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3.1 The Indo-Europeans

3.1 The Indo-Europeans

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3.1 The Indo-Europeans

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  1. 3.1 The Indo-Europeans Indo-Europeans migrate into Europe, India, and Southwest Asia and interact with peoples living there.

  2. Indo-Europeans Migrate • Characteristics of Indo-Europeans • ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ • May have come from the steppes—dry grasslands north of the Caucasus mountains

  3. Indo-Europeans Migrate • The Indo-European Language Family • Language ancestral to many modern languages of Europe and Asia • ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ • Language groups settled in different areas

  4. Indo-Europeans Migrate • An Unexpected Migration • 1700-1200 B.C.E. ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ (visual)

  5. The Hittite Empire • The Hittites Arrival • A ________________________________________________ • Take control of Anatolia (Asia Minor) around 2000 B.C.E. • ____________________________________________________________________________________________________

  6. The Hittite Empire • Hittites Adopt and Adapt • ____________________________________________________________________________________________________ • Chariots and Iron Technology • ____________________________________________________________________________________________________ • Empire falls around 1190 B.C.E. after attacks from northern tribes. Hittite Chariots

  7. Aryans Transform India • The Aryan People • ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ • Sacred writings, the Vedas, reveal much of their culture

  8. Aryans Transform India • A Caste System Develops • __________________________________________________ • Four castes, or groups based on occupation, develop • ____________________________ ( -------------) • Warriors • ______________________________________ • Peasants • _______________________________________________ • Hundreds of subgroups arise later

  9. Aryans Transform India • Aryan Kingdoms Arise • Aryans extend settlements to other river valleys • Small Kingdoms arise • Magadha kingdom unites all and spreads across India by 100 B.C.

  10. Aryans Transform India • Aryan Kingdoms Arise • Epic Mahabharata reflects _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________