Definition of History -Study of the past Definition of Historians -People who study the past
History studies… • How people lived • Why they did things they did • People’s problems and solutions • People’s daily life, work , trade, farm, worship, leisure
Culture -Knowledge, beliefs, customs, and values of a group of people -A LEARNED system of shared beliefs and way of doing things that guides a person’s daily behavior
Archaeology • Study of the past based on what people left behind • Explore where people lived, worked, or fought
Artifacts • Give clues to how people of the past lived • Jewelry, dishes, weapons, buildings, statues, tools…
Roman pendant of Medusa, one of the three Gorgons, covered in a green patina. 100 - 300 AD
Terracotta pitcher with a spout, one handle on the opposite end, rounded bottom, the body and handle with incised linear and dotted patterns. Earthen patina. 200 AD
The Pyramids of Giza, Egypt 2600 B.C.
500,000 years ago Stone point from the site of Kathu Pan 1 in South Africa reveals that human ancestors were making hafted weapons 500,000 years ago.
GobekliTepe: Balıklıgöl Statue is 2m tall ; world’s oldest statue; 13,500 years old
History helps us understand our world! “Understanding the past helps us to understand the world today; it provides us with a guide to making better decisions in the future.”
History teaches us about… • Ourselves • Other cultures • Our world
History shapes our identity and values and teaches us … • How our government formed • Our triumphs and tragedies
History teaches us … • Why other cultures believe the way they do • The struggles other cultures have faced • To respect and understand the opinions of others
History… Promotes tolerance and “social harmony”
History helps us understand the world. • Events that happen in other parts of the world affect our culture • How events of today were shaped by the past
History is … “a record of humanity’s combined efforts”
History also … • develops mental skills • helps us ask questions • encourages analytical thinking • promotes good decision making
Closing Discussion Why do we study history?