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Air & Space Expeditionary Force (AEF). Overview. Expeditionary Heritage AEF Defined Current AEF Construct AEF Next. Expeditionary Heritage. Pancho Villa Expedition “Mexican Expedition” 1916-1917. 1st Aero Squadron on the Mexican US border, 1916. Curtiss JN-4 Jenny, 1918.

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overview
Overview
  • Expeditionary Heritage
  • AEF Defined
  • Current AEF Construct
  • AEF Next
expeditionary heritage
Expeditionary Heritage
  • Pancho Villa Expedition “Mexican Expedition”
    • 1916-1917

1st Aero Squadron on the Mexican US border, 1916

Curtiss JN-4 Jenny, 1918

Members of the 16th Infantry

General Pershing

Francisco “Pancho” Villa

Bob Barthelmess

expeditionary heritage1
Expeditionary Heritage
  • World War I—US Declared War April 17, 1917
    • September 1918 before American pilots flying British and French aircraft made significant impact
  • World War II—Pearl Harbor December 7, 1941
    • June 1942: B-24’s bomb Ploesti oil fields in Romania
    • Aug 17, 1942: 8th Air Force first heavy bomber mission
  • Korea 27 June 1950
    • US Naval Air Strikes within 24 hours
    • Continental Air Command (TAC): B-26 bombers began operations onOctober 27, 1950
expeditionary heritage2
Expeditionary Heritage
  • Composite Air Strike Force (CASF)
    • Mobile, rapid-deployment strike concept designed to engage in conflicts around the world
    • Included fighter bomber aircraft, reconnaissance tanker, and troop carrier assets
    • First deployment: July 1958

B-57

F-100

cold war vs present day
Cold War vs. Present Day

Cold War Air Force

Today’s Air Force

Containment

Engagement

Force Structure

Cut

330,433 Active Duty

Large Force

Structure

600,000 Active Duty

4 Times More

Deployments

290,000 in deployable UTCs

Airmen Stayed

at Home

80,000 on Mobility Orders

Extensive

Forward Basing

2/3 Fewer

Overseas Bases

Robust

Infrastructure

“Bring your own”

Infrastructure

1990 air force overseas basing posture
1990 Air Force Overseas Basing Posture

Main Operating Bases

Misawa

Clark KunsanAnkara IraklionZaragoza

Soesterberg

SembachTemplehofHessissch-Oldendorf

RamsteinRhein MainBentwatersMolesworthFairfordGreenhamnThule

YokotaOsanDhahranIncirlikHellenikonMoronFlorennesHahn LindseyZweibruckenAlconburyMildenhallCroughtonWethersfieldWoodbridge AlbrookComiso

Kadena

AndersenIzmir PirinclikLajes FieldAvianoTorrejonBitburgSpangdahlemWeuscheimLakenheathChicksands

Upper HeyfordHowardHigh Wycombe San Vito

During the Cold War, USAF has 50 major OCONUS installations

today s air force overseas basing posture
Today’s Air Force Overseas Basing Posture

Main Operating Bases

Expeditionary Bases

Misawa

Clark KunsanAnkara IraklionZaragoza

Soesterberg

SembachTemplehofHessissch-Oldendorf

RamsteinRhein MainBentwatersMolesworthFairfordGreenhamnThule

YokotaOsanDhahranIncirlikHellenikonMoronFlorennesHahn LindseyZweibruckenAlconburyMildenhallCroughtonWethersfieldWoodbridge AlbrookComiso

Kadena

AndersenIzmir PirinclikLajes FieldAvianoTorrejonBitburgSpangdahlemWeuscheimLakenheathChicksands

Upper HeyfordHowardHigh Wycombe San Vito

Brindisi

Geilenkirchen

Ferihegy

Tuzla

Istres

Akrotiri

Moron

Bandirma

Brize Norton

Sigonella

Gioia del Colle

Fairford

Souda Bay

Aruba

Curacao

Manta

Jacobobad

Masirah

Thumrait

Doha

Shaik Isa

Al Dhafra

Al Udeid

Al Jaber

Al Salem

Cairo West

Bagram

Kandahar

Diego Garcia

Manas

Soto Cano

Cervia

Bari

Trapani

Mont de Marsan

Mactan

Zamboanga

Clark

74% fewer permanent overseas bases exist—but AF rapidly expanded its expeditionary basing infrastructure

the need for aef
The Need for AEF
  • Post Cold War Reality
    • Less end strength (manpower)
    • Less overseas presence
      • 3/4 overseas basing infrastructure gone
    • Regional hotspots
    • Increase in operations tempo
  • Post Gulf War Presence
    • Mission Imbalance
      • Only 10-15% of eligible Airmen carrying the load (~80K of ~600K)
      • Retention and recruitment concerns rising
      • Combat capability eroding
      • Limited predictability and stability
aef defined
AEF Defined
  • AEF is the force generation construct that allows the Air Force to prepare and present forces (capabilities) globally
    • Meet Combatant Commander requirements
    • Provide Airmen deployment predictability
    • Maintain home station readiness
    • Provides capabilities, not specific airframes
aef applies to all airmen
AEF Applies to All Airmen
  • … everyAirman is an expeditionaryAirman, whom the Joint Team counts on every day to be trained and battle ready.
principles of aef
Principles of AEF
  • Predictability
    • Tempo banding allows Airmen to know when they are vulnerable for deployment
    • Rotational operations are optimal for training, retention, and quality of life
  • Equitability
    • AEF ensures personnel in same career field deploy at same pace
    • AEF allows better Total Force integration
  • Transparency
    • AEF allows all Airmen to know the operation of AEF—no mystery involved
previous aef construct
Previous AEF Construct

AEF 1/2

AEF 1 & 2

AEF 3/4

AEF 5/6

AEF 7/8

AEF 9/10

120-Days

120-Days

120-Days

120-Days

120-Days

120-Days

Spin-up/ Deploy Prep

Normal Training

AEF 3 & 4

Spin-up/ Deploy Prep

Normal Training

AEF 5 & 6

Spin-up/ Deploy Prep

Normal Training

AEF 7 & 8

Spin-up/ Deploy Prep

Normal Training

AEF 9 & 10

Spin-up/ Deploy Prep

AEF Cycle 20-Months

Staggered Cycles Support Combat Readiness

current aef construct tempo banding
Current AEF Construct: Tempo Banding

All Airmen are assigned to a band

enablers
Enablers
  • Not part of a tempo band
  • Enablers are always on-call
    • Enablers’ mission is inherently unpredictable
  • Limited supply/high demand assets
    • Examples:
      • Joint Surveillance Targeting

Attack Radar System (JSTARS)

      • B-2 squadrons
      • Contingency Response Groups
      • Special Operations
institutional forces if
Institutional Forces (IF)
  • Institutional forces assigned to tempo band “X”
  • Forces assigned to organizations responsible for carrying out statutory functions
    • Organizing (i.e. Headquarters Staff)
    • Training (i.e. ROTC or OTS Instructor)
    • Recruiting (i.e. Enlisted Recruiters)
  • Organizations do not represent warfighting capability
  • X-banded IF are still deployable

X2

X3

1:4 AC Postured; 6-Month Vulnerability Period (6-months deployed – 24 Months Home)

X1

X2

X4

X5

X1

X3

3

aef next
AEF Next
  • Proposed future of AEF
    • Proposed implementation 2015
  • Based on sister services’ deployment methods
    • Army Brigade Combat Team (BCT)
    • Navy Carrier Strike Group (CSG)
    • Marine Corps Expeditionary Forces (MEF)
  • Sister services’ methods deploy forces in one large, unified unit
    • Home station unit deploys

together to deployed location

force presentation comparison
Force Presentation Comparison

Carrier Strike Group (CSG)

II

I

Heavy Brigade Combat Team

III

3 MEFs

73 BCTs

11 CSGs

10 AEFs Tempo Band A

5 AEFs Tempo Bands B thru E

Current construct fails to communicate AF Force Presentation with same simplicity as other Services

aef next1
AEF Next
  • AEF Next will employ greater “teaming” concept
    • Units or portions of units from home station will deploy together
  • Air Power Teams (APTs)
    • New unit of measure that consists of a team of AF wing(s) working together to provide capability-based warfighting units
    • Air, space or cyberspace capability-based assets and forces
air power teams apts
Air Power Teams (APTs)
  • 6 Types of Air Power Teams (APTs):
      • Strike
      • Mobility
      • C2ISR (Command & Control; Intelligence, Surveillance, Reconnaissance)
      • Space & Cyberspace
      • Special Operations
      • Agile Combat Support (ACS)
      • ACS APTs contain base operating support
      • All Other APTs contain operations & maintenance support (munitions if applicable)
air power teams a pts
Air Power Teams (APTs)

6 Team Categories / 31 Types of APT Capabilities / Total: 128 APTs

Space / Cyberspace

Special Operations

Strike

(1) Space Control

(3) Space Support

(2) Global Space Msn Op

(1) Cyber Support

(1) Cyber Defense

(1) Cyber Offense

(2) Precision Strike

(5) Specialized Air Mobility

(3) ISR

(1) Communication

(2) Force Support

(7) Command & Control

(1) Building Partnership

(7) Air Superiority(13) Precision Strike(5) Electronic Attack (1) Nuclear (3) Long Range Strike (5) Personnel Recovery

TOTAL: 34 Teams

TOTAL: 9 Teams

TOTAL: 21 Teams

C2ISR

Agile Combat Support

Mobility

(4) C2 (Airborne)(7) ISR (Airborne)(3) ISR (Ground)

Field

Base

Protect

Support

Sustain

(7) Intra-theater Airlift(8) Inter-theater Airlift(10) Air Refueling(5) Op Support Airlift

TOTAL: 14 Teams

TOTAL: 30 Teams

TOTAL: 20 Teams

force presentation comparison1
Force Presentation Comparison

Carrier Strike Group (CSG)

II

I

Heavy Brigade Combat Team

III

3 MEFs

73 BCTs

11 CSGs

128 APTs

Airpower Teams (APTs)

AEF Next: AF Force Presentation with same simplicity

aew unit patch representation
AEW Unit Patch Representation
  • Current AEF Tempo Bands
  • AEF Next Force Presentation

WRT-ST

WRT-MO

WRT-MO

WRT-MO

8 APTs

1 Strike, 3 Mobility, & 4 C2ISR Teams

Team 8

Team 3

Team 7

Team 8

WRT-CI

WRT-CI

WRT-MO

WRT-CI

Team 3

Team 9

Team 3

Team 9

194 Wings / Organizations

summary
Summary
  • Expeditionary Heritage
  • AEF Defined
  • Current AEF Construct
  • AEF Next