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DOD AT<echnology Transition Learning Center of ExcellenceBriefing to SOCOM Diane P. Williams Director, TT LCOE Diane.Williams@dau.mil (256) 722-1042 November 2007
AT&L Technology Transition Learning Center of Excellence Vision A collaborative effort between government, industry, and academia to provide timely, mission-enhancing technology transition training, assessments, and technical products and services to assist the AT&L Workforce
Technology Transition (TT)Learning Center of Excellence (TTLCOE) Performance Learning Model (PLM) • Visits to S&T CoP – over 5,000 / month • 400+ TT and Technology Insertion Knowledge Sharing Items • 600+ TT Library Assets Available • 500+ TT Ask a professor responses • Mgr Guide to TT in Evol Acquis Environ • Technology Readiness Assess Guide • STM201 and STM302 • Army Senior Service College • TT Training integrated into DAWIA Courses (e.g., PMT352, PMT401) • Technology-Related Continuous Learning Modules (CLMs) • TT Refreshers at Industry & Government Conferences • TT Workshops & Seminars • JCTD and Tech Transition Workshops • Technology Assessment & Transition Management (TATM) Process Development • GATech/Army/DAU Partnership on Technology Planning
Four Broad Areas for Improvement: Responsibility, resources, and programs for technology maturation beyond TRL 5 (“technology push”) Requirements, resources, and acquisition strategies for timely technology transition beyond TRL 7 (“technology pull”) Technical, cultural, and business barriers to integrating new suppliers and new technologies into defense system architectures Focused governance and oversight at the Enterprise Level Established the Technology Transition Task Force (TT ESG) See Full Report at: https://acc.dau.mil/CommunityBrowser.aspx?id=21690 DUSD(AS&C) Report to Congress – July 2007
PURPOSE: This will be a government-only, senior level steering group that will tackle solutions for selected barriers and challenges outlined in the Report to Congress on Technology Transition, and report recommendations to the Technology Transition Council, chaired by USD (AT&L), Mr. John Young. Members: Assistant DUSD (I&TT), Chair – Ms. Kathleen Harger One S&T rep from each Service and Agency (DTRA, MDA, DARPA, etc.) One Acquisition rep from each Service and Agency One rep from Joint Requirements Oversight Council One rep from SOCOM -- Dr. Dale Uhler Technology TransitionExecutive Steering Group (TT ESG)
Quantifying the Effects of Immature Technologies • According to a GAO review in 2005 of 54 DoD programs: • Only 15% of programs began System Design Decision [post MS B] with mature technology (TRL 7) • Programs thatattempted to integrate with immature technologiesaveraged41% cost growth and a 13 month schedule delay • At Critical Design Review, 58% of programs demonstrated design instability (< 90% drawings releasable) • Design stability not achievable with immature technologies • Programswithout stable designs at CDRaveraged 46% cost growth and a 29 month schedule delay • Source: Defense Acquisitions: Assessments of Selected Major Weapon Programs, GAO-05-301, March 2005
Basic Research Adv. Development Applied Research Operational Requirements Ocean, Atmosphere & Earth Sciences Engineering Sciences Technology Superiority Understanding Investment Strategy Focus Option Life Sciences National Security Acquisition Physical & Math Sciences Opportunities Directed Knowledge Engineering/ Operational Knowledge Fundamental Knowledge The DOD Lens Analogy • 6.1 Basic research is systematic study directed toward greater knowledge or understanding of the fundamental aspects of phenomena and of observable facts • 6.2 Applied research is systematic study to gain knowledge or understanding necessary to determine the means by which a recognized or specific need may be met • 6.3 Advanced technology development includes all efforts that have moved into the development and integration of hardware for field experiments and tests 6.1 6.3 6.2
S&T RDT&E 6.5 Engr/Manuf Development 6.4 Program Defn & Risk Reduction 6.3 Adv Tech Dev 6.2 Applied Research 6.1 Basic Research Managed by Program Offices Tech Base Managed by Labs “Bridging the Gap” The Technology Transition Gap Means for Tech Transition Advanced Technology Demo (ATD) Technology Planning IPT ACTD Battle Lab Experiments Technical Events (EFX) SPD Initiative Industry Initiative • Program management and Tech Transition Focus • Senior Leader Emphasis • Continuous Communication • Integrated Systems Engr Process • Alignment of Budgets/Schedules Means for Tech Transition Advanced Technology Demo (ATD) Joint Capabilities Tech Demo (JCTD) Battle Lab Experiments Technical Events Industry Initiative “Valley of Death”
“PEO and PMs do not create program or portfolio plans that consciously identify needed technologies and/or their associated technology insertion points. The POM [Program Objective Memorandum] reflects a relatively short horizon, money-constrained program which does not adequately address technology insertion issues. There is no effective outreach mechanism between the user, S&T, acquisition, and logistics communities, hindering development of technology insertion plans.” DUSD(AS&C) Report to Congress – July 2007
Strategic Investment Decisions Prioritized Investments Focus on Specific Technology Areas Enabling Technologies to Meet Capability Gaps Technology Assessment & Maturation Process TRL Assessments Moving from one Readiness Level to Another Roadmaps to Align Program and S&T Plans Funding and Schedule Alignment Acquisition Process and TRL Level Alignment Technology Insertion Points Identified Disciplined Systems Engineering Process to Manage Technology Transition Planning Documented Plans – Tech Transition Agreements Specific Actions to Mature TRL Level • Cutting Across these Issues: • Policy • Organizational Goal Alignment • Communication between Stakeholders (PM, User, S&T) • Common Language for Technology Assessment, TRL Definitions, Terms, and Plans for Maturation Technology Transition Challenges There is a Solution!
TATM process fosters collaboration, leveraging, and cost sharing among user, acquirer, technology developer, and sustainer communities TATM helps get technology to war fighter through disciplined systems engineering process Now being tailored and implemented by several organizations: PEO Aviation PEO Core Soldier Joint Ground Robotics Office ** Technology Assessment and Transition Management (TATM) Process
“This DAU Technology Transition Management process has a lot of merit. I adapted it for Joint Ground Robotics use, and it has been very effective for us.” Ellen M. Purdy Enterprise Director, Joint Ground Robotics, Land Warfare and Munitions within Portfolio Systems Acquisition, Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology & Logistics OUSD(ATL)PSA/LW&M August 22, 2007 OSD Joint Ground Robotics TATM Process Endorsement
Identify Programs, Technologies, and User Requirements Technology Assessment of: Criticality to the Mission Technology Readiness Level (TRL) Technology Maturity Plan Sustainment Impacts (Logistics) Technology Roadmap Development Technology Transition Agreement (TTA) Development Risk Assessment & Risk Mitigation Strategy Management approval of TTAs Execute approved program plans, roadmaps, and TTAs TATM Process 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
PEO Aviation TATM Process Detail Common Technology Assessment Language Communication and Planning FEEDBACK Working IPT Technology Assessment Input TATM Process Bounds Assess S&T Project Usability/Criticality PM with User Support Yes Draft/Final ORD Exists? Technology Roadmap Assess S&T Projects Usability/Criticality User with PM/S&T Support Working IPT No Draft 3 Project/Program Database – TATM Tool Suite Develop Product Roadmaps S&T Manager Tech Projects Definition Assess TRL S&T SME/Manager Project/Program DatabaseTATM Tool Suite PM Program Definition Develop Integrated Product Line Roadmaps User Requirements/FOCs Coordination Assess Technology Maturation Plan PM and S&T SME/Manager Conduct Product/Product Line Gap, Commonality and Initial Risk Assessment Integrating IPT 2 1 Review, Identify & Prioritize Technologies TATM Process Bounds Assess Sustainment Impact Sustainment Lead Team Assessment of Scheduled Events 4 Working IPT Develop/Update Technology Transition Agreements FEEDBACK 2 Integrating IPT Approved Technology Transition Agreements - Review & Coordinate TTAs - Submit TTAs to EIPT for approval Working IPT: User,S&T and PM 7 Reassess Critical Projects 5 1 1 PEO/PM Working IPT Responsible Org EIPT Working IPT Working IPT Working IPT Execute Approved Product/Product Line Plans Transition Technology to Programs Update Plans and Roadmap (annual) Develop Risk Handling and Transition Plans Approve Risk Assignments EIPT TTA Approval Conduct Detailed Risk Analysis for Critical Projects • Threat • Requirements • Design • Test and Eval • Simulation • Technology • Logistics • Platform Integration • System of System Int. • Production & Facilities • Concurrency • Developer Capability • Operational Integration • Intellectual Property • Cost / Funding • Schedule • Management • Interoperability 2 2 Technology Transition Agreements V0.0 Interest V1.0 Intent V2.0 Commitment Working IPT Working IPT Develop Detailed Risk Handling Plans Develop Risk Handling Strategies 6 e.g. Technology Maturation Efforts Or Early Prototyping • Control • Avoidance • Assumption • Transfer • Monitoring Team Risk Assessment and Risk Management Working IPT Link to DDRE Recommended Process for TTA Development and PEO TTA Template: Each Platform TTA includes statements of Interest (L 0), Intent (L 1) and Commitment (L 2) Levels of support for all technologies 1 Develop Detailed Transition Plans Recommended Risk Areas IAW “Risk Management Guide for DOD Acquisition” Draft - Revision 31 August 2004 e.g. What? Who? When? Link to existing STO/ATD/other S&T Process 2
PM Technology Roadmap - Key Product of TATM Process Programs and Descriptions Program Schedules By Phase 3 Technology Projects and Descriptions Technology Funding and projected TRLs
Identifies Target Programs and Enabling Technologies Alignment to Capability Gaps Level of Commitment: Interest, Intent, Commitment Disciplined Systems Engineering process Technology Maturation Plans Roadmaps to Technology Insertion Points Identify Portfolio Horizontal Technology Integration opportunities S&T Portfolio Management and Prioritization Coordination & Communication Roles and Responsibilities User criticality assessments Alignment of plans and design constraints Funding & Schedules Who will request funding, & in what years and amounts? Identify the Program Elements and Budget Activities TRL maturity v. acquisition milestones = technology insertion pts Documentation and Data Provided Technology Transition Agreements
Technology Transition Executive Steering Group (TT ESG) will address the issues in the Congressional Report Many issues have been ongoing for years Technology Transition Mgt provides a large return on investment by bridging the “Valley of Death”, thus benefiting from DOD’s S&T investments TATM is a systems engineering process to: Facilitate Communication among Stakeholders Create Technology Insertion Roadmaps Develop Technology Transition Agreements Summary DAU recommends that SOCOM adopt a robust Technology Transition Management Approach