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Word formation 1

Word formation 1

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Word formation 1

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  1. Word formation 1 Lesson 7B

  2. CLASSIFYING GRAMMAR

  3. CLASSIFYING MORPHOLOGY

  4. THE OVERALL PICTURE

  5. swim • CONVERSION • when a word changes its word class to swim (verb) a swim (noun)

  6. CONVERSION • to rain rain • to bicycle a bicycle • to cheat a cheat

  7. CNN, NATO • ACRONYMS • initials which are pronounced as single words

  8. ping-pong, teeny-weeny • REDUPLICATION • a lexeme with two identical, or very similar, constituents

  9. motel, brunch, heliport • BLENDING • when a word is made out of shortened forms of other words • BR-eakfast + l-UNCH = BRUNCH

  10. motel heliport mo-tor? + ho-tel heli-copter + air-port BLENDING

  11. gas • CLIPPING • when a word of more than one syllable is reduced to a shorter form gasoline gas

  12. burger deli mike hamburger delicatessen microphone CLIPPING

  13. edit, televise, demo • BACK FORMATION • When a word of one type is reduced to form a word of a different type editor edit

  14. BACK FORMATION • television televise • demonstration demo

  15. Aussie • HYPOCORISM • A longer word is reduced to a single syllable and then -y or -ie is added • Australian Auss + -ie Aussie

  16. HYPOCORISM • moving picture move + ie movie

  17. quack, woof • ONOMATOPEIA • When a word is created to sound like the thing it names

  18. Darwinian • EPONYM • when a word is derived from the name of a person

  19. EPONYMY • Buzz Lightyear is derived from Buzz Aldrin the astronaut • Garibaldi biscuits were marketed in England after Garibaldi’s visit (and you can still buy them)

  20. nylon, aspirin • COINAGE • the invention of a totally new word This often occurs with scientific names and trade names of new products

  21. Quiz (1) • vet = clipping • fantabulous = blending (fantastic + fabulous) • Google = coinage (a new invention) • to Google (vb) = conversion from Google (noun) • doc = clipping (from doctor) • zig-zag =reduplication • fahrenheit = eponym

  22. Quiz (2) • ‘Sob!’ = onomatopeia • hankie = hypocorism • AIDS = acronymy • to biograph = back-formation from biography (noun) • infotainment = blending (information + entertainment) • to party = conversion from party (noun)