Iranian Carpets By Effat
Contents • Introduction • Persian Rugs, Persian Carpets & Oriental Rugs - History • Famous cities • Tools • Materials • Design, Layout & motifs • Riding Carpet • Flying carpet • Solomon’s carpet • Website
Introduction • The art of carpet weaving existed in Iran in ancient times (2500-year-old) • The Persian carpets (faršفرش, meaning "to spread”. • It is an essential part of Persian art and culture. • Carpet-weaving is one of the most distinguished show of Persian culture and art, and dates back to ancient Persian. • In 2008, Iran’s exports of hand-woven carpets was $420 million.
Persian Rugs, Carpets & Oriental Rugs - History • Known as the home of the original oriental carpet, Iran (Persia) the oldest and once most powerful empire in the Middle East, stood at the crossroads of Eastern and Western civilizations. Under the Safavid Dynasty (1502-1736), Iran attained its artistic height. Court weaving, together with the arts of calligraphy, miniature painting, and tile work, flourished to exceptional heights. • Persian carpet exports began in the 16th century. Starting in the 1850s, American, English and German firms established new factories in Mashed, Tabriz, Kerman, and Sultanabad (now Arak), • Persian carpets and rugs have always been and still are an intrinsic part of Iranian culture and its people's daily lives. • Persian carpets are traditionally known for their tremendous variety in design, colour, size, and weave. They are known for the uniqueness of each and every rug produced.
Famous Cities • The most famous cities which create carpets are: • Tabriz • Kashan • Kerman • Isfahan • Ardabil • Mashhad • Yazd & more
TOOLS • Some traditional tools of the craft.
Materials • Wool is the most common material for carpets. • Cotton is frequently used for the foundation • Silk • In some cases even Camel Hair wool.
Design, Layout & motifs • Persian rugs are made up of a layout and a design. • The design included one or a number of motifs. • The Iran Carpet Company, a specialist in the subject. • Persian carpet designs and has carried out studies of thousands of rugs.
Solomon’s carpet • Solomon's carpet was reported made of green silk with a golden weft, sixty miles long and sixty miles wide. • When Solomon sat upon the carpet he was caught up by the wind. • He sailed through the air so quickly that he breakfasted at Damascus and supped in Media. • The wind followed Solomon's commands, and ensured the carpet would go to the proper destination.
Riding Carpet • Riding a Flying Carpet, an 1880 painting by Viktor Vasnetsov. • Magic carpets have appeared in literature from almost Biblical times through the present day. • The popularity of One Thousand and One Nights brought magic carpets to the attention of Western audiences.
Website http://www.farsinet.com/persianrug/ END