Batteries & Fuel Cells A history in pictures 1771-1800: The Galvani-Volta Controversy Luigi Galvani “Animal Electricity” Alessandro Volta 1800: The First Battery (Voltaic Pile)
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A history in pictures
Luigi Galvani “Animal Electricity”
1801: Volta presenting his battery to Napoleon.
In 1800, electrolysis was discovered a few months after Volta’s battery.
It seems the discovery was simultaneously made by Nicholson & Ritter
in England and by Ritter in Silesia (now Poland) .
John F. Daniel
Grove’s Battery provided more power than Volta’s battery but leaked poisonous gas. Daniel’s battery was safer and was used in the first telegraphs.
Christian Friedrich Schönbein
Sir William Grove
1888: Morrison’s electric car ran on 24 lead-acid battery cells. Here it is shown at a Des Moines parade.
Mond & Langer’s Fuel Cell
1910: The Edison Battery is tried in a automobile
NY Electric Taxi
1965: A U.S. Army soldier operates a portable drillpowered by an alkali fuel cell.
Francis Thomas Bacon with his Alkali Fuel cell.
Karl Kordesch rides his alkali fuel cell motorbike.
Fuel cells are used to power the spacecraft computers and life-support systems because they are safer than nuclear and smaller than solar. The astronauts drink the water that is produced from the electrolysis.