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HEALTH. Coach Matthews goals for Health. Stretch your mind (to inform and to instruct) Tan your hide (correct you) Warm your heart (inspire you) Provoke the will (do what is right). Who is in charge of you?. You Are!.

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coach matthews goals for health
Coach Matthews goals for Health
  • Stretch your mind

(to inform and to instruct)

  • Tan your hide

(correct you)

  • Warm your heart

(inspire you)

  • Provoke the will

(do what is right)

slide5

If you know where you are going, and you know why you are going there and to whom you can trust; than you need have no fear.

slide6

PART 1:

STRESS

what is stress
What is Stress?

Physical, emotional and mental responses to any stimulus that allows us to defend ourselves.

key terms
Key Terms~
  • Stressor – Any stimulus which produces stress
  • Distress– Stress responses result in damage to the person’s well-being often resulting in loss of self-esteem and physical problems
  • Eustress – Stress responses result in improved level of self-esteem and sense of an inner locus of control. The stressors are usually desirable
3 stages of stress
3 Stages of Stress
  • Alarm – The body perceives stressor as an attack and prepares itself. An internal alarm signals triggering this response automatically.
  • Resistance – Body functions above original level of that individual’s ability due to an adrenalin rush. It is when your body works against stress
  • Exhaustion – Occurs when an individual does not respond to the body’s signals and consequently makes the wrong choice of those offered in resistance
how do i cope with stress
How do I cope with Stress?

The Three A’s:

ALTER IT – Problem solving

AVOID IT – Say “no” and walk away

ACCEPT IT – Change your perception of the situation

Other ways to cope – Express pain and fear, ask for support, show you are caring, express anger, proper sleep, proper diet, proper exercise

barriers to coping
Barriers to Coping

Chronic pessimism, holding onto past dreams and refusal to let go, belief in conflicting values, unrealistic expectations or perfectionism, inability to set limits or say “no”, avoidance of conflict or confrontation, excessive need for control

serious results of stress
Serious Results of Stress

Illness as a result of stress is called psychosomatic.It is not imaginary as many believe. Other illnesses due to stress include ulcers and migraineheadaches and some cancers.

slide15

Physical:

Rapid heart beat, high blood pressure, excessive perspiration or cold sweat, trembling, feeling faint, churning stomach, indigestion, dry mouth or throat, uneven breathing, impaired coordination, slower reflexes, feelings of weakness, muscle tension, need for frequent urination, nausea

Mental:

Confusion or inability to: think effectively/concentrate; remember instructions, training or details; work out problems clearly and objectively. Also panic, irritability, anger, sense of unreality

stress management techniques
Stress Management Techniques
  • Keep your body physically fit with proper diet, exercise and sleep.
  • Schedule relaxation time for yourself
  • Talk out your frustrations with someone to gain perspective
  • Learn to identify problems, then focus on problem solving, not on the frustration
  • Accept the fact that you cannot be all things to all people, nor should you be.
  • Identify your negative coping patterns and substitute them with positive ones.
  • Develop a support system and use it regularly
  • Take time to enjoy people, animals and nature each day
even more techniques
Even More Techniques
  • Pay less attention to time – take off your watch!
  • Regulate how many items you put on your “To Do” list and prioritize them
  • During lunch avoid talking about classes or conflicts in relationships. Take your full lunch period and relax
  • Be willing to say “no” when you need to or ask for help when you need it
  • Accept compliments that are due – associate with people that make you feel good
  • Find a place where you can go to sit quietly for 5 minutes, or take a brief walk nearby
  • When you’re feeling a little down, make a list of all the reasons you don’t need to be depressed
slide19

Many times in life a person sees what he has been taught to see. Each of us were taught a specific picture of ourselves which has become our personal level of self-esteem.

what factors taught or helped us to develop our self image
What factors taught or helped us to develop our self-image?
  • Parents
  • Siblings
  • Peers
  • Successes or failures
  • Media
what problems may be a direct result of low self esteem
What problems may be a direct result of low self-esteem?
  • Drug dependency
  • Socialization problems
  • High stress levels
  • Low level of goals, incentives, motivation
  • Unhappiness
skills to raise self esteem
Skills to Raise Self Esteem
  • No self-imposed put-downs
  • Like people and expect them to like you and treat you with respect
  • Do nice things for yourself and let other people do nice things for you because you deserve special attention sometimes and appreciate it
  • Take care of yourself – emotionally, physically and spiritually
  • Don’t be afraid of failure
john wooden s seven point creed for success
John Wooden’s Seven Point CreedFor Success

When John was 12 years old and graduating from a country grade school, his father gave him this creed – a creed he has tried to live by ever since:

  • Be true to yourself.
  • Make each day your masterpiece.
  • Help others.
  • Drink deeply from good books, especially the Bible.
  • Make friendship a fine art.
  • Build a shelter against a rainy day.
  • Pray for guidance and give thanks for your blessings every day.
here s the facts
Here’s The Facts~
  • Suicide is the 2nd leading cause of death among teens. Each year an estimated 400,000 young people attempt to kill themselves; about 6,000 succeed.
  • 8/10 people who kill themselves have given definite clues to their intentions
  • Suicidal tendencies can be given in many clues and coded warnings.
  • Although a suicidal person is extremely unhappy, he is not necessarily mentally ill. His overpowering happiness may result from a temporary emotional upset, a long and painful illness, or a complete loss of hope.
slide28

“Sometimes in life we cannot control what happens to us but we can take charge of how we respond. We do not have to like what happens to us but we do have to accept certain hurts and events. In these situations we must find a meaning in the meaningless which causes so much pain. We can choose to survive life or we can choose to be devastated by it. Sometimes in the midst of winter, you must find within yourself an invincible summer”

- Dr. Iris Bolton

potential causes of adolescent suicide
Potential Causes of Adolescent Suicide
  • Loss of an important relationship
  • Family problems
  • Major disappointment or humiliation
  • Lack of communication, especially with parents
  • Overachiever
  • Drug abuse
  • Depression
warning signs of suicide
Warning Signs of Suicide
  • Sudden changes in personality
  • Withdrawal
  • Eating problems
  • Sleeping problems
  • Decrease in self-care
  • Falling grades in school
  • Drug abuse
  • Coded messages
  • Making final plans
  • Purchase of a gun, razor, rope or pills
  • Previous suicide attempts
  • Suddenly becoming cheerful after prolonged depression
suicide intervention
Suicide Intervention
  • Believe your suspicions
  • Approach the person about your suspicions
  • Encourage person to talk – actively listen
  • Buy time
  • Never promise secrecy and never work alone
slide32

Low Risk:

  • Contact parents or significant other
  • Keep person active
  • Ask for contract
  • Help them accomplish a goal or task

High Risk:

  • Do not leave alone
  • Acquire professional help
slide33

Chapter 2:

Substance Abuse

hard facts about tobacco and young people carcinogens cancer causing substance
Hard Facts About Tobacco And Young PeopleCarcinogens- Cancer causing substance
  • Smoking is the #1 preventable cause of death in the nation
  • Every 13 seconds, someone in the world dies from a tobacco-related illness
  • More people die from cigarette smoking and related illness than die from alcohol, traffic accidents, illicit drugs, murder and suicide combined.
  • Cigarette smoking is responsible for 1 out of every 5 American deaths
  • Tobacco kills nearly 435,000 Americans each year. Cocaine kills no more than 1,000.
why it s important for you to know
Why It’s Important For You To Know
  • Smoking is a strong predictor of more dangerous behavior in late adolescence: alcohol abuse, sexual promiscuity, and reckless driving
  • Cigarettes have been called a gateway drug. In a majority of cases, cigarette smoking precedes use of illicit drugs.
  • Among youths surveyed in 1985 who had tried both cigarettes and cocaine, 90 percent used cigarettes first.
  • Each day more than 3,000 American teenagers start smoking.
  • Peer influences appear to be the most potent factors in precipitating the onset of smoking. Over 50 percent of adolescents report smoking their first cigarette with a friend, 13 percent were alone, and 7 percent were with a parent.
  • There are now more female teenage smokers than male.
the addictive aspects of using tobacco
The Addictive Aspects Of Using Tobacco
  • The earlier people start smoking, the harder it is to quit when they are older. People who start smoking in their teenage years run the risk of becoming life-long smokers.
  • Most adolescents believe they can stop smoking whenever they wish.
  • Nicotine, which is found in tobacco is more addictive than crack or alcohol - one in six who experiment with crack will be addicted; 1 in 5 who experiment with alcohol will become addicted; 9 out 10 who experiment with tobacco will become addicted.
more facts
More Facts~
  • If 3 jumbo jets crashed every day of the year in America with no survivors, then about 390,000 would die in these crashes, the same number of people who died as a result of cigarette smoking in 1985.
  • Of the 3,000 children who smoke their first cigarette, 23 will be murdered, 30 will die in traffic accidents, and nearly 750 will be killed by smoking related diseases
  • In the U.S. 6,000 people start smoking a day
  • 9 out of 10 smokers started as teenagers
  • 1/3 of teens who begin smoking will eventually die from smoking related causes
what s in tobacco
What’s In tobacco
  • Hexamine Lighter fluid
  • Hydrogen cyanide Rat and insect poison
  • Methane Sewer gas
  • Methanol Rocket fuel
  • Naphthalene Mothballs
  • Nicotine Bug killer
  • Stearic acid Candle wax
  • Toluene Industrial solvent
  • Vinyl chloride
  • Plastic pipes
  • Acetone Nail polish remover
  • Ammonia Toilet cleaner
  • Arsenic Poison
  • Benzene Gasoline
  • Butane Lighter fluid
  • Cadmium Batteries
  • Carbon monoxide Car exhaust
  • DDT/Dieldrin Insecticide
  • Formaldehyde Embalming fluid
what is in cigarettes
What Is In Cigarettes?

43

chemicals in the tobacco which cause cancer; nicotine is the addictive chemical drug. Today’s cigarettes contain higher dosages of nicotine.

the effects of tobacco
The Effects Of Tobacco
  • Respiratory: Chronic Bronchitis, Emphysema, Lung Cancer
  • Circulatory: Causes plaque build up and clogs arteries, sudden heart attacks that result in death, raises blood pressure, increases heart rate 10 beats per cigarette, heart disease
dangers of smokeless tobacco
Dangers Of Smokeless Tobacco
  • 1 can is equal to 60 cigarettes
  • Tobacco juice causes Leukoplakia: A thick, white, leathery spot that will lead to cancer
  • Oral cancer strikes 30,000 people per year
  • Lose teeth at early age
  • Discolored teeth
  • Decreases the ability to smell or taste
slide43

Leukoplakia

Oral Cancer

Discolored Teeth

smoking pregnancy
Smoking & Pregnancy
  • Smoking mothers kill 6,200 children per year
  • Smoking mothers cause 2,800 infants to be born with a low birth weight
  • Smoking during pregnancy can also cause mental disabilities, growth problems, and birth defects
  • 11,000 babies die from respiratory infections
effects on nonsmokers
Effects On Nonsmokers
  • Passive smoke: Smoke form tobacco products that a nonsmoker inhales
  • Sidestream smoke: Smoke that smokers inhale plus passive smoke
  • Second Hand smoke is a Class A carcinogen causing 3,800 deaths a year from lung cancer and 12,000 deaths a year from other cancers
  • Second Hand smoke causes heart disease 10 times more often than lung cancer
what is alcohol
What Is Alcohol?
  • Ethanol: Type of alcohol found in any alcoholic beverage. It can be made synthetically or it can be produced naturally by a process called fermentation.
  • Alcohol is a depressant. It causes the body to slow down.
  • Intoxication is the physical and mental impairment caused by alcohol
facts about alcohol
Facts About Alcohol~
  • 80% of all teens have tried alcohol by their high school graduation
  • More college students will be killed by alcohol than those receiving masters or doctorate degrees
  • College age students are the highest beer consumers
alcohol and teens
Alcohol And Teens
  • ½ of teens who die each year die as a result of alcohol
  • Alcohol is a factor in rape, unwanted sex, pregnancy, STD’s, dating violence, suicides and homicides
  • 5 million problem drinkers are between the ages of 14 to 17
  • 41% of all traffic deaths are alcohol related
  • Teens die every day from alcohol related accidents
  • 100 million Americans use alcohol
why do teens drink
Why Do Teens Drink?
  • Escape
  • Cultural or peer pressure
  • To relax from stress
  • To feel better
  • To gain confidence
  • For excitement
  • To deal with boredom
  • Rebellion
  • To fit in; most teens want to be accepted
  • 79% of teens say getting drunk is “cool”
  • Movies, TV and advertisements glamorize drinking
  • Family Habits- children imitate their parents
  • Inheritance ( mental illness)
factors that affect teen alcohol use
Factors That Affect Teen Alcohol Use
  • Friends
  • Family
  • Party-like atmosphere (Pretty people, problem free drinking, verbiage not saying anything about the risk or using the product)
what alcohol does to the body
What Alcohol Does To The Body
  • Impairs judgment – Alcohol reaches the brain in minutes
  • Liver – The liver changes alcohol to water and carbon dioxide. If a person drinks alcohol faster than the liver can break it down, the person becomes intoxicated
  • Lungs – Carbon dioxide is released from the body through the lungs. The water passes out of the body in form of urine, perspiration, and breath vapor
  • Small Intestine – The rest of the blood moves to the small intestines, where it enters the blood stream
  • Mouth and throat – Affects the lining of the tongue, gums and throat
  • Heart – Causes the heart to beat faster, dilates blood vessels and increases blood flow causing the body to lose heat and the body temperature to drop
  • Stomach – 20% of alcohol consumed passes through the stomach and into the bloodstream. Too much causes vomiting.
long term effects of drinking
Long Term Effects Of Drinking
  • Brain damage
  • Chronic liver problems – Cirrhosis, Hepatitis, etc.
  • Tolerance – Regular drinking builds a tolerance
  • Withdrawal – Convulsions and hallucinations

• Alcohol and pregnancy can cause Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAC) which affects the fetus mentally and physically

choosing to be alcohol free
Choosing To Be Alcohol Free
  • Main reason for not drinking – “I don’t need it”
  • When turning down alcohol or any drug, be brief, polite, confident and to the point
  • You don’t have to drink to be popular, to have fun, or to be accepted
symptoms of alcoholism
Symptoms of Alcoholism
  • Each alcoholic has a different drinking pattern but the one thing that each has in common is an uncontrollable habit
  • Three stages of alcoholism:
    • First stage: Heavy social drinker
    • Middle stage: a drink cycle develops, drinking becomes a daily necessity
    • Final stage: isolation, loneliness, lives to drink, hits rock bottom and either recovers or drinks till they die
trends in drug use
Trends In Drug Use

Marijuana~

• Contains more cancer causing chemicals than cigarettes

• 1 joint = 34 cigarettes

• Teens are now using drugs at a younger age

• Drug use in teens doubled from 1993 to 1998

• More teens consider Marijuana a safe drug

effects of marijuana
Effects Of Marijuana
  • Marijuana is a hallucinogen that has the effects of both a depressant and a stimulant
  • The drug can lower body temperature
  • The mind-altering drug in it s THC (tetrahydrocannabinol). It is fat soluble, which means it will take 1 month to cleanse the body of all traces of joint.
  • Causes distortion delayed reaction time, dilated pupils, impaired memory, anxiety and panic. THC connects to cannabinoid receptors on the nerve cells in the brain. This inhibits higher learning memory, judgment and pleasure.
health problems from marijuana
Health Problems From Marijuana
  • Frequent Marijuana smokers experience more health problems than tobacco smokers.
  • Respiratory problems: Emphysema, bronchitis, and lung cancer risks increases because of marijuana use.
  • Marijuana doubles or triples your chances of getting cancer
  • THC impairs your immune system
  • Long term use leads to addiction
  • Marijuana has been found to help some diseases but the adverse effects on the lungs outweigh the good.
crack and cocaine
Crack And Cocaine
  • Cocaine is a stimulant drug extracted from the cocoa plant
  • 3 ways cocaine can be consumed: smoked, sniffed or injected
  • Crack has been processed from cocaine hydrochloride for freebasing or smoking
  • Cocaine is a stimulant – it affects the brain and the heart because it affects the part of the brain that controls the lungs and the heart
  • Both are highly addictive. After your first use, you could be addicted
crack and cocaine cont
Crack and Cocaine (Cont.)
  • Crack refers to the cracking sounds made by the sodium bicarbonate as it is being heated or smoked
  • Cocaine highs last 20 minutes to several hours. A crack high lasts 5 to 12 minutes
  • Both lead to a crash, leaving a person depressed, paranoid, and nervous
health hazards
Health Hazards
  • Hallucinations, convulsions, confusion, anxiety, cardiac arrest, nose bleeds, depression, insomnia, paranoia, stroke, large ulcers, and chronic use causes a loss of skin
  • National Household Survey on Drug Abuse (NHSDA states that 1.7 million Americans are once a month cocaine users
slide64
PCP
  • Also known as angel dust, rocketfuel, wack and ozone
  • It is a synthetic drug
  • Either smoked, snorted or injected
  • Considered to be one of the most dangerous drugs
  • Leads to: physiological and psychological dependence, pronounced rise in blood pressure, heart rate
  • Gives user a false sense of strength, power, invulnerability, and has a numbing effect of the mind
slide65
MDMA
  • Methylenedioxymethamphetamine
  • Also known as Ecstasy
  • Member of the amphetamine family
  • Stimulant and a hallucinogen
  • Effect lasts for 6 hours
  • Causes anxiety, paranoia, insomnia, and memory loss
  • Reduces serotonin levels and leaves you feeling depressed
methamphetamines
Methamphetamines
  • Used to treat Parkinson’s disease and obesity
  • Called crank, speed and ice
  • Synthetic drugs made in labs
  • Can be smoked, snorted, injected or swallowed
slide69
Male
  • Puberty: Period of life when certain normal physical changes take place in the body, especially those physical changes related to the reproductive system.
  • Males usually reach puberty between 12 and 16
anatomy
Anatomy
  • Testes: Hang within a pouch called the scrotum. Testes produce testosterone (male hormone) and sperm (male reproductive cells)
  • Testosterone causes: growth of hair on many parts of the body, deepening voice, broadening shoulders, increased feelings about the opposite sex
  • Seminal emissions: also known as “wet dreams”. Build-up of fluid in the testes and other parts of the systems. This fluid is known as semen or seminal fluid.
vas deferens
Vas Deferens
  • Has a pouch like structure branching from it called the seminal vesicle which stores sperm for a short period of time. It also makes a substance which helps to form semen.
  • The Vas Deferens works with the epididymus to move sperms throughout the reproductive system
  • Semen (which contains sperm) passes through urethra. Semen and urine never pass through the urethra at the same time.
more anatomy
More Anatomy~
  • Prostate Gland – also makes a substance which helps to form semen. Another tube is the urethra. The urethra carries urine from the urinary bladder to the penis.
  • Cowper’s Gland – gland that produces a milky substance which serves as a lubricant to help move semen.
  • Penis – the only part of the reproductive system located outside the body. The penis is made up of tissues and large amounts of blood vessels and nerves.
female reproductive system
Female Reproductive System
  • Puberty is usually between 11 and 14, and is normally before males
  • Ovaries produce 2 things: sex hormones and reproductive cells
  • Estrogen – female hormones that cause hair growth, deepening of voice, increase in appetite, development of breasts, widening of hips and increased feelings about the opposite sex
  • Ova – (or egg cells) are the reproductive cells. The cells are known as ovum. Ova should be produced at birth
anatomy1
Anatomy
  • Fallopian tubes – in order for the ovum to get from an ovary to certain parts of the female reproductive system, it must “jump” a space between ovaries and another part of the system. This part is called the fallopian tubes. There are 2 of these tubes in the body
  • Uterus – Once the ovum is in the fallopian tubes, the ovum will move through tubes to the uterus. This is another name for the womb. Uterus is thought to be the strongest muscle in the female body.
  • Cervix – the neck of the uterus
more anatomy1
More Anatomy~
  • Vagina – the vagina or birth canal is also made of muscle
  • Vulva – folds of skin that surround and protect the opening of the vagina. It is the only part of the female reproductive system outside the female body
  • Clitoris – a part of the vulva under the skin. Like the penis, it contains nerves and is very sensitive
  • Hymen – Also under the folds of skin, it helps to protect the opening of the vagina
menstrual cycle
Menstrual Cycle
  • Most obvious signs of puberty, releases small amount of blood and other substances through the vagina. Soon after the menstrual cycle takes place, the female is capable of having children.
  • Cycle usually occurs every 28 days or monthly. However it could go from 24 days to 34 days.
  • The pituitary gland in the brain is what causes the menstrual cycle.
menstrual cycle cont
Menstrual Cycle Cont.
  • Ovulation occurs on the 14th day of the menstrual cycle. This is when the ripened ovum bursts from the ovary.
  • The space left by the ovum fills with a tissue which gives off a hormone called progesterone. This affects the lining of the uterus. As long as progesterone is given off, the hormone FSH will not be given off. Therefore, no ovum will ripen.
  • If the ovum, which is in the fallopian tubes, does not meet with a sperm within 28 to 48 hours, the tissue that gives off the progesterone will die. Without progesterone, the lining of the uterus, which has thickened, will break down. Then, the cycle starts all over again.
  • Through this breakdown, small amounts of blood will flow out of the body. This flow lasts about 5 to 7 days. This is called the menstrual period.
effects of the menstrual cycle on some females
Effects of the Menstrual Cycle on Some Females
  • Slight increase in weight
  • Anemia (not enough red blood cells in the body)
  • Increased urge to rid the body of urine
  • Abdominal or back pain
  • Tenderness or enlargement of the breasts
  • Increased feelings of tiredness
  • Increased difficulty sleeping
  • Easily upset
  • Moody
  • Increase in the number of colds
  • General bloated feeling
  • Nausea
  • Increased perspiration
  • Headache
hiv aids
HIV/AIDS
  • AIDS is a fatal dieses to the immune system
  • AIDS is acronym Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
  • AIDS a dieses not inherited but transmitted from person to person
  • Symptoms show up several months to several years after contact with the AIDS virus.
  • The HIV virus attacks the white blood cells( T-cells) which in turn makes the white blood cells go bad and cause the immune system to breakdown.
  • There are two most common opportunistic dieses Kaposiscarcoma (skin cancer) and Pneumocystiscarinii pneumonia
  • This consists of flu-like feelings that won’t go away, unexplained weight loss, diarrhea, white spots in mouth, purple bumps on the skin and inside the mouth, nose or rectum
  • Effects: Profound immune impairment and symptoms that last for years
  • *THERE IS NO CURE FOR AIDS
three stages of aids
Three Stages of AIDS
  • Healthy Carrier Stage- could last up to ten years. Someone is infected with no symptoms
  • ARC( age related complex)- the opportunistic dieses are infecting the body but the defense system of the body is becoming less effective against the diseases
  • AIDS ( full blown AIDS)- the body is no longer able to defend itself against the diseases
most common teen stds
Most common Teen STDS
  • Trichomoniasis
  • Gonorrhea
  • Chlamydia
  • HPV
trichomoniasis aka vaginitis
Trichomoniasis aka Vaginitis
  • Is transmittable but curable
  • Symptoms
    • Itching
    • Burning
    • Odor discharge from vaginal area
gonorrhea
Gonorrhea
  • Symptoms in both male and female there is white discharge and burning while urinating
  • In females there is abnormal menstrual cycle, abdominal pain
  • In most woman it is Asymptomatic
  • Chlamydia and Gonorrhea have similar symptoms
  • There are strands of Gonorrhea that are resistant to penicillin
chlamydia
Chlamydia
  • MOST common STD in the U.S.
  • Infects 3 millions people each year
  • Caused by a bacteria called Chlamydia trachomatis which infects the urethra in men and the cervix in women.
  • Transmitted by contact with mucous membranes in the vagina, mouth, eyes, urethra, or rectum
  • Could be asymptomatic (no symptoms.) in male and female
  • Symptoms: Males – discharge from penis and painful urination. Females – vaginal discharge and pain in lower abdomen.
  • Possible complications: sterility and eye damage or infant pneumonia
  • The antibiotic tetracycline is most effective.
genital herpes
Genital Herpes
  • Very contagious viral infection that occurs around sex organs
  • Usually spread by intercourse
  • There is currently no cure
  • Herpes simplex II viruses causes genital herpes, blisters will usually occur monthly.
  • 2 types of herpes simplex: type I and type II
  • Conditions caused by herpes simplex1: cold sores, fever blisters, or oral herpes which refers to infections of the lips, tongue, or mouth
  • Incubation period: 4 to 6 days
  • Virus can re-occur because it can activate itself. Herpes is the most contagious when sores appear. The sores contain many active viruses.
hepatitis b
Hepatitis B
  • A highly contagious and deadly virus
  • 2nd most commonly reported STD
  • 1/3 of the affected people do not know how they got infected
  • Commonly spread by sex
  • *CONDOMS DO NOT PREVENT THE DISEASE FROM SPREADING*
  • You are at risk if: you’ve had more than 1 sex partner in the last 6 months, you have another STD, or if you have contact with someone with Hepatitis B
  • Symptoms: Skin rash, arthritis, fatigue, loss of appetite, jaundice (yellowing of skin and eyes), abdominal pain, nausea, mild flu-like illness
genital warts
Genital Warts
  • Show up 1-6 months after having sex
  • Human Papilloma virus ( HPV)- there is no cure
  • The warts do not go away, they can be laser removed but will grow back
  • There’s over a hundred strands of the HPV virus
symptoms of genital herpes
Symptoms of Genital Herpes

**You can have herpes and not have any symptoms or have symptoms so mild, they go unnoticed.

  • Itching or pain in genital area
  • Burning sensation when urinating or vaginal discharge (within a week)
  • Small blisters (very painful) appear on the vagina, cervix, urethra, and the anal area on women
  • Small blisters appear on the penis or anal area on men
  • The sores will heal and leave no scars.
  • In 1st infections the symptoms may last 3 weeks.
  • HPV Virus is genital warts. There is no cure, and warts must be laser removed.
syphilis
Syphilis
  • One of the most dangerous STDs
  • Transmitted by sexual contact but the organism can be spread by skin contact, where the skin is broken.
  • More than 90,000 cases reported each year
  • Symptoms will disappear but the disease will continue
  • Complications: heart damage; brain and spinal cord damage which causes paralysis, insanity and death; birth defects and newborn death
3 stages of syphilis
3 Stages of Syphilis
  • 1st stage – 1 to 2 weeks after contact: Reddish bump called chancre sore. Lasts 2 to 5 weeks and is painless. It is found where organism enters the body
  • 2nd stage – 1 to 6 months after contact: rash on arm, neck and legs; enlarged lymph nodes; fever and sore throat
  • 3rd stage – 3 years or more after contact: Ulcer on skin and internal organs; arthritis; loss of feeling in arms and legs; pain and disability due to damage to heart, blood vessels, spinal cord, and/or brain
complications
Complications
  • Heart damage
  • Brain and spinal cord damage causing paralysis, insanity, and death
  • Birth defects and newborn death
pubic lice aka crabs
Pubic lice aka crabs
  • An intense persistent itching in the pubic hair, but could also be found in the armpits, chest hair, eyebrow and eyelashes
statistics
Statistics
  • 1/3 teens are involved in some sort of teen violence
  • Women 16-24 have the highest per-capita rate for intimate violence
  • In dating violence one partner tries to maintain power and control through some sort of abuse
  • Teen dating violence is influenced by how teenagers look at themselves and others
young men believe
Young men believe
  • That they have the right to control their female partner in anyway
  • Masculinity means physical aggressiveness
  • They posses their partners
  • They feel they should and can demand intimacy
  • Some men feel they will lose respect if they are attentive and supportive towards their girlfriend
girl beliefs
Girl beliefs
  • They feel they are responsible for solving problems in relationship
  • A boyfriend jealous, Possessiveness and even physically abuse is romantic
  • Abuse because their friends are being abused
  • They think they can “cure” the abusive boyfriend
the early warning sign of an abusive relationship
The early warning sign of an abusive relationship
  • Extreme jealousy
  • Controlling behavior
  • Quick involvement in a relationship ( sweep you off your feet)
  • Mood swings
  • Drug use ( alcohol included)
  • Explosive anger
  • Isolate you from friends and family
  • Using force during an argument
  • Showing hypersensitivity
  • Blames other for his problems or feelings
  • Verbally abusive
  • Has abused former partners
  • Threatens you with violence
quick facts about teen violence and date rape
Quick facts about teen violence and date rape
  • 1/5 high school students will be physically and/or sexually abused on a date
  • 1/5 college students will be date raped
  • 60% of women ages 15-24 are involved in an ongoing abusive relationship
  • Most rapes take place in a dwelling
  • Most rapists are married
  • Most rapists are blue-collar workers
  • The motive for rape is the power and sex is the tool
continued facts
Continued facts
  • The majority of women knew that they were in a dangerous situation before they were raped (sixth sense)
  • 68% percent of the girls knew or had casual acquaintance with their rapist
  • Survey show that 67% of sexual assaults on college campuses are date rapes
  • Rape is a planned crime, it’s not impulsive
  • An estimated 700,000 women are forcibly raped every year
  • Rape remains the most dramatically unreported crime 70%-84% of rapes aren’t reported to law enforcement.
dating safety
Dating safety
  • Double date the first few times you go out with a new person
  • Before leaving on a date, know the exact plans for the evening and make sure parents or friends know the plans
  • Let your date know when you are expected to be home and what time you will call your friends or your parents when you get in
  • Know that your ability to react is greatly jeopardized under the influence of alcohol or other drugs
  • Trust your instincts if you are in a uncomfortable situation stay calm, and think of a way to remove yourself
divorce rates in america
Divorce rates in America
  • 1st marriage : 50%
  • 2nd marriage: 67 %
  • 3rd marriage: 74%
  • Cohabiters before first marriage: 55%
  • Unmarried couples living together increase 72% from 1990 to 2000
personal applications
Personal Applications
  • Why do you think teenagers today become sexually active?
  • What are some emotional consequences of premarital sexual activities?
choosing abstinence recognizing abstinence enables you to experience
Choosing abstinenceRecognizing abstinence enables you to experience:
  • freedom from worry, guilt, pregnancy, pressure to marry before your ready, abortion, sexually transmitted diseases, being used by others, and the bother and worry of contraceptives.
  • freedom to be in control of your life, develop self respect, focus on your energies, establishing and realizing your goals, experience more healthy and long-term relationships, and enjoy being a teenager.
become pressure proof
Become Pressure Proof
  • Set it: Establish boundaries
  • Say it: Give a verbal response
  • Show it: Be assertive
set it
Set It
  • Predetermining how far to go
  • Order of progression to intercourse: holding hands- kissing- hugging- prolong kissing- petting and touching- mutual sex play- sexual intercourse
say it
Say It
  • The big lies-
  • If you love me you will prove it.
  • Everybody else is doing it.
  • If you get pregnant I will marry you.
  • I know you want to do it.
  • It’s a normal part of growing up.
  • I thought you were serious about me.
  • I thought this relationship is going somewhere.
  • I am really committed to you.
  • If you don’t have sex with me I don’t want to see you anymore.
showing it
Showing It
  • Show courage
  • Be assertive with your head, with your mouth, with your heart, with your body language, and with your feet.
shock
Shock
  • Shock is a failure of the circulatory system to provide sufficient circulation of blood to every body part
symptoms of shock
Symptoms of Shock
  • The pulse is weak and rapid
  • The breathing is likely to be shallow, rapid and irregular
  • The temperature of the body near the surface is lowered because of the poor blood flow
  • The temperature near the surface of the body is lowered because of the poor blood flow; so the face, arms and legs feel cold to the touch.
  • Sweating becomes quite noticeable
  • The person in shock is usually pale
  • The pupils of the eye are dilated(enlarged).
  • The conscience victim may complain of thirst, having a feeling of weakness, faintness, dizziness, or nausea
  • Sometimes the signs of shock may be disguised by other signs of injury
8 types of shock
8 Types of Shock
  • Hypovolemic(blood loss)- insufficient blood in the system
  • Respitory Shock (inadequate breathing)- insufficient amount of oxygen in the blood
  • Neurogenic Shock- damage to the spine and brain
  • Psychogenic Shock- fainting
  • Cardiogenic- inadequate functioning of the heart
  • Septic- severe infection
  • Anaphylactic- allergic reaction
  • Metabolic- loss of body fluids
how to t reat shock
How to Treat Shock
  • If the face is red, raise the head. If the face is pale, raise the tail. First Aid Axiom
  • Only moisten the mouth and lips, DO NOT give them anything to drink.
  • Heat is important, so treat important to the climate
  • Keep victim warm enough for comfort
types of wounds
Types of Wounds
  • Abrasion (scrape)
  • Contusion (bruise)
  • Incision (cut)
  • Laceration (tear)
  • Puncture (piercing)
  • Avulsion (torn off)
control bleeding
Control Bleeding
  • Direct Pressure
  • Elevation
  • Pressure Points
  • Tourniquet
  • The volume of blood in the body is 5 to 6 quarts
types of burns
Types of Burns
  • 3 types, first, second, and third degree burns
  • 1st degree-minor burn, no blisters, skin color red, and painful
  • 2nd degree-minor burn, blisters, pinkish to cherry red or white and waxy, very painful and superficial, chemical burn
  • 3rd degree-major burn, charred, little to no pain, deep tissue destruction, infection, deeper destruction of skin layers
caring for burns
Caring for Burns
  • Aloe Vera extract is useful in the treatment for sunburns and superficial burns
  • For 1st degree burns- apply cold water
  • For 2nd degree burns- immerse in cold water, blot dry with sterile cloth, treat for shock
  • For 3rd degree burns- cover with sterile cloth, treat for shock, do not remove chard clothing
  • For chemical burns- remove clothing and flush area for 5-15 minutes
heat and cold related injuries
Heat and Cold Related Injuries
  • Hypothermia- low body heat
  • TYPES OF HYPOTHERMIA
  • Superficial frost bite-fingers, cheeks, ears and nose and most common affect parts
  • Deep unthawed frost bite- hands and feet, hard solid and cannot be depressed
  • Hyperthermia- high body heat
  • TYPES OF HYPERTHERMIA
  • Heat exhaustion- excessive loss of water and salt from the body
  • Heat cramps- sever pain and spasm in skeletal muscles
  • Heat stroke- headaches, uneasiness, excessive warmth, skin is hot wet and dry
heat exhaustions
Heat exhaustions
  • Symptoms: weakness, dizziness, blurred vision, nausea, mild muscular cramps, profuse sweating
heat cramps
Heat Cramps
  • Symptoms- sever pain and spasm in skeletal muscles
heat stroke
Heat Stroke
  • Symptoms- headaches, uneasiness, excessive warmth, skin is hot wet and dry