Which one of the four macromolecules is an enzyme? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Which one of the four macromolecules is an enzyme?

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Which one of the four macromolecules is an enzyme?
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Which one of the four macromolecules is an enzyme?

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  1. Which one of the four macromolecules is an enzyme? What is the name of the molecule the enzyme binds to?

  2. Nucleotide Hydrogen bonds Sugar-phosphate backbone Key Adenine (A) Thymine (T) Cytosine (C) Guanine (G) What is a genome?

  3. Nucleotide Hydrogen bonds Sugar-phosphate backbone Key Adenine (A) Thymine (T) Cytosine (C) Guanine (G) What is a genome? It is all the Genes of an organism

  4. Nucleotide Hydrogen bonds Sugar-phosphate backbone Key Adenine (A) Thymine (T) Cytosine (C) Guanine (G) What is the Human Genome project?

  5. Nucleotide Hydrogen bonds Sugar-phosphate backbone Key Adenine (A) Thymine (T) Cytosine (C) Guanine (G) What is the Human Genome project? When scientists all over the world got together to map the human genome, it was completed in 2003.

  6. What are the basic steps to clone a Eukaryote?

  7. What are the basic steps to clone a Eukaryote? -Take the nucleus from an egg-Place the nucleus from the cloned organism in its place-Incubate in the proper host

  8. What kind of macromolecule is this? Is it a mono- di- or polysaccharide?

  9. What are the four types of macromolecules? What does organic mean?

  10. What kind of macromolecule are fats and oils? What part of the cell is made of lipids?

  11. Nucleotide Hydrogen bonds Sugar-phosphate backbone Key Adenine (A) Thymine (T) Cytosine (C) Guanine (G) What kind of macromolecule is DNA? What shape is this DNA?

  12. What organism is this? Is it pro- or eukaryotic?

  13. This cell is dividing by binary fission. What do you know about the offspring? What must happen before binary fission?

  14. What is the tail-like structure called? What is the flagellum for?

  15. What is the purple thing? What kind of cell is this?

  16. What are the red things? What process occurs within the mitochondria?

  17. Smooth endoplasmic reticulum Vacuole Ribosome (free) Chloroplast Ribosome (attached) Cell Membrane Nuclear envelope Cell wall Nucleolus Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Rough endoplasmic reticulum What are two things plant cells have but animals cells don’t? What is the function of the chloroplast?

  18. Which one is the final result of diffusion? What is the definition of diffusion?

  19. Facilitated diffusion uses a protein to carry molecules across the membrane. Why? How is facilitated diffusion different from active transport?

  20. What kind of cellular transport requires the use of ATP energy? Why does it require ATP energy?

  21. What is happening in endocytosis? What is the protist who uses pseudopodia for endocytosis (phagocytosis) in order to engulf its food?

  22. Purines Pyrimidines Adenine Guanine Cytosine Thymine Phosphate group Deoxyribose What is the function of DNA? What are the two parts of the sugar-phosphate backbone?

  23. DNA is complementary, which means matching. What is the complement for Adenine? What are the blue pentagon structures?

  24. What process is shown here? How much of the parent strand ends up in the daughter strand?

  25. G1 phase S phase G2 phase What are the two parts of the cell cycle? What part of the cell cycle is where the DNA is replicated?

  26. What is the single-stranded nucleic acid like DNA? What are two differences between RNA and DNA?

  27. How many genes is this DNA molecule divided into? Explain what happens in transcription.

  28. Translation is when the mRNA is used to make an amino acid chain. What is the chain called? The codon is a group of three nucleotides. How many amino acids does one codon match with?

  29. An anticodon matches with a codon on mRNA. What molecule is this? How many nucleotides in an anticodon?

  30. Nucleus mRNA transcribed in the nucleus mRNA Lysine Phenylalanine tRNA tRNA brings amino acids to the ribosome. The anticodon on tRNA matches with the codon on mRNA to code for the proper amino acid Methionine Ribosome Start codon mRNA What process happens in the nucleus? What process happens in the ribosome?

  31. In this codon chart, what are the words in the pink circle called? What amino acid does GGA code for?

  32. Chromosome DNA double helix Coils Which is largest: DNA, cell, nucleus or chromosome? Which is the smallest: DNA, cell, nucleus or chromosome?

  33. The endosymbiosis theory says ancient prokaryotic cells became the nucleus of a larger host cell. The prokaryotic cell then became the nucleus of the host. What kind of cell did the host become? What does a eukaryotic cell have that a prokaryotic cell does not have BESIDES A NUCLEUS?

  34. What is an area with the same climate and specific plants and animals? What is a group of organisms of the same species in the same area?

  35. Which one is made of both biotic factors and abiotic factors? A species is a group of organisms that can…

  36. What are the two MAIN examples of decomposers? What can producers do that is unique?

  37. What do primary consumers eat? What do tertiary consumers eat?

  38. This is a numbers pyramid. Which trophic level has the most organisms? Which trophic level is the hawk?

  39. Who has the most available energy in a food web? Where does the energy that is lost go?

  40. Condensation Precipitation Evaporation Transpiration Runoff Seepage Root Uptake What is this called?

  41. Which organisms produce CO2? Which organisms produce O2?

  42. What is biomagnification? The increased concentration of toxins as you move up the food chain.

  43. Which graph shows exponential growth? Which graph shows the carrying capacity?

  44. Growth of Aphids Exponential growth Peak population size Rapid decline Steady population size Steady population size What happened to the aphid population? Why did the population crash?

  45. What are two things that can happen to endangered species? Why is extinction of a plant species worse than an animal going extinct?

  46. What process is occurring here? What is the final stage called?

  47. Which one is a climax community? What are examples of pioneer species?

  48. Homologous structures have similar origins. This means the organisms share a … What does the Greek root word homo mean?

  49. This whale has a pelvic bone it doesn’t use. Why is it there? What is it called when you have a structure but don’t use anymore?