Chapter 14. Psychosocial Development in Young Adulthood . Four approaches to adult psychosocial development: These models find considerable stability in personality Normative Stage Models age-related development that continues through the lifespan.
Psychosocial Development in Young Adulthood
Normative Stage Models
Personality factors that seem to underlie five groups of associated traits (Big Five)
Broader personality types/styles, that represent how personality traits are organized
Ego-resilient: adaptability under stress; well adjusted, self-confident, confident, helpful.
Overcontrolled people: shy, anxious, dependable, withdrawn
Undercontrolled people: active, energetic, impulsive, stubborn.
Six interrelated elements:
Basic tendencies: personality traits, physical health, appearance, gender, sexual orientation, intelligence, artistic abilities; all may be inherited or acquired with external (environmental) influences to produce certain characteristic adaptations (social roles, attitudes, interests, skills, activities, habits, beliefs).
Objective biography- actual events of a person’s life; dynamic processes link the other five elements.
Friendships during young and middle adulthood tend to center on work and parenting activities- sharing confidence and advice.
Women typically have more intimate friendships than men and may find relationships with other women more satisfying than with men.
May be addictive, a game for some, abusive, journey.
Similarities or differences in personality traits had little to no correlation with marital satisfaction or choice of partner.
4 differences between mens/womens sexual appetites:
Three main attitudes about sex:
Reproductive (30%): sex permissible only for reproductive purposes within marriage
Recreational (25%): whatever feels good and doesn’t hurt anyone is fine
Relational (45%): sex accompanied by love/affection, not necessarily marriage
Men more permissive about sex
Date rape a problem, high on college campuses.
Offers division of labor, intimacy, commitment, friendship, affection, sexual fulfillment, companionship, emotional growth opportunities, new sources for self-esteem and identity.
Average age for first marriage: mid to late 20’s
Sexual activity tends to occur far less than media depicts; but more emotional satisfaction from sex
Top three reasons cited:
1/5 women abused by partner- probably much higher
see Box 14-2 (page 532-533)
Reasons for divorce: