Music Therapy . Professional Overview . What is Music Therapy?. Music Therapy is an established healthcare profession that uses music to address physical, emotional, cognitive, and social needs of individuals of all ages. Music Therapist use music to work on non-music goals…. Non-Music Goals….
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Music Therapy is an established healthcare profession that uses music to address physical, emotional, cognitive, and social needs of individuals of all ages. Music Therapist use music to work on non-music goals…
The earliest known writings of the use of music as a healing influence were written during the times of Aristotle and Plato
The 20th century discipline began after World War I and World War II when musicians of all types, went to Veterans hospitals around the country to play for the thousands of veterans suffering both physical and emotional trauma from the wars. The patients' notable physical and emotional responses to music led the doctors and nurses to request the hiring of musicians by the hospitals. It was soon evident that the hospital musicians needed some prior training before entering the facility and so the demand grew for a college curriculum. The first music therapy degree program in the world, founded at Michigan
State University in 1944, celebrated its 50th anniversary in 1994. The American Music Therapy Association was founded in 1998 as a union of the National Association for Music Therapy and the American Association for Music therapy.
There are now many research journals dedicated to the studies of music and its therapeutic value's as well as organizations dedicated to the continued growth of music therapy as a profession.
Journal of Music Therapy
Music Therapy Perspectives
elderly with mental health needs, developmental and learning disabilities, Alzheimer's disease and other aging related conditions
substance abuse problems, brain injuries, physical disabilities, and acute and chronic pain,
mothers in laborWho can benefit from music therapy?
day care treatment centers
agencies serving developmentally disabled persons
community mental health centers
drug and alcohol programs, senior centers
private practiceWhere do Music Therapists work?
-Music classes include Music Theory, Sightsinging, Music History, World Music Cultures, Applied Music Lessons, Ensembles, Intro to String, Wind,
and Percussions Instruments, Class Piano
-Music Therapy classes include: Introduction to Music Therapy, Non-Verbal Communication, Choral Conducting, Psychology of Music, Music Therapy, Guitar, Music Recreational Techniques
-Psychology Courses- Intro to Brain and Behavior, General Psychology, Psychology of Women, etc (psychology electives-enough to complete a minor in psychology)
For music to be truly effective in the healing process it is best if it is performed live. Therefore music therapist’s study guitar as a secondary instrument.
Guitars are portable, easy to carry into any environment (hospitals, schools etc.), and provide great live accompaniment for any piece of music.
For example, if I was working on breathing techniques with a geriatric patient that recently underwent surgery I would not want to “jam out” with Metallica’s Enter Sandman. An early Elvis Presley might be a better choice.
In conclusion, music therapists are continually building their music repertoire to fit specific clientele. For example: I currently have Patsy Cline, The Mama’s and the Papa’s, Hendrix, The Carpenters, Brittany Spears in my selectionWhere’s the Music Cont.
For more information about music therapy please visit:
The College of Music website www.music.fsu.edu
American Music Therapy Association
Please visit Sarah Quinney’s webpage and view her powerpoint about sign language garnet.acns.fsu.edu/~shq03/musictech
Music Therapist use non-verbal communication (such as sign language) to communicate with special populations.