Bonjour! France and French Cognates
KWL 1. K—What do you about French and France? The capital of France is Paris. French toast, French fries, Eiffel Tower 2. W—What do you want to learn in French or about French-speaking Countries?
French 1. French is a Romance language globally spoken by about 77 million people as a first language. A Romance language is a language that comes from Latin. 2. French is the second most commonly taught foreign language, after English. 3. French is the official language of France, Canada, Belgium, and Luxembourg. French is also an official language of many African countries.
Language 4. France is on the continent of Europe. 5. Most native speakers of the French live in France, where the language originated. The rest live essentially in Canada.
6. France, and in particular Paris, has played an important role as a center of high culture and of decorative arts since the seventeenth century, first in Europe, and from the nineteenth century on, worldwide. 7. The Eiffel Tower in Paris in a famous monument. 8. Popular sports in France are soccer and the Tour de France. 9. The capital of France is Paris.
10. The Lourve Museum is a famous museum in Paris where the painting the Mona Lisa is found.
1. l'accident L’accident est terrible. terrible
1. accident • The accident is terrible.
2. le concert Le concert est fantastique. fantastique
3. le fruit Le fruit est une orange. orange
4. le téléphone Le téléphone est nécessaire. nécessaire
5. l'image L’image est bizarre. bizarre
6. le restaurant Le restaurant est populaire. populaire
7. le sport Le sport est dangereux. dangereux
French Culture • France, and in particular Paris, has played an important role as a center of high culture and of decorative arts since the seventeenth century, first in Europe, and from the nineteenth century on, worldwide. • From the late nineteenth century, France has also played an important role in modern art, cinema, fashion and cuisine.
Religion • France is a secular country where freedom of thought and of religion is preserved, by virtue of the 1789 Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen. • The Republic is based on the principle of laïcité, that is of freedom of religion. • A January 2007 poll found that 51% of the French population describe themselves as Catholics—and only half of those said they believed in God--, 31% as atheists, 4% as Muslims, 3% as Protestants and 1% as Jews.
Family Structure • Growing out of the values of the Catholic church and rural communities, the basic unit of French society was traditionally held to be the family. • Over the twentieth century, the "traditional" family structure in France has evolved from extended families to, after World War II, nuclear families. • Since the 1960s, marriages have decreased and divorces have increased in France, and divorce law and legal family status have evolved to reflect these social changes.
PACS • Voted by the French Parliament in November 1999 following some controversy, the pacte civil de solidarité ("civil pact of solidarity") commonly known as a PACS, is a form of civil union between two adults (same-sex or opposite-sex) for organizing their joint life. • It brings rights and responsibilities, but less so than marriage. From a legal standpoint, a PACS is a "contract" drawn up between the two individuals, which is stamped and registered by the clerk of the court. • Individuals who have registered a PACS are still considered "single" with regard to family status for some purposes, while they are increasingly considered in the same way as married couples are for other purposes.
Education • The French educational system is highly centralized, organized, and ramified. It is divided into three different stages: primary education ; middle school ; and secondary education .
Education • Primary and secondary education is predominantly public, while higher education has both public and private elements. At the end of secondary education, students take the baccalauréat exam, which allows them to pursue higher education. The baccalauréat pass rate in 1999 was 78.3%. • In 1999–2000, educational spending amounted to 7% of the French GDP and 37% of the national budget. • Since the Jules Ferry laws of 1881-2, named after the then Minister of Public Instruction, all state-funded schools, including universities, are independent from the roman catholic church. Education in these institutions is free. Non-secular institutions are allowed to organize education as well. The French educational system differs strongly from Northern-European and American systems in that it stresses the importance of the development of the individual as an independent intellectual rather than a productive servant.
Cuisine • Traditional French culture places a high priority on the enjoyment of food. • The French typically eat only a simple breakfast of, say, coffee or tea, and bread, breakfast pastries, or yogurt. • Lunch and dinner are the main meals of the day. Formal four course meals consist of a starter course, a main course followed by a salad course, and finally a cheese and/or a dessert course. • While French cuisine is often associated with rich desserts, in most homes dessert consists of only a fruit or yogurt.
Cusine • In France, cutlery is used in the continental manner (with the fork in the left hand, prongs facing down and the knife in the right hand). French etiquette prohibits the placing of hands below the table. • The legal drinking age is officially 18 for strong liquors (21% vol. alcohol), and 16 for most alcohol drinks (beer, wine). • France is one of the oldest wine-producing regions of Europe. France now produces the most wine by value in the world. Bordeaux wine, Bourgogne wine and Champagne are important agricultural products.
Sports • The French "national" sport is football (soccer). The most-watched sports in France are football (soccer), rugby , basketball, cycling, sailing and tennis. • France is notable for holding (and winning) the football World Cup in 1998, for holding the annual cycling race Tour de France, and the tennis Grand Slam tournament Roland Garros, or the French Open. • Sport is encouraged in school, and local sports clubs receive financial support from the local governments. • The modern Olympics were invented in France, in 1894.
French Fashion • Since the 16th century, France has been the fashion capital of the World • Famous top designers • Chanel Christian Dior, Hermes, Jean-Paul Gaultier, Louis Vuitton, Dior • Fashion Week is held in late January to reveal what is ‘in’ for the following Spring and Summer months
French Music • Indigenous Folk Music and features styles from Africa, Latin America, and Asia • Most well known for its classical music • Modern times is known for the development of hip hop, techno, funk, and pop • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3bSM72xQ2Wk • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Triray9w3rs
Classical Music • Ludwig van Beethoven • regarded as one of the greatest masters of musical construction, • Symphony Number 9- http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_-mvutiDRvQ • Moonlight Sonata http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vQVeaIHWWck
Activity • Tête et épaules, genoux, et orteils, genoux et orteils.Tête et épaules, genoux et orteils, genoux et orteils.Yeux et oreilles et bouche et nez.Tête et épaules, genoux et orteils, genoux et orteils.Head and shoulders, knees and toes, knees and toes.Head and shoulders, knees and toes, knees and toes.Eyes and ears and mouth and nose.Head and shoulders, knees and toes, knees and toes. • http://www.songsforteaching.com/french/movement-activity-participation/teteepaulesgenouxorteils.php
What We Learned • My Grandfather was stationed outside of Paris for a few weeks during World War II. • He would tell me stories of what Paris was like when I was young • We learned many different aspects of the French culture. • Marriage rate • Eat main course and then salad
Resources • www.kwintessential.co.uk/.../france-country-profile.html This website is a good guide about French culture. www.teachersnetwork.org/teachnet/foreignlanguage.cfm This website has lots of good lesson plans about the French culture.
Resoureces • http://www.kwintessential.co.uk/resources/global-etiquette/france-country-profile.html • http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/3842.htm • http://www.discoverfrance.net/France/DF_music.shtml • http://www.lvbeethoven.com/Bio/BiographyLudwig.html