GHSA POLICIES, PROCEDURES, & BY-LAW CHANGES. GHSA WEB SITE. Important information at www.ghsa.net The “White Book” is on line * Constitution and By-laws * Sports Specific Procedures * Appendix B – Contest Brackets * Appendix F – Fine Schedule . OFFICIAL STARTING DATES.
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1ST Round – February 24 & 25
2nd Round – February 28 & 29
3rd Round – March 2 & 3
Semi Finals – March 7 - 9
Finals – March 9 & 10
CENTER RESTRAINING CIRCLE
Control, Player and Team
Rules 4-12-1, 4-12-2, 4-12-6
OFFICIALS’ JURISDICTION (2-2-4 New Note)
* A new note has been added to clarify the administrative responsibilities of game officials through the completion of the contest, and the administrative duties of documentation of inappropriate actions during the contest. NOTE: Similar to current GHSA Policy.
A new note was added recommending that the visiting team’s dark jersey be the darker of the school’s color scheme or black.
Light blue, light gold and light silver visiting uniforms continue to be problematic since they are difficult to differentiate from the home white jerseys.
The definition of an intentional foul was clarified and reorganized to assist in identifying specific illegal acts
A new note was added authorizing state associations to grant exceptions to NFHS playing rules for participants with disabilities, special needs and/or extenuating circumstances.
Clarified that when an opponent contacts the thrower-in, an intentional foul shall be charged to the offender.
Any type of contact on a thrower is an intentional foul.
The defender does not actually have to break the boundary plane.
This clarification will assist in more consistent enforcement.
POINTS OF EMPHASIS
Move around the players, not through the players to report to the table
Move quickly to any part of the “reporting area” (Diagram 2-23 in the Officials Manual)
Make sure you have a clear line of vision with the official scorekeeper.
Signals are the verbal and non-verbal means of communication by officials to scorers, timers, players, coaches, as well as spectators.
Each time the whistle is sounded, it should be accompanied by the proper signal.
Know the official signals and give them promptly and decisively. Avoid using unauthorized signals.
Officials should be professional in the use of signals, and should not attempt to draw attention to themselves by the use of unapproved, emotional, or theatrical signals.
It is the responsibility of the coach to have a substitute(s) at the official table within the proper time to allow a substitution.
Officials should be aware of legal substitutes waiting to be beckoned onto the court, but should NOT allow substitutes to report “on the fly”.
Multiple substitutes shall all have reported to the official table to be beckoned onto the court. Do not allow a “chorus line” of substitutes.
1. A-typical situations on the court
2. Timing/scoring issues
3. Incidents effecting the flow of the game
4. End of period/game procedures
5. Free throw administration
6. Substitutions/time out requests
NOTE: Good communication among crew members provides a higher level of “Game Awareness”.
Gatherings intended to motivate a team after the warm-up period, during or following player introductions and post-game celebrations should be performed in the area directly in front of the team bench.
If during the pregame or halftime warm-up period one team leaves the floor, the other team should not use the entire court; teams should only warm-up on their half of the court.
Tactics using the hands, arms or body that permit any player (offense or defense) to "control" (hold, impede, push, divert, slow or prevent) the movement of an opposing player is a foul.
When an offensive player uses the hands/body to push off to gain position or spacing, it is a foul.
“Hooking" by an offensive player to gain a distinct advantage, is a foul.
Any illegal use of hands, arms or body (offense or defense) that slows, prevents, impedes the progress or displaces an opposing player due to the contact, is a foul and must be called.
A legal screener must be stationary prior to contact with hands and arms close to the body.
When these two requirements are not met, and when there is sufficient contact delivered by the screener to bump, slow or displace, it is a foul on the screener.
When screening a stationary opponent from behind (outside the visual field), the screener must allow the opponent one normal step backward without contact.
When screening a moving opponent, the screener must allow the opponent time and distance to avoid contact by stopping or changing direction.
The offense may "shape up" to receive a pass or to force the defense to assume a legal guarding position at the side, in front or behind the offensive post player.
When the offensive player then uses the "swim stroke," pushes, pins, elbows, forearms, holds, clears with the body, or just generally demonstrates rough physical movements or tactics, this is a foul on the offensive player and must be called without warning.
The defense can assume a legal, vertical stance or position on the side, front or behind the offensive post player.
When a player pushes a leg or knee into the rear of an opponent, it is a foul.
When a player dislodges an opponent from an established position by pushing or "backing in," it is a foul.
When a player uses hands, forearms or elbows to prevent an opponent from maintaining a legal position, it is a foul.
When the defense undercuts (initiates lower-body non-vertical contact), slaps, pushes, holds, elbows, forearms or just generally demonstrates rough, physical movements or tactics, this is a foul on the defense and must be called without warning.
While the rules of the game can’t always prevent injuries from occurring, coaches, players and officials all have an important role to play in keeping the risk of injury to a minimum.
To assist in preventing injuries, the committee has addressed the following areas of concern:
Coaches and officials must be able to recognize the signs and symptoms of a concussion, and be well versed in and follow NFHS and the respective state association concussion guidelines.
There are several aspects of the game where injuries may be more likely to occur, but rebounding and defending were specifically noted in the injury data.
Officials must adjudicate all rules as written, especially regarding illegal contact in those two areas.
An airborne player is especially vulnerable to sustaining a serious injury with the slightest contact.
Officials should not hesitate to rule a flagrant foul when “violent” contact occurs against an opponent, especially to the head.
OFFICIALS MECHANICAL CHANGES
Reporting Area & Signaling
When a fight involving players occurs –
* The official nearest the fight should attempt to prevent other players from getting involved
* The other official(s) shall focus attention to the team bench areas
* Head Coaches may be beckoned onto the court to assist in separating the combatants. (Officials shall NOT attempt to physically separate combatants.)
* When the fight is stopped direct players/coaches to their respective team bench area
Meet as a crew to exchange information, address penalties, and determine the resuming play procedure
The “referee” will meet with both head coaches to explain the action/penalties to be administered
The “referee” will then meet with the official scorekeeper to insure documentation of infractions and resulting penalties.
The crew will then administer penalties and the resuming play procedure
The “referee” will submit a Game Report to the GHSA Office within 24 hours of the incident.