagiarism or Not Plagiarism? • Plagiarism • Not Plagiarism 42

  43. 0 of 5 90 Example 5: Acceptable or Not Acceptable? • Acceptable • Not Acceptable 43