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Origins of Taoism. Mavra A. Taoism is a traditional Chinese native religion Laozi (also called: Lao Dan, Li Er, Laotzu, and Laotse) is the founder of this religion. The Doctrine of Morality is regarded as their holy Bible.

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slide2
Taoism is a traditional Chinese native religion Laozi (also called: Lao Dan, Li Er, Laotzu, and Laotse) is the founder of this religion. The Doctrine of Morality is regarded as their holy Bible.
slide3
It was started by a child name Lao Tzu who lived in China around 600 B.C. He is called Lao Tzu ("Old Boy"), because nothing is known of his youth or origins. He worked in the Chinese government,
slide4
Taoism (pronounced Dao-ism) is believed to have originated around 300 B.C. The word "Tao" means “the way” or “the path
slide5
Many people interested in the Tao are still under the impression that Lao Tzu founded Taoism about 2,500 years ago. There is some truth to this, as long as we are only talking about philosophical Taoism (Dao Jia) or religious Taoism (Dao Jiao). However, the one thing that most people do not realize is that both variants of Taoism came from a much older tradition, known to the Chinese simply as the Tao.
slide6
It is not possible for Lao Tzu to be the founder of this ancient tradition for the simple reason that it began at leasht 2,300 years before his time
slide7
Fu Hsi was the first of the legendary emperors of ancient China. His reign marked the starting point of Chinese civilization, and the Tao concept that originated at the same time also reflected the spirit of Chinese culture from this ancient beginningWe can see the evidence for this when we get closer to Chinese culture.
slide9
Tao
  • Tao is literally translated as “the way” or “the path.”
  • Many different beliefs as to what Tao really is.
  • Taoists say that the “eternal Tao” can never be truly defined.
  • A non-personal energy that created, and resides in all living things.
wu wei
Wu Wei
  • Literally translated as “not doing.”
  • Means not doing anything that goes against nature.
slide11
Wu
  • Literally translated as emptiness.
  • The ideal state of mind, empty of any thoughts or desires that conflict with the Tao.
yin and yang
Yin and Yang
  • The two complimentary forces that exist in nature.
  • Yang represents everything masculine and active.
  • Yin represents everything feminine and passive
  • Too much of either is bad, a balance needs to be achieved.
slide13
Qi
  • Qi (or Chi) is literally translated as “breath,” or “air”
  • It is the life energy present in all living things.
  • The martial art of Tai Chi is designed to aid the flow of Qi throughout the body.
key figures

Key Figures

Brittney Lee-Own

lao tzu laozi
Lao Tzu (Laozi)

Might have founded Taoism

We are not sure if he existed

Lao Tzu: Old Master

If he did exist he could’ve been Li Erh, an archivist

He wrote Tao Te Ching

huang di
Huang Di

Visited a Hermit who told him the secret to Tao

Changed the way he governed people

Earned the name “Yellow Emperor”

The Greatest Emperor China has ever seen

Created harmony within himself and then created harmony within his kingdom

chuang tzu zhuangzi 369 286bc
Chuang Tzu (Zhuangzi) [369-286BC]:

He is one of the authors of the book Chuang Tzu is a collection of stories written in prose form instead of poetry that teaches Tao from the perspective of active, everyday life

yu huang
Yu-Huang:
  • Known as the Jade Emperor
  • The Great High God
  • Main job is to distribute justice, which he does through a court system of Hell where evil deeds and thoughts are punished
yuan shih t ien tsun the first principal
Yuan-shih T'ien-tsun (The First Principal)

He has no beginning and no end

Existed "before the void and the silence, before primordial chaos”

Self existing, changeless, limitless, invisible, source of all truth

taoism

Taoism

Symbols/Images

By: Theron Nicholls

introduction
Introduction
  • Yin Yang most well-known Taoist symbol
  • Taiji tu visual of all of Taoist cosmology
  • The Five Elements which produce the Ten-Thousand Things
  • The Lo Pan Compass
  • The Guodian bamboo strips
yin and yang22
Yin and Yang

Universal harmonyandunitybetween

complimentary opposites. Yin = dark,

passive, negative. Yang = light,

active, positive.

guodian bamboo strips
Guodian Bamboo Strips

4th Century

“This is like the discovery

of the

Dead

Sea

Scrolls.”

rituals and practices
Rituals and Practices

By Corey Yeung

rites and ceremonies
Rites and Ceremonies
  • Written memorial on behalf of the people to their God’s
  • Major festivals can last for days
  • Rites can vary from purification, invocation of the deities, prayers, consecration and offerings, hymns and dances
rituals
Rituals
  • Can involve tens and hundreds of villages.
  • Occur every five to ten years.
  • Communal Meals, Military Parades, and plays
meditation
Meditation
  • Taoists practice meditation
  • Stillness of body lets them collect full chi
  • Chi can be described as energy and matter
tai chi chuan
Tai Chi Chuan
  • The martial arts form practiced for balance
  • Spiritual, emotional, and mental aspects
  • Form of movement meditation
  • Used for self defense