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Wine & Environment, salient caracters and first results the French experience. Jean-Baptiste Traversac, French National Agronomy Research Institute (INRA SAD-APT Paris). Wine and sustainability. expertise on Vine & Wine biotechnics ~ coordination of 25 programs

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wine environment salient caracters and first results the french experience

Wine & Environment, salient caracters and first resultsthe French experience

Jean-Baptiste Traversac,

French National Agronomy Research Institute (INRA SAD-APT Paris)

JB Traversac, Cal-Med Meeting - Sonoma, oct 2007

wine and sustainability
Wine and sustainability

expertise on Vine & Wine biotechnics

~ coordination of 25 programs

- Vine & EnvironementC. Compagnone

- Integrated Pest ManagementA. Pugin, G. Sentenac, & al

- Virus Insect Vectors E. Boudon-Padieu, X.Daire

- Soil Research G. Trouche

works on economics

  • Industrial organisation
  • Wine market regulation(self-governance & public policyin the AOC)
  • Local networks organisation
  • diverse reports for:
  • the strategic planning of the research networks for the vineyard of the north-est of France (CRECEP/RVVS)
  • a european project (FORESCENE)
  • first results of a work on the environmental policy in thefrench vineyard

JB Traversac, Cal-Med Meeting - Sonoma, oct 2007

slide3

An expertise for a european project FORESCENE : making scenario for the sustainable development of rural areain agriculture

  • Focal issue and area of expertiseA biotechnic and Economic expertise
  • Long terms sustainability goal and targetsThe Renewal of local Agro-Food Systems Network’s
  • Key scenarios elements for a sustainable developementProspective Vines and Wines – Scenarios for Research and actors
  • Key possible instruments and measuresA suggestion

JB Traversac, Cal-Med Meeting - Sonoma, oct 2007

environnemental impacts
Environnemental impacts
  • The pest disease management probleminterogations about the viability of the pest dependant crop systems & healths consequences
  • Viticulture use 50 % of the total weigth of pesticide for 3 % of the crop area(25OOO tons/year)

data colected by the French agricultural departement & the industry union of pesticide producers

JB Traversac, Cal-Med Meeting - Sonoma, oct 2007

dispersion of pest applications
Dispersion of pest applications

Lucas P & al., INRA 2004

JB Traversac, Cal-Med Meeting - Sonoma, oct 2007

consequences
Consequences
  • Health impact : for the producers, numerous studies about relation between use of pesticide (generaly wihtout care) and some severe deseases (e.g. on the children fertility, cancer rate, etc….)
  • Water quality : difficulty to respect the directive EEC 80-778 & the directive cadre on water (2000/60/EC)

The problems are very localised due to the limited wine area

JB Traversac, Cal-Med Meeting - Sonoma, oct 2007

slide7

RUM (m)

100 m.

Scale - * 10 years

-0.02

-0.04

-0.06

0.9 mm.an-1

-0.08

-0.1

-0.12

-0.14

-0.16

-0.18

-0.2

-0.22

-0.24

-0.26

-0.28

1.2 mm.an-1

-0.3

0.9 mm.an-1

2.2 mm.an-1

1.4 mm.an-1

chemin

1 mm.an-1

drain

1.2 mm.an-1

Brenot et al., 2004

Quantification and spatialisation of erosionphenomenon on the burgundy coast

Root Unearthing Method = RUM

133 000 ceps

mesurés

JB Traversac, Cal-Med Meeting - Sonoma, oct 2007

slide8

erosion/transit/sedimentation

key questions on the ability to preserve the soil patrimony

Montainside dynamic

JB Traversac, Cal-Med Meeting - Sonoma, oct 2007

environmental impact factor s of the wine industry
Environmental impact factor’s of the wine industry
  • Farms sustainability index (IDEA):

direct survey(IDEA)

structural (AC) & financial survey (RICA)(IDERICA)

JB Traversac, Cal-Med Meeting - Sonoma, oct 2007

Girardin P. & al., INRA 2004

slide10

Biodiversity: can we conclude with a structural index?

Score on the biodiversity of wine farms

JB Traversac, Cal-Med Meeting - Sonoma, oct 2007

Girardin P. & al., INRA 2004

biodiversity in viticultural farms a specific entry
Biodiversity in viticultural farms: a specific entry
  • Random sexual reproduction→ exclusively by wood except for specific program creation of new variety is stoped (resistant variety or new table grappe variety)

low inter ~ 0, but high intra and studies show that - genetic varity in grape is in regression

- association with neighbours species could be rich of insect

  • Quality signal based on variety → 8 major varieties (~ 45% french wineyard )
  • Huge diversity in collection and in different vineyards in almost all EU

JB Traversac, Cal-Med Meeting - Sonoma, oct 2007

pest management pertinence of a financial index
Pest management: pertinence of a financial index ?

Score on the use of pesticide of wine farms

JB Traversac, Cal-Med Meeting - Sonoma, oct 2007

Girardin P. & al., INRA 2004

soil protection
Soil protection

Score on the soil protection of wine farms

JB Traversac, Cal-Med Meeting - Sonoma, oct 2007

Girardin P. & al., INRA 2004

water use
Water use

Score on the use of water of wine farms

JB Traversac, Cal-Med Meeting - Sonoma, oct 2007

Girardin P. & al., INRA 2004

social implication
Social implication

Score on the social implication of wine farms

JB Traversac, Cal-Med Meeting - Sonoma, oct 2007

Girardin P. & al., INRA 2004

collective work
Collective work

Score on the job creation of wine farms

JB Traversac, Cal-Med Meeting - Sonoma, oct 2007

Girardin P. & al., INRA 2004

subsidies sensibility
Subsidies sensibility

Score on the use of subsidies of wine farms

JB Traversac, Cal-Med Meeting - Sonoma, oct 2007

Girardin P. & al., INRA 2004

sustainable development of agriculture a place for a specific farm census
Sustainable development of agriculture: a place for a specific farm census

IDERICA pertinent index

• edaphic & social index: significativity in question

• economics index: a view of financial performances

  • need of a european agricultural survey in four parts
  • structure (ES): land, workers, crop, cattle, machine,…,
  • activity (EA): with more informations in backward and lateral activities
  • financial results (RICA): with a more detailed and reliable information
  • sustainable developement index (EDD): with edaphic and social index
  • (periodicity of 3 years)

JB Traversac, Cal-Med Meeting - Sonoma, oct 2007

slide19

Goals and issues of Sust. Dev.

debates & perspectives

• Discussion about the most efficient method to reduce pest treatmentpollutionpublic prescription vs private certification certification and labelling efficiency

 state efficiency of control of the producers or/and volontary approach

JB Traversac, Cal-Med Meeting - Sonoma, oct 2007

slide20

Would you willing to pay a premium for a Colorado wine,

If it was grown and labeled using sustainable agriculturaland environmentally friendly techniques?

Maria L. Loureiro (2001)

JB Traversac, Cal-Med Meeting - Sonoma, oct 2007

slide21

results on the hedonic prices of SD labels show that it is complicated to associate a SD label to GI (AOC)

    • D. Boughedra, 2004
    • Giraud, 2005 ; Halawany, Giraud, 2007
    • Soler & al., 2007

 efficiency of certification and labelling ~ 0

JB Traversac, Cal-Med Meeting - Sonoma, oct 2007

slide22

Evolution of the work intensity in the french vineyards

JB Traversac, Cal-Med Meeting - Sonoma, oct 2007

dispersion of pest applications a political choice
Dispersion of pest applications: a political choice

% product dispersed

% product on target

rampes & buses vs soufflerie

JB Traversac, Cal-Med Meeting - Sonoma, oct 2007

Lucas P & al., INRA 2004

slide24

Network of innovators and the grass management in Monthelie

JB Traversac, Cal-Med Meeting - Sonoma, oct 2007

C. Compagnone, 2007

slide25

Network of innovators and the use of spray machine in Monthelie

Law presssure spraying

High pressure spraying

JB Traversac, Cal-Med Meeting - Sonoma, oct 2007

C. Compagnone, 2007

is the number of participant matter in the effectiveness of environment prescription
Is the number of participant matter in the effectiveness of environment prescription ?

JB Traversac, Cal-Med Meeting - Sonoma, oct 2007

slide27

Main composants of the model

n : number of participant

(constant in a short term)

i’ : level of environmental performance

(voluntary approch requires i < i’)

I : overall level of pollution

(I is a function of several parameters)

(α is the proportion of non participants)

JB Traversac, Cal-Med Meeting - Sonoma, oct 2007

slide28

α is the switching cost from i’ to i

a is the ease of adopting the integrated approach

JB Traversac, Cal-Med Meeting - Sonoma, oct 2007

slide29

we integrateα

the extremum is:

JB Traversac, Cal-Med Meeting - Sonoma, oct 2007

slide30

To minimise Ithe second order condition has to be positive

JB Traversac, Cal-Med Meeting - Sonoma, oct 2007

slide31

An application for i’=1 (worst score) and a=1 (high inertia to change)

  • REM:
  • for each n, there is 2 sub-optimal solutions
  • i = 0,5 is the optimal solution to optimise I

JB Traversac, Cal-Med Meeting - Sonoma, oct 2007

slide32

Overall environmental performance as a function of required level of pollution per participant and the total number of enterprise (i’=1, a=1)

JB Traversac, Cal-Med Meeting - Sonoma, oct 2007

slide33

Policy implication

  • How to determine the level of resistance to change a?
  • The solution for certain value of i are twice(if there is a cost of negociation C, the administration will preferthe smalest number)
  • An interest group can select a level of i in relation with it’s own interrest(what could be the good reaction to the constitution of such groups?)

JB Traversac, Cal-Med Meeting - Sonoma, oct 2007

slide34

Thank you for your attention

JB Traversac, Cal-Med Meeting - Sonoma, oct 2007