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Batteries & Fuel Cells A history in pictures 1771-1800: The Galvani-Volta Controversy Luigi Galvani “Animal Electricity” Alessandro Volta 1800: The First Battery (Voltaic Pile)

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batteries fuel cells

Batteries & Fuel Cells

A history in pictures

1771 1800 the galvani volta controversy
1771-1800: The Galvani-Volta Controversy

Luigi Galvani “Animal Electricity”

Alessandro Volta

1800 the first battery voltaic pile
1800: The First Battery (Voltaic Pile)

1801: Volta presenting his battery to Napoleon.

1800 fathers of electrolysis
1800: Fathers of Electrolysis

Anthony Carlisle

WilliamNicholson

Johann Ritter

In 1800, electrolysis was discovered a few months after Volta’s battery.

It seems the discovery was simultaneously made by Nicholson & Ritter

in England and by Ritter in Silesia (now Poland) .

1821 the first electric motor 1835 the first bev battery electric vehicle
1821: The First Electric Motor1835: The First BEV (Battery Electric Vehicle)

Michael Faraday

Sibrandus Stratingh

1836 the grove battery and the daniel battery
1836: The Grove Battery and the Daniel Battery

John F. Daniel

Daniell’s Battery

Grove’s Battery

Grove’s Battery provided more power than Volta’s battery but leaked poisonous gas. Daniel’s battery was safer and was used in the first telegraphs.

1838 backwards electrolysis
1838: Backwards Electrolysis

Christian Friedrich Schönbein

1859 the lead battery is invented 1887 the first full scale electric car
1859: The Lead battery is invented1887: The first full-scale electric car

Gaston Plante

Lead-Acid Battery

1888: Morrison’s electric car ran on 24 lead-acid battery cells. Here it is shown at a Des Moines parade.

1889 improved fuel cell 1897 electric taxis 1901 nickel iron rechargeable battery edison battery
1889: Improved Fuel Cell1897: Electric Taxis 1901: Nickel-Iron Rechargeable Battery (Edison Battery)

Mond & Langer’s Fuel Cell

1910: The Edison Battery is tried in a automobile

NY Electric Taxi

1959 the alkali fuel cell 1967 first fuel cell vehicle
1959: The Alkali Fuel Cell1967: First Fuel Cell Vehicle

1965: A U.S. Army soldier operates a portable drillpowered by an alkali fuel cell.

Francis Thomas Bacon with his Alkali Fuel cell.

Karl Kordesch rides his alkali fuel cell motorbike.

1961 1969 the apollo project
1961-1969:The Apollo Project

Fuel cells are used to power the spacecraft computers and life-support systems because they are safer than nuclear and smaller than solar. The astronauts drink the water that is produced from the electrolysis.

references
References
  • http://dbhs.wvusd.k12.ca.us/Gallery/Gallery0.html pictures of scientists
  • http://www.eere.energy.gov/hydrogenandfuelcells/fuelcells/fc_types.html types of fuel cells
  • http://www.corrosion-doctors.org/Biographies/GroveBio.htm sir william grove
  • http://chem.ch.huji.ac.il/~eugeniik/history/nicholson.html willliam nicholson
  • http://inventors.about.com/library/weekly/aacarselectric2a.htm history of BEVs
  • http://americanhistory.si.edu/fuelcells/phos/pafcmain.htm fuel cell history