ROME Document-Based Question Taylor – World History. The Origins of Rome . Site chosen for its fertile soil and strategic location Romans found a republic — government in which citizens elect leaders. DOCUMENT 1
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What territory did Rome add between 500 BC and 117 AD?
1a: What are the physical characteristic of the Tigris and Euphrates river valley? For example, in which direction do they flow? Where are they located?
1b: What geographic factors made this valley ideal for civilization?
We’ll come back to this topic in a couple of weeks.
Internal problems and innovations spur the division and decline of the Roman Empire
4a: List two negative qualities of the Huns, according to Marcellinus.
4b: What does their regard for their enemy say about how the Romans likely viewed themselves.
The nation of the Huns … surpasses all other barbarians in the wilderness of life … And though [the Huns] do just bear the likeness of men (of a very ugly pattern), they are so little advanced in civilization that they … feed upon the … half-raw flesh of any sort of animal … When attacked … they fill the air with varied and discordant cries … they fight in no regular order of battle, but by being extremely swift and sudden in their movements, they disperse … spread havoc over vast plains, and … pillage the camp of their enemy almost before he has become aware of their approach.”
5A: What group of invaders came from the greatest distance?
5B: What areas of the empire were not threatened by invasion?
6A: What does feel was the underlying reason for Rome’s fall?
6B: What does Gibbon find surprising about the Roman Empire?
The decline of Rome was the natural and inevitable effect of immoderate greatness. Prosperity ripened the principle of decay; the causes of destruction multiplied with the extent of conquest; and, as soon as time or accident had removed artificial supports, the stupendous fabric yielded to the pressure of its own weight. The story of its ruin is simple and obvious; and instead of inquiring why the Roman Empire was destroyed, we should rather be surprised that it had subsisted so long.
- Edward Gibbon, Historian
The Romans develop many ideas and institutions that become fundamental to Western Civilization.
Extra Credit: Who am I? What is my legacy? 100 words due tomorrow.
Over the course of several centuries, Rome built one of the largest empires the world had ever know. By 120 A.D., the Romans controlled portions of three continents, spreading their civilizations across much of the ancient world.
Write a well-organized essay that includes an introduction, several paragraphs, and a conclusion. Address all aspects of the task by accurately analyzing at least four documents. Support your response with relevant facts, examples and details. Include additional outside information.
Nov. 19, 1863
Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.
Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battlefield of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this (document #3).
But, in a larger sense, we cannot dedicate—we cannot consecrate—we cannot hallow—this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us—that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion—that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain—that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom— and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.