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Paperwork Stuff. Warm-Up. Think about where your ancestors came from. Make a list on the board. Is there a pattern?. Clinic – anyone who has yet to make up the last test!. Where did your ancestors come from?. Do you see a pattern? %? Why do you think this is?. CHAPTER 4 Hope & Hardhship.

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Paperwork stuff

Paperwork Stuff


Think about where your ancestors came from. Make a list on the board. Is there a pattern?

Clinic – anyone who has yet to make up the last test!

Where did your ancestors come from
Where did your ancestors come from?

Do you see a pattern? %? Why do you think this is?

Paperwork stuff


Hope & Hardhship

Paperwork stuff

A person who leaves a country in order to settle in a another one.

A person who enters another country in order to settle there.

Paperwork stuff

Why did Immigrants come to the U.S.? another one.

Push Factors

(Reasons why people left there homes)

Lack of _________

lost to machines



Revolution /

/ Hard times

____________________________ _________________________

(fill in the above continent) (Fill in the above continent)

25 million



Religious Freedom

Life (easier)

was there

Pull Factors

(Reasons that attract immigrants to a new country)

Difficult journey
Difficult Journey another one.

  • -slept and ate on the bottom level of the ship. 

  • Fed lukewarm soup, boiled potatoes, and stringy beef.

  • The beds (berths) were narrow and sometimes stacked three high.   

  • 2,000 people in this area

  • On the return trip filled the same spaces!

  • In such close quarters .

$30 for steerage ticket

Roughly $700 today

Difficult journey1
Difficult Journey another one.

  • Sometimes a family would come all at once but many times they would come separately.  The oldest child and father might immigrate to the new country while the mother and other children would stay behind.  After the father and oldest child had worked and earned money for the passage of the others, they would send for them.

  • Ship companies limited how much luggage immigrants could bring.

  • The amount they could bring depended upon the type of fare they paid.

  • Some people just had bundles tied together, others took cardboard boxes, trunks, suitcases, baskets and leather sacks.

Difficult journey2
Difficult Journey another one.

  • If the weather was good, people would try and stay on the deck. 

  • The children would play games such as marbles and dominoes. They also spent time with people from many different places and learned words from other languages. 

  • Mothers would wash their children's hair on the deck. 

  • Other people would do chores on the ship with the sailors. 

Arrival another one.

Immigrants faced many difficulties on the journey to the United States.

  • Dangerous weather

  • Disease / Death

  • Once here though – they still had to pass a physical exam and a citizen ship test.

East coast
EAST COAST another one.



Most European Immigrants entered here.

2% denied

New York Harbor – Liberty Island and Ellis Island

1892 – Ellis Island Opened, Closed in 1954

1990 – opened as a Museum

West coast
West Coast another one.

Most Asian

Immigrants entered here.



San Francisco Bay

Used After 1910

2 activities to complete
2 Activities to complete another one.

  • Graphing – Old and New Immigrants

  • Mapping – Old and New Immigrants