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The U.S.Constitution. Overview. Origins of the Constitution Constitutional Principles and Provisions Ways to Amend the U.S. Constitution Elements of the Constitution and its amendments. Overview. Describe John Locke ’ s general principles and provisions embodied in the Constitution

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overview
Overview
  • Origins of the Constitution
  • Constitutional Principles and Provisions
  • Ways to Amend the U.S. Constitution
  • Elements of the Constitution and its amendments
overview3
Overview
  • Describe John Locke’s general principles and provisions embodied in the Constitution
  • List ways to amend the US Constitution
  • List the five parts of the Declaration of Independence
origins of the constitution
Origins of theConstitution
  • Philosophical Ideas
    • John Locke
    • The Federalist Papers
    • Declaration of Independence
    • Articles of Confederation
    • Shays’ Rebellion
    • The Great Compromise
    • Ratification debate
origins of the constitution5
Origins of theConstitution
  • The Declaration of Independence
    • Introduction – “When in the course of human events..”
    • Preamble – “We hold these truths to be self-evident..”
    • Body – “long train of abuses and Usurpations…”
    • Body II – We’ve requested help…..
    • Conclusion – “these United Colonies, are and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States…”
constitutional principles and provisions
Constitutional Principles and Provisions
  • Federalism
  • Enumerated Powers
  • Separation of Powers/Checks and Balances
ways to amend the u s constitution
Ways to Amend theU.S. Constitution
  • The Proposal Process
    • By the Congress with a two-thirds majority vote in both the House of Representatives and the Senate
    • By a constitutional convention called for by two-thirds of the State legislatures.
      • None of the 27 amendments to the Constitution have been proposed by constitutional convention.
ways to amend the u s constitution8
Ways to Amend theU.S. Constitution
  • The Ratification process
    • A proposed amendment becomes part of the Constitution as soon as it is ratified by three-fourths of the States (38 of 50 States).
    • A proposed amendment may also be ratified by a special conventions called by three-fourths of the States.
      • The 21st Amendment is the only one that has been adopted in this manner.
    • However, Congress has the power to decide which method of ratification will be used
elements of the constitution and its amendments
Elements of the Constitution and its amendments
  • First 10 Amendments to the Constitution – The Bill of Rights
  • Preamble
  • Articles
  • Other Amendments
bill of rights
Bill of Rights
  • First ten amendments to the Constitution
constitution
Constitution
  • Preamble
    • We the people of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquillity, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America
elements of the constitution and its amendments12
Elements of the Constitution and its amendments
  • First 10 Amendments to the Constitution – The Bill of Rights
  • Preamble
  • Articles
  • Other Amendments
summary
Summary
  • Origins of the Constitution
  • Constitutional Principles and Provisions
  • Ways to Amend the U.S. Constitution
  • Elements of the Constitution and its amendments