Chapter 14. Psychosocial Development in Young Adulthood . Four approaches to adult psychosocial development: These models find considerable stability in personality Normative Stage Models age-related development that continues through the lifespan.
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Psychosocial Development in Young Adulthood
Normative Stage Models
Personality factors that seem to underlie five groups of associated traits (Big Five)
Broader personality types/styles, that represent how personality traits are organized
Ego-resilient: adaptability under stress; well adjusted, self-confident, confident, helpful.
Overcontrolled people: shy, anxious, dependable, withdrawn
Undercontrolled people: active, energetic, impulsive, stubborn.
Six interrelated elements:
Basic tendencies: personality traits, physical health, appearance, gender, sexual orientation, intelligence, artistic abilities; all may be inherited or acquired with external (environmental) influences to produce certain characteristic adaptations (social roles, attitudes, interests, skills, activities, habits, beliefs).
Objective biography- actual events of a person’s life; dynamic processes link the other five elements.
Friendships during young and middle adulthood tend to center on work and parenting activities- sharing confidence and advice.
Women typically have more intimate friendships than men and may find relationships with other women more satisfying than with men.
May be addictive, a game for some, abusive, journey.
Similarities or differences in personality traits had little to no correlation with marital satisfaction or choice of partner.
4 differences between mens/womens sexual appetites:
Three main attitudes about sex:
Reproductive (30%): sex permissible only for reproductive purposes within marriage
Recreational (25%): whatever feels good and doesn’t hurt anyone is fine
Relational (45%): sex accompanied by love/affection, not necessarily marriage
Men more permissive about sex
Date rape a problem, high on college campuses.
Offers division of labor, intimacy, commitment, friendship, affection, sexual fulfillment, companionship, emotional growth opportunities, new sources for self-esteem and identity.
Average age for first marriage: mid to late 20’s
Sexual activity tends to occur far less than media depicts; but more emotional satisfaction from sex
Top three reasons cited:
1/5 women abused by partner- probably much higher
see Box 14-2 (page 532-533)
Reasons for divorce: