First Person • first‐person narrative, a narrative or mode of storytelling in which the narrator appears as the ‘I’ recollecting his or her own part in the events related, either as a witness of the action or as an important participant in it. • I walked to the library to get a new book but was disappointed to see the one I wanted was not available.
Second Person • The narrator addresses the reader as “you”. • Not commonly used in literature. • Predominantly used in “how-to” manuals and other types of functional text (directions, recipes, etc.) • First preheat your oven to 350 degrees. Then you pour the cake mix, eggs, butter, and milk into a bowl and mix until smooth.
Third Person Objective • A third person point of view where the narrator can only see the actions of the characters (like a movie camera). • Parker opened the refrigerator, took out a can of Dr. Pepper and then sat down at the kitchen table to do his homework.
Third Person Limited • Third‐person narrative is a mode of storytelling in which the narrator is not a character within the events related, but stands ‘outside’ those events. • In third person limited the narrator can see into the thoughts and feelings of one character. (Harry Potter). • Alice stepped outside and was thrilled to see fresh fallen snow had covered her lawn. She always loved winter and could not wait to run out and make snow angels or start a snowball fight with her kid brother. She smiled to herself at the idea of it all.
Third Person Omniscient • The narrator can see into the thoughts and feelings of all the characters (all-knowing). • Mark was feeing lonely in his new dorm room and miles away his parents were missing him terribly. Carrie on the other hand was thrilled to not be living at home anymore.
Identify the Point of View 1. I carefully took a step forward and was astonished to see that everyone in the room was looking on as Prince Charming took my hand to lead me in our first waltz. a. What is the point of view? b. Change to third person objective. 2. Cinderella realized the clock had struck midnight and the spell would be over. She hurried down the steps and did not notice until much later that she had lost her glass slipper. She dreamed that her Prince might find a way to find her. a. What is the point of view? b. Change to first person.
3. While Cinderella sat helpless and heartbroken locked in the small stone room, her wicked stepmother was exceptionally pleased that the Prince would never know what happened to the mysterious beauty. Meanwhile, Cinderella’s ghastly stepsisters happily fussed with what they would wear if the Prince happened to call on them again. a. What is the point of view? b. Change to third person objective. 4. Cinderella ran down the stairs, lost her slipper, and vanished down the road. The Prince looked on with a bewildered expression and called after her to no avail. a. What is the point of view? b. Change to third person limited.
Your Turn Use the fairy tale Pinocchio to create a scenario for the following points of view: 1. 3rdperson limited 2. 3rdperson omniscient 3. 1stperson narrative 4. 3rdperson objective