Pronouns A pronoun is a word that takes the place of one or more nouns. Pro- means for (standing FOR a noun)
Personal Pronouns • Pronouns that are used to refer to people or things are called personal pronouns. • Examples: he, she, it
Subject Pronouns A subject pronoun is used as the subject of a sentence. The subject is WHO or WHAT the sentence is about. She is my sister. It is my hat. Does hehave a dog. You and Igo to the movie.
Object Pronouns An object pronoun is a personal pronoun in the objective case. It is used as the direct or inderect object of a verb. Object pronouns will never be the subject of the sentence. Give the pencil to me. The teacher gave her a referral. I will tell you a secret. Hannah read it to them.
List of Personal Pronouns Singular Plural I we you you he, she, it they Subject Pronouns me us you you him, her, it them Object Pronouns
Your turn • Listen to this song and then lets try it together! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SWnc1HSCvRY • Activity. Identify the pronouns in the following sentences. Jamie and Clara loved the guinea pig their mother bought them. It was white, and it was adorable.
Using Pronouns Correctly How do you know when to use me or I, we or us? 1. Use a subject pronoun as a subject. 2. Use an object pronoun as object of the verb. Examples (Circle the correct pronoun listed): SUBJECT- Sheowns a collection of books. INDIRECT OBJECT- He told heran amusing story. DIRECT OBJECT- The fable entertained us.
Using Pronouns Correctly When in a pair (Susan and I) Always take the pronoun OUT of the pair to see which pronoun is the correct one to use. EXAMPLES: Richard and (I or me) recited the story. Jennifer helped Richard and (I or me). Read sentence without the words that the pronoun is paired with to see what works.
Using Pronouns Correctly When using a pronoun in a pair: **ALWAYS put the pronoun second Seth and I read some comic books. (Not I and Seth) Science interests Mike and me. (Not me and Mike).
Using Pronouns Correctly In formal writing and speech: use a subject pronoun after a linking verb. RIGHT The winner is she. NOT She is the winner.
ACTIVITY 2 • Replace one of the nouns in the following sentences with a pronoun. • Tanner and Tanner’s friend Todd won the boat race. • Why did Oscar give Oscar’s camera to the school? • Darius scored a goal; the first of Darius’ season.
PRONOUNS AND ANTECEDENTS Antecedent- The noun or group of words that a pronoun refers to Example: Tyler read “The Hungry Caterpillar.” He found it exciting. ANTECEDENT of he ___________________ ANTECEDENT of it __________________
PRONOUNS AND ANTECEDENTS RULE FOR PRONOUNS and ANTECEDENTS: • Pronoun must agree with antecedent in number (singular or plural) and gender. • The gender of a noun may be masculine (male), feminine (female), or neuter (referring to things).
ACTIVITY 3 Complete p. 379 Exercise 5.
Possessive Pronouns Possessive Pronoun A pronoun that shows who or what has something. NOTE: A possessive pronoun may take the place of a possessive noun.
Possessive Pronouns Examples: Matt’s shoe is too small. Replace noun with possessive pronoun. _______ shoe is too small. Mike’s homework is perfect. Possesive Noun- __________ Replace with pronoun- _________ ________ homework is perfect.
Singular Plural Used before nouns my your his, her, its our your their Used alone mine yours his, hers, its ours yours theirs Possessive Pronouns Possessive pronouns have two forms. - One form is used before a noun. - The other form is used alone.
Possessive Pronouns ALWAYS REMEMBER: POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS do NOT contain an apostrophe. * Possessive its never splits. *It’s - is a contraction standing for it is *Its no apostrophe is POSSESSIVE Example: I love my book. (Its) characters are funny. *“Its” is a possessive pronoun standing for what noun?
Activity 4 Complete p. 703 Exercise 4 to review possessive pronouns.
Indefinite Pronouns Indefinite pronoun A pronoun that does not refer to a particular person, place, or thing. Example: Does anyone know where Mr. Malloy went? Everyone thought he was hiding in a locker. NOTE: Most indefinite pronouns are either ALWAYS singular or plural.
Some Indefinite Pronouns SINGULAR or PLURAL All, any, most, none andsome can be singularorplural,depending on the phrase that follows them.
Indefinite Pronouns When an indefinite pronoun is used as the subject, the verb must agree with it in number. EXAMPLE: Everyone discusses the dance last Friday. (singular) Both talk about how fun it was! (plural) Allof the dance wasvery loud. (singular) Allof the middle school kids were dancing fools. (plural)
Some Indefinite Pronouns Possessive pronouns often have indefinite pronouns as their antecedents. In such cases, the pronouns must agree in number. Eachof the teachers hashisor herunique teaching style. Several have funny conversations with their students.
Activity 5 Find the indefinite pronouns in the following sentences. All of the students in this class are adorable. Each one of them make me very glad. Some of them are talkative, but most of them are very well-behaved.Which is something for which all teachers are grateful.