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How To Write Project or Paper Proposal. Outline :. Paper Section : -Choose a Topic - Item proposal. -Find Information - Make an outline -Organize your Note -Write the First Draft -Revise outlines and draft -Type the Final Paper Proposal Section:

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Outline :

Paper Section :

-Choose a Topic

- Item proposal.

-Find Information

- Make an outline

-Organize your Note

-Write the First Draft

-Revise outlines and draft

-Type the Final Paper

Proposal Section:

- What the proposal should have .

-Mistakes in writing Proposal.


choose a topic
Choose a Topic

- It must relate to the session topic.

- Choose a topic that interests and challenges you.

find information
Find Information

-Specify the Minimum Requirement :

. Include ten reference referenced that published in the last few years.

. Include articles from different journals.

. Include only references that mentioned in the text.

make an outline
Make an outline


* Clearly state thesis and purpose of paper.

**Briefly explain the main points and why they are



* Contain the basic idea you want to talk about in your paper.


*Restate your thesis.

**Summarize your arguments.

***Explain why you have come to this conclusion

organize your note
Organize your Note

You have Information- Analyze and sort the


- Devise a method to organize your notes

- Do not include irrelevant information or

material you do not understand

- Avoid overuse of quotes (blocks)

write the first draft
Write the First Draft

- Use your outline to organize material

- Find a technique that works for you

- Properly cite using APA

revise outlines and draft
Revise outlines and draft

* Use the grade sheet as a checklist

- Clear introduction?

- Orderly presentation of ideas?

- Use of supporting evidence?

- Thoughtful conclusion/discussion?

- Correct writing style?

- Proper manuscript preparation?

- Correct reference citations?

- Proper use of quotations?

- Use of precision, clarity and language?

- Proper spelling, punctuation, and grammar?

type the final paper
Type the Final Paper

- Re-read assignment for expectations

- Proof and read paper carefully

- Check for plagiarism

proposal should have the following
proposal should have the following

1.Title page


3.Table of contents


5.Thesis statement


7.Preliminary results and discussion

8.Work plan including time table

9.Implications of research

10.List of references

title page
Title page

*contains short, descriptive title of the proposed thesis project  (should be fairly self-explanatory)

*and author, institution, department, research mentor, mentor's institution, and date of delivery


*the abstract is a brief summary of your thesis proposal

*its length should not exceed ~200 words

*present a brief introduction to the issue

*make the key statement of your thesis

*give a summary of how you want to address the issue

*include a possible implication of your work, if successfully completed

table of contents
Table of contents

list all headings and subheadings with page numbers

indent subheadings


*this section sets the context for your proposed project and must capture the reader's interest

*explain the background of your study starting from a broad picture narrowing in on your research question

*review what is known about your research topic as far as it is relevant to your thesis

cite relevant references

*the introduction should be at a level that makes it easy to understand for readers with a general science background, for example your classmates

thesis statement
Thesis statement

*in a couple of sentences, state your thesis

*this statement can take the form of a hypothesis, research question, project statement, or goal statement

*the thesis statement should capture the essence of your intended project and also help to put boundaries around it

approach methods

*this section contains an overall description of your *approach,  materials, and procedures

*what methods will be used?

*how will data be collected and analyzed?

*what materials will be used?

*Include calculations, technique, procedure, equipment, and calibration graphs

*detail limitations, assumptions, and range of validity

*citations should be limited to data sources and more complete descriptions of procedures

*do not include results and discussion of results here

preliminary results and discussion
Preliminary results and discussion

*present any results you already have obtained

*discuss how they fit in the framework of your thesis

work plan including time table
Work plan including time table

*describe in detail what you plan to do until completion of your senior thesis project

*list the stages of your project in a table format

*indicate deadlines you have set for completing each stage of the project, including any work you have already completed

*discuss any particular challenges that need to be overcome

implications of research
Implications of Research

*what new knowledge will the proposed project produce that we do not already know?

*why is it worth knowing, what are the major implications?

common mistakes in proposal writing
Common Mistakes in Proposal Writing

1-Failure to provide the proper context to frame the research question.

2-Failure to delimit the boundary conditions for your research.

3-Failure to cite landmark studies.

4-Failure to accurately present the theoretical and empirical contributions by other researchers.

5-Failure to stay focused on the research question.

6-Failure to develop a coherent and persuasive argument for the proposed research.


7-Too much detail on minor issues, but not enough detail on major issues.

8-Too much rambling -- going "all over the map" without a clear sense of direction. (The best proposals move forward with ease and grace like a seamless river.)

9-Too many citation lapses and incorrect references.

10-Too long or too short.

11-Failing to follow the APA style.

12-Slopping writing.


if you want to make something professional , you must follow series of steps , the same is applied here for

writing a paper.