Roman Republic to Empire - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Roman Republic to Empire

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  1. Roman Republic to Empire Republic: 509-27 B.C. Empire: 27 B.C.-476 A.D.

  2. The end of the Roman Republic • Julius Caesar is assassinated March 15, 44 B.C. • Fighting breaks out between Mark Antony and Octavian • By 27 B.C. Octavian has won

  3. Beginning of the Empire • Octavian changes his name to Augustus and becomes the first emperor. • Emperors claim divine right to rule. • Emperors claims absolute power.

  4. Bad Emperors • Who? • Caligula • Nero • Domitian • Why Bad? • Mentally disturbed • Persecution • Assassination is common • Bread and circuses used to control the masses

  5. Good Emperors • Who? • Nerva • Trajan • Hadrian • Antonius Pius • Marcus Aurelius • Why Good? • Empire grows in size and wealth • Period of prosperity • Government is stable

  6. Rise of Christianity • Why? • Message appealed to the poor • Promise of heaven/salvation • Miracles • Universality/equality among believers • Personal relationship with a loving God.

  7. Rise of Christianity • How Spread? • Slowly but steadily (picks up after 75 AD) • Trade routes • Through apostles/disciples • Missionaries • Pax Romana

  8. Rise of Christianity • Where? • Begins in populated cities. • Spreads to boundaries of the empire. • North: Britain/Ireland • South: Egypt • East: Armenia/Mesopotamia • West: Spain

  9. Rise of Christianity • Results? • Jewish Rebellion in 66 A.D.  Romans destroyed the temple complex and started the Diaspora. • Persecution: • Why? • Refused to worship the emperor. • Refused to worship Roman gods. • Used as scape goats.

  10. Official Acceptance and Toleration • Constantine converts to Christianity in 312. • Edict of Milan (313) is issued by Constantine to give Christians the right to worship freely. • Nicene Creed (325) is written to define the basic beliefs of the church. • Theodosius makes Christianity the official religion in 380.

  11. Catholic Church • Original Christian church • Organization: • Pope • Cardinals • Bishops • Priests