1 2 the roman republic and empire
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1.2 The Roman Republic and Empire

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1.2 The Roman Republic and Empire. I. Establishing a Republic. A. A New Government. The Romans drove out the Eturscans and established a Republic Republic- people choose officials, “thing of the people” Consuls-elected officials who supervise business of government

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a a new government
A. A New Government
  • The Romans drove out the Eturscans and established a Republic
  • Republic- people choose officials, “thing of the people”
  • Consuls-elected officials who supervise business of government
  • Dictator-ruler who has complete control over the government
b common people demand equality
B. Common People Demand Equality
  • Common people- “plebeians”
  • Gained right to elect tribunes
  • Tribunes-officials elected by the plebeians, have veto power
  • Veto-power to block laws
a continuing conquest
A. Continuing Conquest
  • Rome conquered an Empire that stretched around the Mediterranean Sea, including Carthage
  • Carthage- a city-state on the north coast of Africa that ruled a large empire
  • Rome prospered through this conquest
b julius ceaser augustus ceaser
B. Julius Ceaser/Augustus Ceaser
  • Julius Ceaser- a military commander who forced the Senate to make him a dictator
  • Augustus Ceaser-absolute power Emperor, created a well trained civil service, opened jobs to all men of talent
  • PaxRomana- “Roman Peace” under Augustus= good times for Rome
a laws and justinian s code
A. Laws and Justinian’s Code
  • Law of Twelve Tables- written laws displayed in the common area
  • Rome had a set of laws for Roman Citizens only called Civil Law and a set of laws for everyone including conquered territories, this was called the Law of Nations
  • Common principles- innocent till proven guilty, ect. From Rome
  • Justinian’s Code-Emperor Justinian reformed the Roman Law code
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