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Chapter 6. Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration. Chapter Objectives. Define curriculum and explain curriculum standards and learning benchmarks Explain technology integration, also called curriculum integration

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chapter 6

Chapter 6

Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration

chapter objectives
Chapter Objectives
  • Define curriculum and explain curriculum standards and learning benchmarks
  • Explain technology integration, also called curriculum integration
  • Describe the use of computers in computer labs versus classroom instruction
  • Identify ways in which technology can positively influence learning

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration

chapter objectives3
Chapter Objectives
  • Identify ways to plan for technology integration
  • Explain various planning tools and instructional models
  • Describe the steps of the ASSURE Model
  • Identify ways to get started using technology at a new school
  • Describe the use of learning centers

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration

what is curriculum
What is Curriculum?
  • The knowledge, skills, and performance standards students are expected to acquire in particular grade levels
  • Plan or written document
  • Governing associations for educational reforms and regulations include:
    • Federal DOE
    • State DOEs

(Departments of Education)

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration

what is curriculum5
What is Curriculum?
  • Curriculum Standards and Benchmarks
    • Curriculum standard (goal)
      • Defines what a student is expected to know at certain stages of education
    • Benchmark (objective)
      • Specific, measurable learning objective
  • Curriculum frameworks usually include:
    • Standards or goals (subject-specific) and benchmarks.
    • Activities and evaluation forms
  • Some states and districts have Grade Level Expectations (GLE)
    • Provide the content and skills expected to master

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration

slide6

Curriculum standard (goal)

Defines what students are expected to know at each stage of education.

Benchmark (learning objective)

Measurable learning outcome

Tied to a standard

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration

what is technology integration
What is Technology Integration?
  • Combining of all technology parts, such as hardware and software, together with each subject-related area of curriculum to enhance learning
  • Establish connections between subject matter and the real world

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration

what is technology integration8
What is Technology Integration?
  • Classroom Integration versus Computer Labs
    • Point of instruction
      • Technology in the classroom at the teachers’ and students’ fingertips
      • Classroom technology makes answers available immediately
    • Computer labs, on the other hand, are nice, but often inconvenient due to scheduling

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration

what is technology integration9
What is Technology Integration?
  • Classroom Integration versus Computer Labs
    • Point of instruction
      • Teachable moments
        • “Windows of opportunity”
        • Potential for greatest comprehension
  • The teacher becomes a “facilitator of learning”

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration

slide10

Most students learn using a combination of several learning styles

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration

integrating technology into the curriculum
Integrating Technology into the Curriculum
  • Technology can motivate students’ “desire to learn” and increase class attendance
  • Technology must be integrated into the curriculum
    • Identify goals and focus activities accordingly
    • Develop innovative ways to teach a diverse population of learners with different learning styles
    • Promote an atmosphere where students can create their own learning
    • Use questioning (inquiry) to stimulate problem-solving

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration

slide12

Technology is a tool that creates valuable learning experiences for many different types of learners

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration

changing instructional strategies
Changing Instructional Strategies
  • Teachers are shifting from being the dispenser of knowledge to being the facilitator of learning
    • Students can accomplish learning with the teachers’ assistance
    • Learning is not just storage of knowledge, but includes problem solving
    • Classes can now take virtual field trips
      • “Walk” down halls and through doorways
      • “See” everything in 3-D

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration

barriers to technology integration
Barriers to Technology Integration
  • Lack of teacher training
  • Lack of administration support
  • Limited time for teacher planning
  • Placement of computers in remote locations
  • Budget constraints

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration

technology integration and the learning process
Technology Integration and the Learning Process
  • The Learning Process
    • Authentic learning
      • Instructional activities that demonstrate real-life connections by associating the concept being taught with a real-life activity or event

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration

technology integration and the learning process17
Technology Integration and the Learning Process
  • The Learning Process
    • Active learning
      • Students become active in the learning process
      • Students are involved and interested in learning
    • Anchored instruction
      • Providing a knowledge base on which students can build

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration

technology integration and the learning process18
Technology Integration and the Learning Process
  • The Learning Process
    • Problem-based instruction
      • Students use the background (anchor) information to solve complex problems
    • Discovery learning
      • Inquiry-based method for teaching and learning

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration

technology integration and the learning process19
Technology Integration and the Learning Process
  • Technology and the Learning Process
    • Numerous technology tools to support many types of instruction and learning
      • Example - Body Works
      • Allows students to build cognitive scaffold (a mental bridge of understanding concepts)
      • Encourages students to think in colors, sounds, and animations

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration

technology integration and the learning process20
Technology Integration and the Learning Process
  • Technology and the Learning Process
    • Numerous technology tools to support many types of instruction and learning
      • The Web
        • Educational equalizer
        • Allows children to experience new educational opportunities
        • Interaction with others outside of the school

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration

technology integration and the learning process22
Technology Integration and the Learning Process
  • Technology and the Learning Process
    • Numerous technology tools to support many types of instruction and learning
      • Cooperative learning
        • Collaborative groupwork
        • Students work in groups to achieve learning objectives
        • Higher-order thinking skills
    • Teachers can use an array of teaching strategies

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration

the role of the school district
The Role of the School District
  • Technology plan
    • Outline of procedure for purchasing equipment and software
    • Training
    • Plans often updated every one to three years

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration

the role of the school district25
The Role of the School District

Mentorship program

  • Teaming new teachers with experienced teachers

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration

planning for technology integration in the classroom
Planning for Technology Integration in the Classroom
  • Decide on most appropriate technology to achieve desired learner outcomes
  • Preparing the classroom environment

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration

planning for technology integration in the classroom27
Planning for Technology Integration in the Classroom
  • One-Computer Classroom
    • Maximize effectiveness of one computer
    • Use large screen television for output
    • Projection screens
    • Used to introduce topics rather than specific skills

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration

planning for technology integration in the classroom28
Planning for Technology Integration in the Classroom
  • Two-Computer Classroom
    • Develop a strategy to manage both computers
    • Many questions determine strategy
      • Will the computers be configured the same?
      • Web connectivity?
      • Will students rotate through using one or both computer on a daily basis?
      • How much time per student?

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration

planning for technology integration in the classroom29
Planning for Technology Integration in the Classroom
  • More Than Two Computers
    • Arrange classroom into learning centers
    • Use planning criteria mentioned previously

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration

planning for technology integration in the classroom30
Planning for Technology Integration in the Classroom
  • Using a Computer Lab
    • Advantages
      • One computer per student
      • Hands-on
      • Tutorials
      • Remediation
      • Cooperative learning
      • Computer skill instruction
      • Internet research
      • Whole class instruction
      • Integrated learning systems (ILS)

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration

planning for technology integration in the classroom31
Planning for Technology Integration in the Classroom
  • Using A Wireless Mobile Lab
    • Portable cart with wireless notebook computers
    • Can be transported from one classroom to another

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration

planning lessons with technology
Planning Lessons with Technology
  • Must consider skill levels of students
    • Skill assessment survey
  • Always consider the appropriate technology to achieve desired learner outcomes

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration

planning lessons with technology33
Planning Lessons with Technology
  • KWL Charts
    • Instructional planning chart to assist teachers in identifying curriculum objectives
      • What students Know
      • What students Want to know
      • What the will Learn

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration

instructional models
Instructional Models
  • The ASSURE Model
    • Guide for planning and delivering instruction that integrates technologies and media into the teaching process

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration

instructional models36
Instructional Models
  • The ASSURE Model
    • Analyze the learner
    • State your objectives or identify your objectives or purpose
    • Select Methods, Media, and Materials

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration

instructional models37
Instructional Models
  • The ASSURE Model
    • Utilizing Methods, Media, and Materials
    • Require Learner Participation
    • Evaluate and Revise

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration

getting started at a new school
Getting Started at a New School
  • Information About Technology
    • Find out who else in the school uses technology
    • Determine if there is a technology committee
      • Teacher’s manual
    • Determine where to get technology support

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration

getting started at a new school40
Getting Started at a New School
  • Technology Training
    • Does the school offer professional development or in-service training
    • Talk to your principal, curriculum coordinator, other teachers, or district technology coordinator

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration

getting started at a new school41
Getting Started at a New School
  • Hardware
    • Determine how to obtain additional hardware or upgrades
    • Join the technology committee
    • Educational grants

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration

getting started at a new school42
Getting Started at a New School
  • Software
    • Determine what type of software is available
    • Check the classroom to see what is already installed
    • Special education requirements
    • Procedure for obtaining additional software
    • Is a state bid list available?

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration

putting it all together
Putting it All Together
  • Creating an Integrated Learning Environment
    • Learning centers
      • Breaks classroom into many types of learning environments

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration

putting it all together45
Putting it All Together
  • The Results of Technology Integration
    • Mr. Balado’s results
      • Creative projects
      • Students were actively involved
      • Higher-level thinking
      • Improved self-esteem, self-confidence, and writing skills

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration

chapter 6 complete

Chapter 6 Complete

Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration