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Section 2 – Rise of Militarism. Different Ideologies. Capitalism – An economic system in which the means of production and distribution are privately or corporately owned and development is proportionate to the accumulation and reinvestment of profits gained in a free market.

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different ideologies
Different Ideologies
  • Capitalism – An economic system in which the means of production and distribution are privately or corporately owned and development is proportionate to the accumulation and reinvestment of profits gained in a free market.
  • Fascism – Centralization of authority under a dictator, stringent socioeconomic controls, suppression of the opposition through terror and censorship, and typically a policy of belligerent nationalism and racism.
  • Socialism – Planning, producing, and distributing goods is controlled by a central government that seeks equitable distribution of property and labor.
  • Communism –The state plans and controls the economy and a single - often authoritarian - party holds power; state controls are imposed with the elimination of private ownership of property or capital. (ex: a classless society).
different ideologies cow example
Different Ideologies – Cow Example
  • Capitalism – You have two cows. You sell one and buy a bull.
  • Fascism – You have two cows. You give them to the Government, and the Government then sells you some milk.
  • Socialism – You have two cows. The government takes one and gives it to your neighbor.
  • Communism –You have two cows. You give them to the Government, and the Government then gives you some milk.
mussolini in italy
Mussolini in Italy
  • Benito Mussolini:
    • il Duce (Title)
    • Centralizes Power
    • Fascist Dictator Italy (1922-1943)
    • Leader of Fascist Party
    • Italian Empire
rise to power
Rise to Power
  • Fascism:
    • System of Government:
      • Centralization of Authority under a Dictator
      • Stringent Socioeconomic Controls
  • Suppression of Opposition:
  • Through Terror & Censorship
  • Policy of Belligerent Nationalism & Racism
  • Fascisti:
    • Armed Squads: (Political)
    • Terrorize Socialists
  • Fascist Party:
    • Mussolini Forms in 1921
    • Supported by Liberals in Parliament
  • Introduces
    • Strict Censorship
fascist party
Fascist Party
  • Blackshirts:
    • Mussolini Army
    • Color of Uniforms
  • March on Rome
    • October 1921
    • Occupy City
  • Supported by Nationalists
    • Strengthen Italy
  • Businesspeople
    • Opposed Socialists & Communists
power by force
Power by Force
  • Prime Minister:
    • Appointed by King
  • Limits
    • Freedom of Speech
    • Arrested Political Opponents
    • Restricted Voting
  • Imperial Power:
    • 1935
  • Forces sent into Ethiopia
    • Poorly Equipped
    • No Match
  • Lack of Support:
    • U.S. pass Neutrality Act
    • Fascist Countries
    • Aggression would go Unpunished
propaganda
Propaganda
  • ilPopolod'Italia: (The People of Italy)
    • Mussolini founded in 1914
    • Fascist Movement Foundation
  • Propaganda:
    • Supervises:
      • Press
      • Radio
      • Education
  • Films
    • Legend of "Duce":
      • Man who is always Right
      • Could solve all Problems of Politics & Economics
  • Dictatorial Powers:
    • 1926
    • Dissolves Political Parties
ussr bid for power
USSR – Bid for Power
  • Vladimir Lenin:
    • Leader of Bolshevik Revolution 1917
  • Red Army vs. White Army
  • Assassination Attempt
    • Leaves Bullet Lodged in Neck
  • Dies January 1924
    • Suffered 4th Stroke
  • Body put on display in Red Square
  • Work with Capitalist Societies
    • Wanted to eliminate this Bureaucracy
  • Wanted Trotsky(Red Army Leader)
  • Not Stalin
leon trotsky
Leon Trotsky
  • Exiled to Siberia by Nicholas II
    • Introduced to Marxism
    • Allied himself with Lenin during Bolshevik Revolution
  • Lenin’s 2nd in Command
    • Leader of Red Army which recaptured territory from White Army
  • Outmaneuvered by Stalin
    • Exiled to Kazakhstan
    • Soon exiled from entire Soviet Union
    • Fled to Mexico
      • Stalin sends hitmen to kill Trotsky
        • Shoot up house (survives)
        • Ice Pick
  • Not the Man:
    • "Big Headed”
    • Missed Lenin Funeral
  • Wanted World Revolution
stalin emerges
Stalin Emerges
  • Achieving Power:
    • Underhanded Tactics: Secret, Sly, or Deceitful
    • Told Trotsky Wrong Funeral Date
    • Covers up Lenin's Will
    • Advocates 'Socialism in one Country' then World Revolution
  • Argued Opponents were Non-Communist
    • Got them Dismissed
    • Assassinates Enemies
      • Great Purges
        • 30 Million People Die
        • Kills own military leaders
        • Peasants
        • Communists Threats
josef stalin
Josef Stalin
  • Totalitarian State:
    • Government has Complete Control
    • 1927 Government Seizing Private Lands
  • Reorganize into Large State-Run Farms
    • Labor camps
    • 15 million sent by 1933
  • Results:
    • Decreased Food Production
    • Widespread Famine
  • Crushed Opposition:
  • Red Army & Police = NVKD
  • Used to Impose Will
hirohito
Hirohito
  • Emperor of Japn
    • Assumed position after father’s death in 1926
  • Approved war in China
    • Invasion of Manchuria (1931)
    • Pearl Harbor (1941)
  • Appointed Hideki Tojo
    • Prime Minister
militarists in japan
Militarists in Japan
  • Expansion in Asia:
    • Military Leaders Gaining Power
    • During 1920's
  • Military Leaders:
    • Lesson Reliance on Foreign Imports
    • Reduce Western Influence
    • Japanese Expansion in Asia & Pacific
  • Japanese Empire:
    • Control Areas Producing Resources
      • Iron
      • Petroleum
      • Rubber
      • Timber
  • Economy:
    • Struggling
    • Strengthens Militarists Position
japanese expansions
Japanese Expansions
  • Manchuria:
    • Japan Invades
      • 1931
      • Signals Imperialist Ambitions
  • Washington Conference:
    • Begin Rapid Naval Buildup
    • 1934-1935
    • Violates Pledge
nanking massacre
Nanking Massacre
  • Nanking Massacre:
  • 1937 & 1938
  • Massacre 300,000 Civilians
    • Chinese Soldiers
      • Disgraceful
  • Japan Soldiers "Toughen Up”
    • Future Battles
    • Bayonet Practice
    • Decapitations
    • Machine Gun Fire
    • Soaked with Gasoline...Burnt
  • Civilians:
    • Women Young & Old
    • Gang raped then murdered
    • Men murdered
  • Response:
    • Condemned Actions
    • Focused on Hitler in Europe
germany
Germany
  • German Economy:
    • Vulnerable
  • Built on Foreign Capital
    • Loans (America)
    • Depended on Foreign Trade
  • German Industry:
    • Production Levels Fall
    • Workers Laid Off
    • Banks Fail
    • Savings...Gone
    • Inflation
depression
Depression
  • German People:
    • Struggling to Survive
    • Billions for Necessities
    • Cast into Poverty & Misery
  • Look for a Solution...Any Solution
  • Nazi Party
    • Before Depression:
      • Slow Growth
      • Under 100,000 of 60,000,000
  • Tightly Controlled
    • Very Disciplined
    • Fanatics
  • Flag of our struggle 
adolf hitler
Adolf Hitler
  • Beer Hall Putsch:
    • Forcibly take Power
    • Overthrow Young Democracy
    • Failed (Epic Fail)
  • Hitler:
  • Changes Tactics
    • Overthrow it Legally
    • Get Elected
    • Building Nazi "Shadow Government”
    • Replace Democracy
mein kampf
Mein Kampf
  • Mein Kampf: (My Struggle)
    • Written in Prison
    • Restore Germany to Power
    • Militaristic & Anti-Semitic
  • Twin Evils:
    • Communism & Judaism
  • Three Stages:
    • 1st Stage: Re-Armament & Form Alliances
      • Britain & Italy
    • 2nd Stage: Fight France & Eastern Europe Allies
    • 3rd Stage: Destroy Soviet Union
new order
New Order
  • Third Reich: (Third Empire)
    • 1st = Holy Roman Empire (962-1806)
    • 2nd = German Empire (1871-1918)
    • 3rd = Nazis Government (1933-1945)
  • "Coordination”
    • Alignment to Nazis Control
  • Culture
    • Economy
    • Education
    • Law
reichstag
Reichstag
  • Reichstag Fire:
    • Hitler is Chancellor (January 1933)
    • February 27, 1933
  • Reichstag Delegate Powers to Hitler
    • Deal with Crisis
  • Enabling Act:
    • Dictator of Germany
  • Freed of:
    • Legislative Constraints
    • Constitutional Constraints
storm troopers
Storm Troopers
  • Brownshirts: (SA)
    • Nazis Storm Troopers (Crush opposition)
      • Hitler's Private Army
      • Crush Political Opposition
  • Ernst Roehm- First Leader
    • 1931: 70,000
    • 1934: 4.5 million
    • Replace Regular Army
  • Night of Long Knives:
    • 1934 Purge of SA
    • No Longer Needed
    • Military & Businessmen
  • Himmler Spreading Rumors
    • Roehm& Officers
      • Start Socialist Revolution
      • Arrested & Killed
  • SS under Himmler Replaces SA
    • Gruppenfuhrer
    • Answers only to Hitler
hitler takes power
Hitler Takes Power
  • Hitler Achieves Power:
  • Fuehrer (Head of Nazis Party)
  • Dictator of Germany (Emergency Powers)
    • Reichstag Fire
  • President Position Eliminated (Hindenberg Dies 1934)
  • Reich Chancellor (Head of Gov't)
    • Army Swore Oath of Personal Loyalty
  • Title: Fuehrer & Reich Chancellor
  • 1936 Olympics
    • Chance to promoteracialsupremacy
    • Did not thinkthatblacks and jewsshouldparticipate
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mSgx8pzdjWY
jewish hatred
Jewish Hatred
  • Anti-Semitism:
    • Discrimination & Hatred of Jews
    • Becomes Official Government Policy
  • Nuremberg Laws:
    • Passed Nazis Party Rally in 1935
  • Deprive Jews
    • German Citizenship
  • Prohibits Marriage
    • Between Jews & other German's
  • Classified People
    • German = 4 German Grandparents
    • One or two Jewish "Mixed Blood”
  • Kristallnacht:
    • Night of Crystal
    • Night of Broken Glass
reflection
Reflection
  • Which 2 of the 4 groups are the worst? Why?
    • Josef Stalin - Japanese Militarism
    • Benito Mussolini - Adolf Hitler