Fulcrums of EvilInter Services Intelligence of Pakistan: An Introduction M.K.Dhar
Geo Div has been practically working under supervision of the ISI. Under this cover ISI posts are run along Indian border. Pakistan’s Intelligence and Security edifices • Federal Intelligence Agencies: • Intelligence Bureau • Ehtasab (Accountability) Bureau >Nawaz’s Ehtasab Cell. • Ministry of Defence: • Inter Services Intelligence • Inter Services Public Relations • Army: • Military Intelligence • Special Services Group (1953-54) • Surveyor General of Pakistan (Geographical Division) • Ministry of Interior: • Federal Investigation Agency • Narcotics Control Division In 2005 a part of the Ehtasab Bureau has been brought under JIB of the ISI
Inter-Services Intelligence • Formed in 1948 at the initiative of Major General Cawthorne, Deputy Chief of Pakistan army and Major General Rees, chief of Indo-Pakistan Border force. • Motivation provided by British Home and Foreign Offices. • Until military takeover in 1958, ISI worked as part of MI and reported through the Army Chief. ISI was basically formed under UK supervision as a wing of military intelligence to serve UK’s strategic ops in Afghanistan, Central Asia part of USSR and West China. ISI HQ located next to Kashmir Highway, a gray building skirted by Jinnah Stadium, Rose Garden, Gool Market, Sitara market, about 5 KM from Islamabad Dawn Office. Two other offices at Warid Market and Constitution Avenue
Available chronology of leadership • Brig. Riazat Hussain 1958 onwards • Lt. Gen. Ghulam Jillani Khan1969 to early years of Zia. • Lt. Gen. Akhtar Abdur Rahman Zia regime till 3/87. • Lt. Gen. Hamid Gul March 87-May 89 • Lt. Gen. (Retd) Shamsur Rahman Kallue May 1989-8/90 • Maj. Gen. Assad DurraniAug 1990-March 1992 • Lt. Gen. Javed Nasir March 1992-May ’93. • Lt. Gen. Javed Ashraf Kazi May 93-June 1994 • Lt. Gen. Nasim Raja June 1994-96 • Lt. Gen. Ziauddin1996-sacked by Musharraf in 1999 Retirement benefits frozen • Lt. Gen. Mohammad Ahmad 1999- Dismissed by Musharraf after 9/11 on USA prompting • Lt. Gen. Ehsan-ul-Haq Oct 2001-Oct 2004. Was posted in Delhi as Counsellor. • Lt. Gen. Ashfaq KiyaniOct 2004…April 2006 14. Lieutenant General Muhammad Zakki. April 2006 - Present
Known Functional Branches of ISI • Joint Counterintelligence Bureau (JCIB) • Joint Intelligence Signal Bureau (JISB) • Joint Intelligence Bureau (JIB)- Internal matters • Joint Intelligence Finance (JIF) • Joint Intelligence Technical (JIT) • Joint Arms Direction Group (JADG)- Military Exercises, procurement of hardware from U/C sources, evaluation of joint exercises • Joint Intelligence Miscellaneous (JIM)- India in General and other foreign operations • Joint Intelligence North (JIN)-Kashmir, Afghan and Central Asian Bureaus. • Foreign Liaison Section (FLS)- Liaison with friendly foreign intelligence services. • Inter Services Federal Intelligence (ISFI)-supplements intelligence of the provincial governments. Tool of political interference. • Public & Services Group (P&SG)- It functions in close liaison with Chiefs of Staff Committee and maintains media liaison. • Joint Intelligence X (JIX)- Top-secret depository of the ISI encompassing operational matters and coordination between other operational bureaus. • A NEW DIVISION HAS BEEN OPENED IN 2005 IN JIX TO EXCLUSIVELY DEAL WITH VIP SECURITY-PRACTICALLY PRESIDEN’S SECURITY. PRESENT IN CHARGE IS BRIG. SHAHID MIRZA.
Three New posts of Deputy Directors General-Political and two each for DDGE-I and DDGE-II have been appointed in 2004. Divisional Joint Directors have been increased to 8. Tanzeem Operations are now with JIX-within JIX Kashmir Bureau. However coordination with JIN and JIM Continue. *Explain Tanzeem Operations. Core Structure of The ISI Director General ISI • Specific Bureaus like Afghan Bureau, Central Asian Bureau, South East Asian Bureau, South Asian Bureau etc. • Specific mention-S and L divisions of JIM. These handle sensitive forward specific operations in India. Div Q coordinates Tanzeem operations in India. Deputy Director General-Political Deputy Director General-External I Deputy Director General-External II Divisional Joint Directors Territorial Joint Directors
ISI Intervention In India Along Historical and Generated Fault Lines • Historical fault Lines- Kashmir, Nagaland, Mizoram, Tripura, Religious and Ethnolinguistic Problems etc • Generated Fault Lines- Punjab, Assam, Agrarian Unrest (Naxal) etc Operational Targets
Annotation On Hyderistan Mian Kifayet Ali-1930, Silsila-i-Jamait-I-Vahdat Umam Islam. Followed Turkish scholars, revival of Caliphate Ideology. • Hydera Republic in India • North-East Pakistan (Added later in 1945) • Muhammadia Republic in Bengal & Assam • Islamistan in Muslim North West • Surya Republic-Syria, Jordan, Palestine • Sinusia Republic-Tunisia, Algeria, Libya and Morocco • Azarya Republic-Azarbijan, Dagestan, Chechnya, Crimea • Balkan Areas • Turanian Republic (Eastern & Western Turkistan) • Aqsa Republic-Xinjiang Province of China • Barghasia Republic- Muslim East Africa • Java Republic-Modern Nausetara Raya.
Classification of ISI Operations in India • Home based Operations • High Commission/Diplomatic Mission Based Operations • Third Country Based ISI Operations • Operations Through Religious Tanzeems • Operations Through Friendly Jihadists of Third Countries • Operations Using Third Country Intelligence Agencies
Operational Methodology • Shallow Penetration Trans-border Operations • Deep Penetration Itinerary Operations • Long Term Residents • Short Term Residents • Sleeper Long Term Cells • Specific Sabotage and Subversion Operations Against Primed Targets. • Operations Through Cloned Tanzeem Cells in Collaboration with Home Based Tanzeems. • Exploitation of Underworld Mafia.
Subversion of Indian Muslims- JIM And JIX Manoeuvres • Infiltration of Major Religious Institutes • Garlanding Bond Between Religious Schools of Pakistan India and Bangladesh—Wahhabi, Deobandi, Ahl-e-Hadith, Tabligh-i-Jammat. Jamait-e-Islami, Barelvi, Firangi Mahalli, Nadwatul and some other Sectarian Sunni Organisations. • Replication of Pakistani Jihadist Tanzeems In India • Penetration By Saudi And Other Arab NGOs Directly or Through Pakistani Tanzeems • Cloning of Militant and Affiliate Armed Groups of Pakistani and Bangladeshi Tanzeems • Proliferation of Secret Modules of Al Qaeda al Sulbah, Jaish-e-Muhammad, Lashkar-e-Tayeba, HUJI and JUM etc Tanzeems • Influencing the Underworld Mafia • Export of the Concept of Jihad as a Means to Islmaicise India to Achieve Ultimate Political Goals. December 13 2001
OP Mod OP • Qly Int estimate by ISI. • Selection of target areas and target places • Entrust retired officers to interact with selected tanzeem • Contact Indian tanzeem • Safe houses, routes, logistics supplies • Survey, priming, dry running • Manufacturing, planting and dispersals. Active Pakistan Inspired Tanzeems –All India Spectrum • Jamait Ahl-e-Hadith • Jamait-e-Islami • Al Sunnah • Harkat-ul-Jihad Islami India • Lashkar-e-Tayeba Hind • Jais-e-Mohammad Hind • SIMI • Harkat-ul-Mujahideen Hind • Jamia Al Salafia- a group of Al Qaeda al Sulbah.
Qly Int Estimate by ISI. Total Controlled Ops: Tasking and Area and Target selection by JIX and JIM. Tanzeem selection by Ex-Officio operators. Tanzeems tasked to breed cells and modules in target location with help from existing and converted Indian Tanzeems. Dates, manners, and hardware dictated by ISI. Southern Groups • Muslim Defence Force (Abu Hamza-Soudi Arabia)-Specific to South India-AP, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Coastal Karnataka • Indian Muslim Mohammedia Mujahideen- Azam Ghori. Ahl-e-Hadith Link. AP, Karnataka, Tamilnadu • Al Ummah-S. A. Basha; Lashkar Link-AP, Karnataka, TN • Deendar Anjuman-Hazrat Moulana Syed Siddique Kibla-AP, Karnataka, TN • Muslim Munnetra Kazhagam-TN • Islamic Service Society –Kerala • National Development Front-Kerala • Muslim National Development Front-Kerala • People’s Democratic Party-Kerala • All India Jihad Committee-Kerala • Popular Front of India, Umbrella org. of Karnataka For Dignity, Manitha Neethi Pasarai (TN) and NDF (Kerala). Suspected involvement in recent disturbance at Udipi.
Other Parts Of India • Jamait-ul-Mujahideen (WB & Assam) • HUJI (WB & Assam, Jharkhand, Bihar, Delhi, Southern Peninsula, Maharashtra) • JMJ (WB, Assam) • L-e-T, Jaish-e-Muhammad. HuM Cells in Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Gujarat, Maharashtra, AP, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu. • Islamic Liberation Army of Assam • Muslim Liberation Army-Assam • Muslim Liberation Front-Assam • Muslim Liberation Tigers of Assam • Muslim Security council of Assam • Muslim United Liberation Front of Assam • Muslim United liberation Tigers of Assam • Revolutionary Muslim Commando Force • United Muslim Liberation Front of Assam • United Islamic Liberation Army, NE Minority Front, Indigenous People’s Revolutionary Alliance (Manipur)
Intelligence Encirclement of India Nepal Base • Embassy Based Operations • Operations By Embassy Based and Housed Home Based Operators Amongst Punjab and Kashmir Terrorists. Conduit to North East Terrorist Groups • Direct Operations in India by Housed Home Based and Embassy Based Operators • Infiltration of the Nepalese Muslims: Jamia Mohammadia-Tulsipur, Jamia Siraj-ul-Uloom,-Boundhiyar, Jamiatul Banatun Salehat, Jamia Ittehad-e-Millat, Darul-Uloom-Fazi-e-Rahamniya • Jamait-Ahl-e-Hadith Nepal • Jamait-i-Islami Nepal • Nepal Muslim Yuva Samity • Jammat-e-Millat-e-Islam • Nepal Muslim Ittehad Association etc.
Other Frontal Organisations of ISI Operations In Nepal • Sachal Engineering Company (Pvt) Ltd • East-West Finance And Leasing • Nepal Bangladesh Bank-International Finance Investment & Commercial Bank of BD • Nepal Arab Bank-National Bank Ltd, BD • Nepal Investment Bank-Islamic Financial Forum, Turkey • Bank of Kathmandu- D Company • Nepal BD Finance & Leasing Company • D Company Financed Cable Network
Bangladesh---Base Of Operation and Collaboration • ISI main location at Gulshan PHC, sub locations at CHT, Sylhet, Jessore, Satkhira • Independent Operational Bases at Dhaka, Mymensingh, Jessore, Chattagram, Sylhet, Rajshahi, Pabna • Historic Legacy of East Bengal/East Pakistan-Slight Elaboration • Collaboration with DGFI, DGNSI, BDR, RAB etc. • Collaboration with Armed Forces
Growth of Jihadist Tanzeems And In Bangladesh • Jamait-e-Islami---Motiur Nizami Rahman • Islamic Chhatra Shibir—Affiliated To World Assembly Muslim Youth **Nurul Islam Bulbul, Md. Nazrul Islam • Islami Oikyo Jote---Maulana Amini • Harkat-ul-Jihad-al-Islami—Sawkat Osman aka Sheikh Farid • Jihad Movement of Bangladesh---Fazlul Rahman, Signed Osama Declaration 1998 Along With Others • J-e-I Stalwart. Had Opposed Mukti Bahini • Jagrato Muslim Janata-aka Bangla Bhai. • Jamait-ul-Mujahideen BD. • Shahadat-I-Alam-al-Hiqma—Syed Kawsar Hussain-HUA & Al Qaeda Link, Afghan Veteran Hijbut Tehrir BD • Ahl-e-Hadith Movement BD—a) Prof. Mohammad Rezaul Karim, b) Dr. Asadullah Ghalib
Main BD Tanzeems Collaborating With ISIand DGFI • Jamiat-ul-Mujahideen---Shaik Abdul Rahman • Saudi-Pak Trained, Jamait-ul-Mujahideen, Bangla Bhai • Jamait-ul-Jihad, Ahl-e-Hadith Groups • Harkat-ul-Jihad, Remnants of Wahhabis, Khaksara and Ahrars. • Hizbut Tawhid • Islamic Jubo Sangha, Islamic Chhatro Shibir • HizbutTehrir • Al-Harkat-al-Islamia • Tahfize Haramaine Parishad +15 others+RSO Units • Harkat-ul-Jiahd BD. • Units of Let and Jais established in BD since 2004.
Arab Funding From: Saudi Red Crescent Society,Rabita, International Islamic Relief Org, World Assembly of Muslim Youth, Al Wafa Humanitarian Foundation, Al Rajih Islamin Banking Corp, Dalla Al Barak Group and Al Taqwa. Operational Methodology • Funding From : • Al Haramain Islamic Foundation • Muslim World League (Rabita) • Markaz-al-Dawa-al-Irshad • Jaish-e-Mohammad • Lashkar-e-Tayeba • Benevolence International Organisation • Bin Laden Front. • Al Fuzaira. • Khairul Ansar Al Khairia • Daulatatul Kuwait • Revival of Islamic Heritage Society • Doulatatul Bahrain • Total Fund Estimated—Taka 20 crore Yearly • BD divided into 16 Divisions. District Nizams • Madrasas---65,000 • New Mosques--- 25,000 • Internal Generation of Fund 18000 cr. Per Year through Investment in Different sectors.
Joint ISI And DGFI Camps For IndianRebel Groups Chittagong Hill Tracts • Ukhia—3 Camps For ULFA, NLFT, MEITI Groups • Ukhia—2 Camps For RSO • Naikhongchhari, Bandarban, Amabasyapur, Fatikchhari,Dewanbari. Maschari, Gandachari, Rajarbil, Kaptaimukh,Khagrachari, Teknaf, Khagrachari Sylhet Sunamganj, Nurpur, Ghilachera, Shaistaganj, Brahman Bazar, Daulatpur, Srimangal, Maulvi Bazar, Habiganj. Mymensingh Area Tangail, Netrakona, Nandipur, Kendua Foothills, Jogania,Malidurga, Sherpur North Bangladesh Biswanath, Sonarai, Dakshin Tutupara, Nij Gadamari, Maliani, Kurigram, Madhyam Kadma, Singria
Briefly Mention about recent S. Waziri peace accord, transfer of Al Qaeda to POK, Miranshah areas, Recent involvement with Al Qaeda, Accommodation to Uyghur, Uzbek, Chechen rebels in Waziri, NWEP camps. Brief Mention Of Global Operations • Afghan Operations • Involvement in Europe- Bosnia-Herzegovina, Kosovo, • Dagestan, Georgia, Chechnya, Ingushetia • Central Asia: Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan • Western China-Xinziang Uyghur Autonomous Region • South East Asia: Myanmar, South Thailand, Indonesia, The Philippines, Southern Cambodia • Proof of Involvement in 9/11 Incident • Fresh involvements in acts of terrorism in Spain, UK, Germany and US and DGFI
Chadhary Rahamat Ali’sNow or NeverDINIA Concept-1937 • Bangistan. • Pakistan • Osmanistan & • Dependencies
Eastern & Northern Corridor • These are points of infiltration, nestling and and operation
Western and SouthernCorridor These are routes of infiltration, Nestling and operation
THE EASTERN FULCRUM • INTELLIGENCE EDIFICE OF BANGLADESH • A. DIRECTORATE GENERAL FORCES INTELLIGENCE (DGFI) • B. MILITARY INTELLIGENE(INCLUDE MI, BAI, BNI) • C. NATIONAL SECURITY INTELLIGENCE (NSI) • D. PRESIDENT’S BODY GUARD (PGI) • E. RAPID ACTION BATTALION (RAB) • F. BANGLADESH RANGERS. • G. CRIMINAL INTELLIGENCE
DGFI • DGFI WAS CREATED BY GEN. ZIAUR RAHMAN IN 1977 FIRST DG WAS BRIG. RABIUL ISLAM ZIAUR WAS A CRACK OFFICER OF PAK ARMY, EARNED DISTINCTION IN KHEMKARAN WAR HE DID A STINT WITH THE ISI BETWEEN 67-68. • PRESENT INCUMBENT: MAJOR GENERAL SADIQ HUSSAIN RUMI • HIS NUMBER II BRIG. AZAM MIR S/O GOLAM AZAM JEI WAS REMOVED AROUND 15th JANUARY 2007 AFTER HIS COLLUSION WITH TAREQ ZIA TO SABOTAGE ELECTION AND KILLING OF BIHARIS IN ASSAM CAME TO LIGHT. HE WAS REPLACED BY BRIG. BARI.
DGFI ORG. • DGFI IS LOCATED AT BNS MOHSIN AT GULSHAN, DHAKA. DIVISIONS: 1. INTERNAL: POLITICAL DIVISION 2. EXTERNAL :SEA DIVISION (MYANMAR SPECIAL MENTION) 3. FAR EAST AND PACIFIC DIVISION (SPECIAL MENTION CHINA BUREAU) 4. SAARC DIVISION 5. INDIA DIVISION I, DEALS WITH INDIA DESK 6. INDIA DIVISION II, DEALS WITH MISCELLANEOUS SUBJECTS. 7. DIVISION WEST (PAK, AFGHAN BUREAUS) 8. ME DIVISION 9. CAR DIVISION 10. SPECIAL SIGNALS DIV. 11. SPECIAL OPS DIV. (INDIA BUREAU 12. DIVISION X 13. ISPR DIV 14. JOINT FINANCE AND OPS APPRISAL.
DGFI’S TANZEEM CONNECTIONDGFI’S TANZEEM CONNECTION1. Jamait-e-Islami2. Islamic Chhatra Shibir3. Harkat ul Jihad al Islami4. Jamait ul Mujahideen Bangladesh5. Bangla Bhai6. Ahl-e-Hadis Movement Bangladesh7. Jihad Movement Bangladesh8. Hijbut Tehrir9. Lashkar e Tayeba BD10. Lashkar Jihad e Bangla.There are about 32 active Islamist Tanzeems in Bangladesh. DGFI normally uses these Tanzeems for operations in India.
INTERNAL FUNCTIONS • A. LIAISON WITH MI, OTHER DEFENCE WINGS AND NSI ETC WINGS. • DIVISIONAL AND DISTRICT UNITS • POLITICAL DESKS • BORDER, MARITIME AND COASTAL INTELLIGENCE IN COPERATION WITH BDR, RAB ETC FORCES. • B. LIAISON WITH JIHADI TANZEEMS • C. LIAISON WITH INDIAN AND MYANMAR INSURGENT GROUPS
DGFI ISI NEXUS • ZIAUR MODELLED DGFI AFTER ISI • INITIAL TRAINING AT ISLAMABAD, QUETTA AND HIGH ALTITUDE WARFARE CENTRE AT GILGIT. COMMODORE (RETD)AMINUL HAQ, ISI STATION CHIEF IN E. PAK HELPED INITIAL ORGANISATION. • TRAINED WITH ISI AT HARVEY POINT DEFENCE TESTING ACTIVITY, HERTFORD, N, CAROLINA. • PERIODICAL DEPUTAION TO ISI FOR ADVANCED TRAINING. • GROUP OF 6 TO 10 DEPUTED EVERY YEAR TO LANGLEY AND BAKER STREET TRG CENTRES OF THE CIA AND MI5 AND MI6.
DGFI TANZEEM NEXUS • ZIAUR BROUGHT BACK GOLAM AZAM AND OTHER JEI LEADERS FROM PAK • CIA, ISI INFLUENCES ZIAUR TO RECRUIT JAHDIS FRO AFGHAN JIHAD • GOLAM AZAM AND OTHERS HELP DGFI TO RAISE 10,000 ODD JIHADIS FROM BANGLA INCLUDING SOME ROHINGYA ELEMENTS. FLOWN TO KARACHI FROM COX’S BAZAAR. • CIA, ISI USE BD TERRITORY TO TRANSHIFT SEA JIHADIS TO PAKISTAN • FEBRUARY 23, 1998 OSAMA LAUNCHES WORLD ISLAMIC FRONT FOR JIAHD AGAINST THE JEWS AND THE CRUSADERS. FAZLUL RAHMAN, LEADER OF JIHAD MOVEMENT BANGLADESH WAS A SIGNATORY • FAZLUL RAHMAN IS THE SCION OF BANGLA JEI. IT IS THE FOUNTAIN HEAD OF MOST JIHADIST TANZEEMS IN BANGLA