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Expedition: Following the footsteps of Alexander the Great Accompanied by Academician Edvard Rtveladze - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Expedition: Following the footsteps of Alexander the Great Accompanied by Academician Edvard Rtveladze. IRAN TURKMENISTAN UZBEKISTAN. Expedition: Following the footsteps of Alexander the Great 15.06.2010–29.06.2010 (15 days / 14 nights). IRAN Tehran Shiraz Esfahan Mashhad

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Expedition:Following the footsteps of Alexander the GreatAccompanied by Academician Edvard Rtveladze




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Expedition: Following the footsteps of Alexander the Great


(15 days / 14 nights)


  • Tehran

  • Shiraz

  • Esfahan

  • Mashhad


  • Mary

  • Merv


  • Bukhara

  • Karshi

  • Termez

  • Shakhrisabz

  • Samarkand

  • Tashkent

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Expedition: Following the footsteps of Alexander the Great

The Expedition is held

on June 15-30, 2010

and lead by Academician

Edward Rtveladze

Edward Rtveladze

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Expedition: Following the footsteps of Alexander the Great

  • The participants of this expedition are tourists from different parts of the world. The aim of expedition is to cover the route of Alexander the Great.

  • During this tour you will visit remarkable spots related to Alexander the Great, participate in archaeological excavations, get acquainted with unknown historical facts, unique material and spiritual monuments. In addition, you will take part in scientific conferences held in Iran, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, conducted by noble historians and prominent archaeologists.

  • This expedition will bring you to a land where Alexander the Great married to a legendary Roxana from Amu Darya River and will shed a light on romantic and tragic story of deep but short-lived love, which contributed to the alliance between Greece and the Orient.

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CITIESvisited during the expedition and the sightseeing spots related to Alexander the Great

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  • Tehran– the capital of Iran and one of the largest metropolitans of the world. Location on the slopes

    of the mountains, numerous parks with flowers blossoming throughout the year, alleys of young planted

    trees, water running down from the upper city along deep and wide gutters like small rivers – all these

    attributes make the city especially pleasant in any time of the year.

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  • Shirazis the most romantic city in Iran it is famous for its wine, numerous gardens,

    and flowers. This city was a hometown for a number of famous Iranian poets, including

    Hafiz and Saadi.

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  • Persepolis – the ancient city of Iran, located 70 km from Shiraz.

    Founded by Darius I, once it was the capital of Persian Empire.

    After the conquest of Alexander the Great the city was burned. Nowadays the magnificent ruins of Persepolis, which remained till the present, impress visitors from all over the world.

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  • The famous highlights of Persepolis include: citadel of Persepolis, which is listed among UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the Apadana Palace, the Gate of All Nations and other structures.

The Apadana Palace

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The Gate of All Nations

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The significant monument is wall of rock, where tombs of Achaemenid kings are found.

One of the tombs was identified due to inscription on it: “Here was buried Darius the Great”.

Supposedly other tombs belong to Kserxs I, Artakserx I and Darius II.

  • Naqsh-i Rustam – near Persepolis there is a number of monuments related to Achaemenid and Sassanid empires.

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Isfahan – the most beautiful city of Iran.

The Persian proverb says: “Isfahan is half of the world”. For more than 900 years the city was capital of largest province in the centre of the country. Isfahan overcame the invasion of Mongols and during the reign of Shah Abbas it became the capital of Persia as well as reached its pinnacle.

Nowadays this city is famous for its Islamic architecture with lots of beautiful boulevards, bridges, palaces, mosques, and minarets.

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  • Pasargadae –

  • well-known archaeological site and one of Iran's five UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

  • Once it was the first capital of the Achaemenid Empire, founded by Cyrus the Great.

The tomb of Cyrus the Great is the most significant spot in Pasargadae. Historians believe that Alexander paid a visit to the tomb and found out the inscription which proved that it was the place where Cyrus was buried.

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  • Mashhad is considered to be the second largest holy city in the world.

It is said that the rich go to Mecca but the poor journey to Mashhad. Over 20 million Muslims a year make the pilgrimage to Mashhad.

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  • Merv – the treasure trove for archaeologists and excavating it is one of the biggest challenges.

    The monuments of Ancient Merv are included in UNESCO world Heritage list.

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Alexandria or Erk Kala is the most impressive site of Merv.

The second city of Merv, known today as Antiokhia or Gyaur Kala was founded by Alexander's successors, in 238 BC.

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The foundation of the city goes into the remote ages. The most ancient part of Bukhara is its citadel Ark, where archaeologists excavated the finds dating back to the 3rd century B.C.

Historical centers

of Bukhara are included in the UNESCO World Heritage list.

Citadel Ark

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Archeological Museum in Termez

Termez– formed on the right side of Amu-Darya River, it was developing as one of the leading city of Bactria and then Kushan Empire. The founding of ancient city is traditionally attributed to Alexander the Great.

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Kampyr Tepa

Among archeological remains related to different epochs and empires you can witness archaeological site of Kampyr Tepa, discovered by Edward Rtveladze, and participate in archaeological excavations of this unique spot. The excavations in Kampyrtepa have proven that on the place of this settlement was located Alexandria Oxiana.

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Among discovered artifacts in Kampyr Tepa there are Greek inscriptions – graphite markings on fragments of small ceramic vases that testify to the presence of a Greek population in this area. A copper coin of the first century BC with a depiction of the ruler in a diadem with the inscription “Geliokolus” was also discovered. Other interesting finds are ceramic jugs and crockery with vegetation and geometrical symbols similar to Greek amphora. This in turn made the epoch Kampyr Tepa a very significant ancient site in regards to the monuments discovered.

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Schakhrisabz– the ancient names of this city are Gava, Sugda, Nautaka,Kesh.

Shakhrisabz is included in UNESCO World heritage list.

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Samarkand(Marakanda), founded in 700 BC was the capital of Sogdiana.

When in 329 BC Alexander the Great arrived and took the city, he said: “Everything I have heard about the beauty of the city is indeed true, except that it is much more beautiful than I imagined”. The unique buildings of ancient architecture, heritage of scientific and art schools, centers of national handicrafts available in ancient city are famous today all over the world. The city is included into "The World Heritage" list of UNESCO – so great the significance of material and spiritual values concentrated here.

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the capital

of Uzbekistan and the premier metropolis of Central Asia

The scientists consider Tashkent to be 25 centuries old – from the first settlements till the modern megalopolis with the towering buildings, crowded avenues and heavy traffic.

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Accommodation in





Laleh Hotel 5*


Pars Hotel 5*


Abbasi hotel 5*


Pardisan Hotel 5*


Margush/Yrsgal Hotel 3*


Tashkent palace 4*


Asia Bukhara 4*


Afrosiab Palace 4*


Meridian Hotel 3*

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Guaranteed Tour Price:

Payment: 100% prepayment should be made

not less than 3 days before the group’s arrival. Cancellation fees:Cancellation prior 30 days – no penalty is charged Cancellation prior 15 days – 50% penalty is charged Cancellation prior 1 day – 100% penalty is charged