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Zeus (king of gods) Hera (marriage, wife of Zeus) Hestia (hearth) Poseidon (sea) Hades (underworld) Demeter (agriculture). Ares (war) Dionysos (wine) Hephaistos (forge) Apollo (sun, music, healing) Artemis (moon, hunting) Athena (wisdom) Aphrodite (love) Hermes (messenger).

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Zeus (king of gods)

Hera (marriage, wife of Zeus)

Hestia (hearth)

Poseidon (sea)

Hades (underworld)

Demeter (agriculture)


Ares (war) Dionysos (wine)

Hephaistos (forge)

Apollo (sun, music, healing)

Artemis (moon, hunting)

Athena (wisdom)

Aphrodite (love)

Hermes (messenger)


If stuff goes wrong…

1. Try sleeping in a temple

2. Consult an oracle (e.g. at Delphi)

3. Consult a magician or a seer (mantis)

Not necessarily a priest (hiereus)


Sacrifices:

1. Food and drink

2. Animals, parts only unless:

a) Sacrifice to heroes

b) Homicide, to appease Erinyes

(Furies)


Or resort to…

Prayer

Supplication/sanctuary


Festivals:

Some specific to phratriai or demoi

Some city festivals e.g. Panathenaia

(summer, Athena Polias) and City

Dionysia (late winter/early spring)

Acropolis


Eleusinian Mysteries

Towards end of summer

Public and secret aspects

Demeter, goddess of agriculture

Persephone, her daughter


Hades, god of the Underworld

Zeus, king of the gods

Plato (d. 348 BC), Republic


Olympia

Olympics (776 BC-at least 261 AD)

Zeus Olympos

Olympiads

Philip II of Macedon (r. 360/359-336 BC)

pankration


Victory, and defeat

Others attending the games

The games and politics


Hesiod (c. 700-670 BC)

Farmer, from Askra in Boiotia

Claims was made a singer by Muses of

Mt Helikon

Theogony

Works and Days


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