Diwali Hindu Festival of Light HRT3M1 October 19, 2012
Introduction • The festival of lights: inner light • Celebrated across India with great devotion and happiness • A time of celebration with family • Celebrates Lakshmi
Other Religions • Celebrated by Sikhs, Jains and Buddhists • Jains: marks the attainment of moksha by Mahavira (527 BCE) • Buddhists: commemorates the conversion of Emperor Ashoka to Buddhism
History • Originated as a harvest festival • More than one story to explain the meaning • The story that people believe is determined based on where people live.
History North India: • To celebrate the return of the Rama to the kingdom after he had been exiled for 14 years. Western India: • To celebrate when an evil king named Bali is sent to the underworld
History South India: • To celebrate when Krishna destroyed a demon who caused unhappiness to the people.
History • All stories talk about the victory of good over evil • Reason of Diwali being known as the festival of light
When is it Celebrated? • Calculated according to the moon • 15th day of the Hindu month of Kartik • 20 days after Dusshra or VjayaDashmi
Five Days of Diwali First Day: Dhanteras • Lord Dhanwantari came out of the ocean • Hindus bathe, offer lighted Diya with Prashad to Yama Raj, and pray to Goddess Lakshmi Second Day: NarakChaturdasi • Lord Krishna destroyed the demon • Hindus massage body with oil, bathe and rest.
Five Days of Diwali Third day: Diwali or Lakshmi Puja • Actual day of Diwali • Worship unto Lakshmi is preformed. • Families come together Fourth day: Padwa and Govardhan Puja • Govardhan Puja is performed.
Five Days of Diwali Fifth day: BhaiDhooj • Dedicated to brothers and sisters • In Vedic era, Yama visited his sister and gave her a Vardhan .
Environment • Colorful and Decorative • Diwali Party vs. Home • New Clothing • Jewelry
Clothing • Examples of Clothing that are worn Kurta (Women) Kurta (Men) Indian Suits Saris
Food • Sweets • Prashad • Store-Bought • Delivering to Family • Dinner (main meal)
Rangoli • Art that includes drawing of patterns on the floor • Rangoli designs are made to welcome goddess Lakshmi • Began in Maharshtra • Common themes: Dancing figures, flowers, swastika, human figures, and stars
Rituals at Home • Homes and businesses are decorated • Miniature footprints are represented with rice flour & vermilion powder in all parts of the household • Lamps lit and burn • Women adorned with gold and silver
Kandeel • Lanterns with colourful papers covering wooden framework • Hung in front of homes • Welcomes spirits into homes
NarakChaturdashi • Commemorates triumph of Lord Krishna over demon Naraksura • Hindus get up before sunrise and make ‘blood’ by mixing Kumkum in oil • Oil bath using sandalwood paste
Lakshmi Puja • Small clay diyas are lit to dispel the evil forces • Bhajans sung • Sweets are offered to the goddess
BhaiDhooj • Brothers visit sisters for Bhaiyaduj • Sisters mark the foreheads of the brothers to ensure safety • Brothers give gifts to sisters