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Persian Gulf & Interior. Answers to Packet. #1. #2. What three themes are reflected on the region’s politics and concerns for the future? Oil wealth, preserving the authority of traditional leaders, the role of Islam in a modernizing world. #3 & #4.

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Persian gulf interior
Persian Gulf & Interior

Answers to Packet

Persian gulf interior

  • What three themes are reflected on the region’s politics and concerns for the future?

  • Oil wealth, preserving the authority of traditional leaders, the role of Islam in a modernizing world

Persian gulf interior
#3 & #4

  • Place the following peoples in chronological order from earliest to latest: Akkadians, British and Russians, Mongols, Ottoman Turks, Safavids, Sumerians

  • Sumerians, Akkadians, Persians, Mongols, Safavids, Ottoman Turks, British and Russians

  • What is a theocracy? Which country has one? What problems might this cause?

  • A country governed by religious law; Iran; people who don’t follow that religion

Persian gulf interior
#5 & #6

  • What is the Taliban? Where are they? What do they do?

  • Extremist Sunni Muslims who were in power in Afghanistan; destroyed statues of other religions, limit women’s rights

  • How does OPEC influence oil prices?

  • By controlling supply; reducing or increasing oil production, it can affect economies of countries around the world

Persian gulf interior
#7 & #8

  • What type of agriculture is most likely to be practiced here?

  • Subsistence

  • Describe the Bedouins

  • Nomadic herders who live in dry lands; move with herds in a regular patterns based on the seasons

  • n way of life.

Persian gulf interior
#9 & #10

  • What countries are found on the Arabian Peninsula other than Saudi Arabia?

  • Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, UAE, Yemen

  • Which country in this region is landlocked? What does that mean?

  • Afghanistan; it does not have access to the sea or an ocean

11 13
#11 & #13

  • What are exotic rivers? Give two examples. What is the name of the region they form?

  • Rivers that begin in humid region then flow across dry areas; Tigris & Euphrates; Mesopotamia

  • What are among the hottest places in the world?

  • Lowlands of Saudi Arabia along the Persian Gulf

Persian gulf interior

14 15
#14 & #15

  • Describe the vegetation in this region with three facts.

  • Lowlands of Saudi Arabia along the Persian Gulf

  • Give four examples of different animals found in this region.

  • Gazelles, wild goats, hyenas, leopards, lions, tigers, wild camels, donkeys, lizards, poisonous snakes

16 17
#16 & #17

  • What kind of climates dominates this region? What produces humid climates in the region?

  • Hot & dry; orographic effect

  • Why do parts of Saudi Arabia have high temperature variations?

  • Inland areas are very dry; temperature drops quickly at night because dry air losses heat faster than moist air

Persian gulf interior

-Dry climates

-Lack of water

-Clear skies

-Plants adapted to dry conditions

-Humidity at mountain peaks

-Rainfall on mountains

-Trees in mountain ranges


-Bring winter rains

-Cyclonic storms

-Cooler temperatures in highlands

-Resorts in mountains

-Skiing in Iran

19 20
#19& #20

  • What are the region’s two most precious natural resources?

  • Oil & freshwater

  • How can technology expand the region’s supply of freshwater?

  • The desalinization process can make freshwater from seawater

Persian gulf interior

  • Which landforms in the region seem most favorable for human settlement? Which seem least favorable? Why?

  • Where temperatures are more moderates & water more available (highlands or N Iran & T/E river valleys); desert areas without rivers

22 23
#22 & #23

  • Where is the Fertile Crescent?

  • Arc of productive lands north from the gulf through river plains continuing through Turkey to the Mediterranean coast

  • What geographic issues have affect Iraq’s international relations in recent decades.

  • Access to oil and historical claims led Iraq to invade Iran and Kuwait

24 25
#24 & #25

  • Who has the most oil? What fraction on the world’s reserves is controlled by five countries in this region?

  • Saudi Arabia; 63.9%

  • Which resource do you think is more important to the future of Southwest Asia- oil or water? Explain your answer.

  • Water: essential to life and economic activities OR oil: basis of their wealth, best hope for development

26 27
#26 & #27

  • Who is Muhammad? What happened to him? What did he do about it?

  • A prophet who established the religion of Islam because he believed a messenger of God spoke to him

  • What are the two main branches of Islam? How do they differ? Which is more popular?

  • Sunni and Shi’a; belief in who can be an imam- religious leader; Sunni (90%)

28 30
#28- #30

  • How do some of the region’s people maintain their traditional ways of life?

  • Subsistence farming, herding, traditional crafts

  • How do many of the ancient cities in this area operate?

  • Old style 1 or 2 story buildings, narrow twisting streets, open air bazaars, mosques

  • How do the newer cities differ?

  • Modern buildings, air conditioned malls, streets made for cars, high rise apt bldgs., fast food, gas stations

Persian gulf interior

  • Arabs: Largest in region, speak Arabic, Islam

  • Persians: Farsi, dominant in Iran

  • Pashtun: Afghanistan (largest), Pashtu

  • Kurds: Muslims, Iran, Iraq, Syria, & Turkey, related to Farsi, self-rule

32 35
#32- #35

  • Has scarce water supplies?

  • Has large oil deposits?

  • Has had a series of people rule over it?

  • Has diverse cultural groups?