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California Public Utilities Commission AB 2514 OIR Proceedings – Preliminary Workshop March 9, 2011 San Francisco, CA PowerPoint Presentation
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California Energy Commission Energy Storage Program Overview Avtar Bining, Ph.D. Program Manager – Energy Storage California Energy Commission abining@energy.state.ca.us 916-327-1411. California Public Utilities Commission AB 2514 OIR Proceedings – Preliminary Workshop March 9, 2011

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California Public Utilities Commission AB 2514 OIR Proceedings – Preliminary Workshop March 9, 2011 San Francisco, CA


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California Energy Commission Energy Storage Program Overview Avtar Bining, Ph.D.Program Manager – Energy StorageCalifornia Energy Commissionabining@energy.state.ca.us 916-327-1411

California Public Utilities Commission AB 2514 OIR Proceedings – Preliminary Workshop

March 9, 2011

San Francisco, CA

purpose

Public Interest Energy Research Program Overview

  • Energy Storage Program Overview
  • Energy Storage Research Projects and Activities
    • American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) Projects
    • CIEE – Strategic Analysis of Energy Storage
  • 2011 Integrated Energy Policy Report Committee Workshop
  • Questions

Purpose

public interest energy research

Established through AB 1890 in 1996 and began in 1998

  • ~$62.5 Million / Year (Electricity); ~$24 Million / Year (Natural Gas) since 2005-2006
  • Mission - To support public interest energy research and development that helps improve the quality of life in California by bringing environmentally safe, reliable, and affordable energy services and products to the marketplace.
  • Six (6) PIER Program Research Areas (Efficiency {Buildings and Industry/Agriculture/Water}, Renewables, Environment, Transportation, Energy Systems (Transmission and Distribution {Smart Grid}, Cyber Security, and Energy Storage)

Public Interest Energy Research

pier involvement in energy storage technologies

PIER has a long history of interest in advancing energy storage technologies:

    • Funding field demonstrations and studies
    • Encouraging partnering and information exchange

PIER Involvement in Energy StorageTechnologies

slide6

Energy Storage Technologies

  • Pumped Hydro
  • Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES)
  • Flywheels
  • Batteries
  • Super-Capacitors (SuperCaps)
  • Superconducting Magnetics
  • Thermal Storage (Molten Salt and Ice)
  • Hydrogen Storage
energy storage
Energy Storage
  • Has existed for long – Battery, Pumped Hydro
  • Recent Policy Changes
    • AB 2514 – Energy Storage Systems (2010)
    • Renewable Portfolio Standard (33% by 2020)
    • AB 32 (Reducing GHG to 1990 Level by 2020)
  • New System Needs and Opportunities
    • Smart Grid and Energy Storage Symbiotic Connection
  • Recent Advances
    • Internet, Material Sciences, Electronics, Sensors, and Controls
energy storage contd
Energy Storage (Contd…)
  • Various Forms – Mechanical (Pumped Hydro, Compressed Air, Flywheel), Chemical (Hydrogen), Thermal (Molten Salt, Ice), Electrical (Battery, Capacitors, Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage)
  • Applications – Intermittency, Variability, Shifting Time of Use, Demand and Supply Response, Frequency Regulation, Resiliency, Reliability, Efficiency, (Economics)
slide9

Electric Energy Storage Applications

(All Boundaries Of Regions Displayed Are Approximate)

1000

  • Load Leveling
  • Ramping
  • Energy Arbitrage
  • Spinning Reserve
  • Grid System
  • Stability
  • VAR
  • Support

100

Renewables

- Wind

- Solar

  • Frequency
  • Regulation

10

  • Peak
  • Shaving
  • and T&D
  • Deferral Transmission
  • Conjunction Management

Power Quality

Temporary

Power Interruptions

  • Peak Shaving
  • T&D Deferral

Black

Start needs

1 to 10 MW’s

For a 1 to 2 Hr. Duration

1.0

  • Remote Island Applications
  • Village Power Applications

0.1

0.1 Cycle

15 Second

1 Hour

15 Minutes

5 Hour

10 Cycle

slide10

ARRA Smart Grid Projects

18 California Based Projects Totaling ~$1.25 Billion

  • Why PIER Provided Cost-Share For ARRA
  • Without PIER funding DOE would not award (DOE recognizes CA’s leadership in Smart Grid)
  • Early call To Identify How Smart Grid Is Developing
  • Ensure Consistency Among California Projects
  • One Smart Grid for California (Energy Commission Is The Common Participant For All Projects)
  • Smart Meters
  • Grid Security
  • Communication
  • Phasors
  • Storage
  • PHEV
  • Consumer Behavior
  • Demand Response
  • Standards
  • HAN
arra smart grid in california
ARRA Smart Grid in California
  • Total Project Value to CA - $1.3 Billion
  • City of Glendale Water & Power
  • Modesto Irrigation District
  • Burbank Water & Power
  • City of Anaheim
  • Electric Power Group (WECC sub-contractor)
  • Pacific Gas & Electric (WECC sub-contractor – Not with CEC)
  • Sacramento Municipal Utility District
  • San Diego Gas & Electric
  • Los Angeles Department of Water & Power
  • Southern California Edison with Boeing - Headquarters in MO, work being done in Sunnyvale and Huntington Beach, CA
  • Southern California Edison with Waukesha Electric Systems - Headquarters in WI, work being done with SCE in Irvine, CA) (Fault Current Limiting Transformer)
  • Primus Power (Metal Electrodes for Flow Battery)
  • SEEO Inc. (Li-Polymer)
  • Southern California Edison (Tehachapi Wind Energy Storage (CAES)
  • Pacific Gas & Electric (CAES)
  • Amber Kinetics (Flywheel)
  • EnerVault with Ktech Corp. - Headquarters in NM, work being done in Sunnyvale , CA (Fe/Cr Flow Battery)
  • Sacramento Municipal Utility District - sub-contractor to Premium Power, Headquarters in MA (Zn/Br Battery)
  • - California State University, Sacramento (Smart Grid Study)

Premium Power

Boeing

Ktech Corp.

Waukesha Electric Systems

Honeywell International, Inc

ciee energy storage research project

Goal - Develop a 2020 Energy Storage Vision for California

  • California Institute for Energy and Environment (CIEE) - Prime Contractor and supported by UC (Berkeley, Los Angeles, and San Diego)
  • Project Advisory Committee includes – IOUs, CAISO, POUs, CESA/ESA, National Labs, EPRI, Energy Storage Industry/Providers, CPUC, etc.
  • Duration ~6 Months (Began on January 24, 2011)
  • Help determine the role of energy storage in California
    • Look at various energy storage technologies and applications
    • Support CPUC with AB 2514 OIR Proceedings
    • Input to 2011 IEPR Committee Workshop on Energy Storage (April 28, 2011)

CIEE Energy Storage Research Project

slide13

Questions?

Avtar Bining

Program Manager – Energy Storage

California Energy Commission

abining@energy.state.ca.us

916-327-1411