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2010 VHSL CHEER RULES CLINIC Purpose Explain new NFHS rule changes and review important safety information Review important VHSL policies and information Clinic Attendance If your school has cheerleaders, a coach must attend the annual cheer rules clinic. Clinic Attendance

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2010 VHSL CHEER RULES CLINIC

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

purpose
Purpose
  • Explain new NFHS rule changes and review important safety information
  • Review important VHSL policies and information

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

clinic attendance
Clinic Attendance
  • If your school has cheerleaders, a coach must attend the annual cheer rules clinic.

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

clinic attendance4
Clinic Attendance
  • Competition judges must attend each year to be eligible for varsity and post-season consideration

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

clinic make up
CLINIC MAKE-UP

Officials who are unable, due to extreme or unusual circumstances, to attend one of the VHSL Rules Clinics, MAY be given an opportunity to meet the clinic requirement by viewing the PowerPoint presentation online.

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

clinic make up6
CLINIC MAKE-UP

The request must come from the association commissioner or assignor.

Past clinic attendance and present circumstances along with any additional pertinent information will be considered in the decision to grant or deny the request.

If the request is granted

The official must pay a $25 administrative fee to VHSL in order to receive credit for attendance

The association commissioner/assignor must verify that the official did in fact view the presentation

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

clinic make up7
CLINIC MAKE-UP

Ditto for coaches

The request must come from Athletic Director or Principal.

Past clinic attendance and present circumstances along with any additional pertinent information will be considered in the decision to grant or deny the request.

$25 fee must be paid to VHSL.

Coach must take online rules exam.

Coaches or officials who falsify information will be subject to disciplinary action.

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

important dates sideline cheerleading
Aug. 2*

Aug. 27*

Graduation Date*

First Practice

First Performance

“Season” ends

Important DatesSideline Cheerleading

* Local restrictions may apply

* 20 daily practices required for each individual prior to first competition or first performance involving stunting

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

important dates competition cheerleading
First Practice

First Performance

District Deadline

Regional Deadline

Aug. 2*

Aug. 27*

Oct. 30

Nov. 6

Important DatesCompetition Cheerleading

* Local restrictions may apply

* 20 daily practices required for each individual prior to first competition or first performance involving stunting

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

important dates competition cheerleading10
Competition cheer squad may NOT be selected prior to August 2

If your school participates in both sideline and competition cheer, and you selected sideline cheerleaders prior to the end of the 2009-10 school year, you MUST hold a tryout for competition cheer on or after August 2.

Important DatesCompetition Cheerleading

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

important dates competition cheerleading11
VHSL State CompetitionNovember 13, 2010Stuart C. Siegel Center (VCU)Important Dates Competition Cheerleading

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

important dates competition cheerleading12
No school may permit its cheerleaders to participate in a competition after the date of the VHSL State Competition.Important DatesCompetition Cheerleading

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

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Rules Exam

Virginia High School League

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exam requirement
EXAM REQUIREMENT
  • All cheer judges must take and pass the exam to be eligible to work VHSL competitions.
    • Minimum score of 70 for regular season eligibility
    • Minimum score of 80 for post season eligibility
  • Cheer coaches who miss the rules clinic must take the exam

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

online exam
ONLINE EXAM
  • Exam will be taken online -- exams.nfhs.org
    • VHSL will provide a link to the NFHS site from the Cheer landing page of the VHSL web site.
  • NO PAPER COPIES OF THE EXAM WILL BE ISSUED.

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

testing dates
TESTING DATES
  • Exam opened on July 25, 2010
    • Exams completed by Aug. 22, 2010 – no fee
      • Officials have 4 weeks to complete the exam requirement
      • This provides our staff with time to process results from the NFHS and send information to commissioners in time to make any necessary adjustments to assignments

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

late fees
LATE FEES
  • Officials who do not complete the exam during the first four weeks must pay late fees, as follows
    • Aug. 23-29 - $50.00 late fee
    • Aug. 30 – Sept. 5, $75.00 late fee
    • After Sept. 5 - $100.00 late fee

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

exam closes
EXAM CLOSES
  • Exam will close on Thursday, September 30, 2010
  • All applicable fees must be paid before credit will be given.
  • Officials who have not completed the exam requirement may NOT be assigned to VHSL contests.

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

vhsl id required
VHSL ID REQUIRED
  • Officials must have a VHSL ID to take the exam
    • Officials should have only ONE VHSL ID, regardless of the number of sports you officiate.
    • If you do not have a VHSL ID, contact your association commissioner.
    • Registration fees must be paid prior to receiving a VHSL ID.

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

exam layout
EXAM LAYOUT
  • 100 True/False questions
  • Order of the questions is random
    • No two tests will be alike
    • If you need to re-take the exam (because you failed on your first attempt), the questions will appear in a different order.

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

re testing
RE-TESTING
  • Officials who score less than 80 may take the exam a second time
    • No additional attempts will be permitted
    • Do NOT attempt the exam until you are prepared to take it.
  • Officials who score 80 or higher on their first attempt are not permitted a second try.

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

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SPORTSMANSHIP

Virginia High School League

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sportsmanship
The sole purpose of VHSL and other “education-based” athletics and activities programs is to provide students with opportunities to learn skills that will make them better people.Sportsmanship

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

coaches
Your role as a coach is to facilitate this process.

Understand that YOU are a role model.

Your leadership, poise, timeliness, character, honesty, integrity, the way you treat people – these are just some of the ways your students will learn.

Make sure you are “teaching” the right things!

Coaches

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

judges
Judges must remember that they are ALWAYS judges, whether you are at a competition, or at the grocery store. Always be professional.

One judge represents all judges.

A judge’s integrity must be above question.

If one judge cheats, all judges are cheaters (in the eyes of coaches/fans)

Judges

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

judges26
Do not discuss other competitions, other judges, or other teams. It’s not professional, and you never know who’s listening!Judges

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

sportsmanship27
Sideline cheerleaders

Are a support group

Lead or direct cheering of student and adult fans

Aid school and game officials in the promotion of good sportsmanship

“Performing” is secondary

Sportsmanship

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

sportsmanship28
Effective cheerleading squads enhance the atmosphere in which a game is played.Sportsmanship

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

sportsmanship29
Examples of poor sportsmanship include:

Directing cheers at the opposing student body

“In-your-face” or “one-upmanship” tumbling – tumbling intended to “challenge” the other squad to do the same.

Sportsmanship

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

sportsmanship30
Yelling at or otherwise attempting to distract opposing players at any time

Using megaphones as noisemakers (other than for amplifying one’s voice)

Taunting anyone

Booing anyone

Interfering in any way with game officials, including not getting out of the way when asked to do so

Sportsmanship

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

sportsmanship31
Leading or participating in actions or cheers that are clearly negative and/or show disrespect for participants

Example: “M-i-s-s-i-t, Miss it, Miss it” (when an opponent is attempting a free throw)

Sportsmanship

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

sportsmanship32
Cheerleaders have a responsibility to

Treat opposing cheerleaders and players as they would want to be treated – as a guest or acquaintance

Select positive cheers which praise your team without antagonizing or belittling the other team.

Begin popular, positive cheers when booing or inappropriate chants begin

Respect the integrity and judgment of game officials.

Provide positive support for your team and lead others in doing the same.

Sportsmanship

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

sportsmanship33
Cheerleaders do NOT need to

Be on the field or court at the conclusion of a game

Participate in post-game handshakes with opposing players

Sportsmanship

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

sportsmanship34
It is critical that cheerleaders represent their schools and communities in a positive manner and that they encourage, through their actions and leadership, others to do the same.

This is your sole mission! It is why you are at the game.

Sportsmanship

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

sportsmanship35
VHSL has established clear guidelines for players, coaches, cheerleaders and other support groups, and fans.

Districts and Regions have been encouraged to adopt these guidelines for regular season play

Sportsmanship

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

sportsmanship36
Cheer coaches and sponsors are responsible for knowing the guidelines and requiring that your squad follow them.

Failure of a cheerleading squad to follow the adopted guidelines at a VHSL State Tournament will result in their removal from the contest.

Repetitive failure to comply with the guidelines could result in the suspension of all cheerleading activities.

Sportsmanship

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

the keys
Courtesy and respect are the keys to good sportsmanship and professional behavior!

If your words or actions are not respectful of those they are intended for, then don’t say it, and don’t do it.

The Keys

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

nfhs spirit rules
NFHS Spirit Rules
  • The Virginia High School League (VHSL) is a member of the National Federation of State High School Associations (NFHS).
  • VHSL member schools must follow NFHS rules.
  • These rules apply to ALL cheerleading programs, sideline and competition.

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

nfhs spirit rules39
Failure to abide by NFHS Spirit Rules is a violation of VHSL rules. Penalties could involve

Monetary fines

Putting your program on probation

Putting your school on probation

Most importantly, failure to abide by NFHS Spirit Rules could result in serious injuries to your cheerleaders.

NFHS Spirit Rules

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

nfhs spirit rules40
Some of the more common violations are as follows:

Performing stunts during a basketball or volleyball game when the ball is in play, including free throws in basketball; and just prior to the serve in volleyball

Standing behind the free throw line extended during a basketball game

Wearing jewelry of any kind

NFHS Spirit Rules

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

nfhs spirit rules41
Chewing gum or eating candy while cheering

Twisting dismount to a cradle involving more than one rotation when not on an appropriate surface

Performing stunts or pyramids that are more than 2 levels high

Not using the required number of spotters or bracers

NFHS Spirit Rules

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

appropriate surfaces
The definition of an “appropriate surface” is dependent on the type of skill being performed.

When performing any kind of tumbling, individual or partner stunt, the surface MUST be dry.

Cheerleader safety is paramount!

Appropriate Surfaces

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

risk management 2 1 15 concussions
Risk Management(2-1-15, Concussions)
  • Any athlete who exhibits signs, symptoms, or behaviors consistent with a concussion shall be immediately removed from the contest and shall not return to play until cleared by an appropriate healthcare professional.
risk management 2 1 15 concussions45
Risk Management(2-1-15, Concussions)
  • Mandated by NFHS Sports Medicine Advisory Committee.
  • State associations may choose to define a physician in accordance with their state statutes.
risk management 2 1 15 concussions46
Risk Management(2-1-15, Concussions)
  • Signs, symptoms and behaviors consistent with a concussion include (but are not limited to):
    • Loss of consciousness
    • Headache
    • Dizziness
    • Confusion
    • Balance problems
risk management 2 1 15 concussions47
Risk Management(2-1-15, Concussions)
  • NFHS Suggested Guidelines for Management of Concussion (in the Rule Book, Appendix B, page 87)
  • Must know state association requirements for returning the athlete to participation.
  • Concussions are very serious injuries.
risk management 2 1 15 concussions48
Risk Management(2-1-15, Concussions)
  • The coach has 100% of the responsibility during sideline activities.
  • It is imperative that coaches are informed and able to recognize signs, symptoms and behaviors consistent with concussions.
    • When in doubt – sit them out!
risk management 2 1 15 concussions49
Risk Management(2-1-15, Concussions)
  • In competitions, the responsibility for cheerleader safety is shared by coaches and judges.
  • Coaches and judges must be able to recognize signs, symptoms and behaviors consistent with concussions.
    • When in doubt – sit them out!
risk management 2 2 8 protective equipment
Risk Management(2-2-8, Protective Equipment)
  • Added a requirement that supports, braces, etc., which are hard and unyielding or have rough edges or surfaces must be padded with a closed-cell, slow-recovery foam padding no less than ½” thick.
  • Knee and ankle braces which are unaltered do not require any additional padding.
risk management 2 2 8 protective equipment51
Risk Management(2-2-8, Protective Equipment)
  • A participant wearing a cast (excluding a properly covered air cast) must not be involved in a stunt.
    • A cheerleader who has her “doctor’s permission” to participate while wearing a cast, still cannot be involved in a stunt. And, the cast must be padded in accordance with the rule.
risk management 2 2 8 protective equipment52
Risk Management(2-2-8, Protective Equipment)
  • Rationale for this change:
    • The change is a clarification from the NFHS Sports Medicine Advisory Committee
risk management 2 6 7 dismounts
Risk Management(2-6-7, Dismounts)
  • Old rule said, “A twist to a cradle involving more than one rotation is permitted only on appropriate mats, grass, rubberized, and soft-yielding surfaces.
  • New rule adds an exception which permits 1 ¼ twists from side-facing stunts if on appropriate surface.
risk management 2 6 7 dismounts54
Risk Management(2-6-7, Dismounts)
  • Rationale for this change:
    • Twist cradles from side-facing stunts present only minimally more risk than single twists. The extra ¼ twist allows the flyer to face forward before completing the rotations.
    • Change is consistent with 2-13-2, which allows an extra ¼ turn in double twisting cradles.
risk management 2 8 14 partner stunts pyramids
Risk Management(2-8-14 Partner Stunts/Pyramids)
  • “Suspended splits involving bracer(s) that originate at any height and drop to any level are legal provided all the following conditions are met:
    • The flyer has both hands in contact with the bracer(s)
    • The flyer does not become inverted.
    • The flyer has at least two bases.
    • The flyer and bracer(s) each have a separate spotter. (Exception: Bracers in shoulder sits or thigh stands.)
risk management 2 8 14 partner stunts pyramids56
Risk Management(2-8-14 Partner Stunts/Pyramids)
  • In suspended splits when the flyer is NOT released by the bases, the bracer(s) must maintain hand/arm contact with the flyer until she/he is no longer in a split position.
  • In suspended splits when the flyer IS released by the bases, the release must be continuous, vertical up-and-down movement in which the flyer remains over the base(s). The bracers must maintain hand/arm contact with the flyer during the entire loss of contact with the bases. (NOTE: See 2-12-1 – Transitional Stunts)
risk management 2 8 14 partner stunts pyramids57
Risk Management(2-8-14, Partner Stunts/Pyramids)
  • Rationale for this change:
    • Bracers are frequently used in many types of stunts. This rule allows a flyer in suspended splits to have contact with bracer(s) rather than with base(s).
risk management 3 1 6 dance drill pom
Risk Management(3-1-6, Dance/Drill/Pom)
  • Dance paws and Pedini-style dance shoes that have heels of sufficient height to raise the bottom of the foot off the floor are now legal.
risk management 3 7 dance drill pom
Risk Management(3-7, Dance/Drill/Pom)
  • Rule 3-7 is a new section defining the requirements of assisted inverted floor stunts for dance/drill/pom squads.
concussion management
Concussion Management
  • Cheerleader safety is paramount.
    • Coaches must teach safe skills.
    • Skills must be appropriate for YOUR cheerleaders.
    • Surfaces must be appropriate.
    • Advanced skills must not be taught until all basic skills have been MASTERED by ALL members of your squad.
    • Coaches should strongly consider AACCA certification.
  • A Concussion is a very serious injury.
concussion management62
Concussion Management
  • Coaches and judges must be knowledgeable and able to recognize signs and symptoms of concussion.
  • A cheerleader who exhibits signs, symptoms or behaviors associated with a concussion should be immediately removed from participation and seen by an appropriate healthcare professional.
double downs twists
Double Downs/Twists
  • Coaches are responsible for
    • Teaching and enforcing general risk management rules
    • Identifying teams’ ability levels
    • Following proper progressions in learning new skills
  • NFHS responsibility is to revise rules to minimize risk whenever trends indicate a continuation of poor execution of skills resulting in injury.
double downs twists65
Double Downs/Twists
  • Double downs/twists will no longer be allowed at the high school level after this year if coaches continue to allow athletes to perform this skill with improper technique.
  • In order to retain these skills, coaches MUST insist on “perfection before progression” when allowing teams to stunt.
jewelry
Jewelry
  • Spirit coaches are expected to follow the rules written for the safety of all participants.
  • Spirit rules regarding jewelry (2-2-1 and 3-1-2) apply to ALL spirit activities, including practices.
  • Coaches must teach and enforce this rule.
jewelry67
Jewelry
  • Examples of jewelry include, but are not limited to:
    • Necklaces
    • Bracelets
    • Rings
    • All facial and body piercings (includes spacers and fishing line)
    • Wrist bands
    • Corsages
    • Hair ties worn on the wrist
jewelry68
Jewelry
  • Making a fashion statement is not one of the responsibilities that cheerleaders have.
  • “No jewelry” means NO JEWELRY!
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VHSL COMPETITIONS

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

contest limitations
Regular season competitions ... 5*

Any competition that is not part of your district, regional or state competition

The competition “season” begins on the first practice date as published on the VHSL Calendar

Cannot select competition squad prior to this date

Contest Limitations

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

sanctioning
Competitions involving more than one non-district opponent must be sanctioned

Competitions sponsored by “outside” groups must be co-sponsored by a VHSL member school and must be sanctioned

Sanctioning

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

sanctioning72
Sanctioned events are listed under “Resources” on the main cheer page of the VHSL website

For more info about sanctioning – Lora Bickley (VHSL office) – lbickley@vhsl.org

Sanctioning

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

contest limitations73
The competition “season” ends on the “Regional Deadline” (see VHSL Calendar), or with the squad’s elimination from District, Regional or State competition, whichever is later.Contest Limitations

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

contest limitations74
Once your season has ended, you may not compete in other competitions

The VHSL State Competition is the last legal competition for any VHSL school

Contest Limitations

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

contest limitations75
Any event in which one squad’s performance is compared/ranked to other squads’ performances is, by definition, a competition.

NO VHSL school may permit any cheerleading group to represent that school in any competition after the VHSL State Competition.

Contest Limitations

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

vhsl competitions
VHSL Competitions
  • Routines
    • Minimum 2 ½ minutes
    • Maximum 3 minutes
    • Music not to exceed 90 seconds
  • Squad Size
    • Maximum of 20 cheerleaders plus 1 mascot

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

routine score
Routine Score

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routine score cont
Routine Score (Cont.)

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technical score
Technical Score

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technical score cont
Technical Score (Cont.)

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

slide81

OTHER INFORMATION

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

heat hydration
Fall season athletes are especially susceptible to heat related difficulties

Recognition

Management

Prevention

VHSL web site – Sports Medicine

Heat & Hydration

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

practice guidelines
You need a written policy

Schools may adopt VHSL “Fall Season Practice Guidelines” or develop their own

Check with your AD/DSA

BE SMART

Athletes need to acclimate to heat AND to activity

Practice Guidelines

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

frequently asked questions
Question: Since the season for Sideline cheer ends on graduation day, may a school’s sideline squad participate in a competition in January?

Answer: NO.

Frequently Asked Questions

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

frequently asked questions85
Question: May a school select it’s “sideline” cheer squad in the Spring prior to the end of the school year?

Answer: Only if permitted by your school. This is because, technically, the sideline “season” does not end until a school’s graduation date. A separate tryout for a competition squad must be held on/after the first Fall practice date as published in the VHSL Calendar.

Frequently Asked Questions

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

frequently asked questions86
Question: May a school permit its sideline cheerleaders to practice during the summer?

Answer: NO. This is a violation of VHSL Rules. Further, the athletes who participate in such illegal practices are not covered by VHSL catastrophic insurance.

Frequently Asked Questions

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

frequently asked questions87
Question: May a school permit its cheerleaders to do general conditioning during the summer?

Answer: Yes. But, conditioning may not be “sport specific”– in other words, no tumbling, cheering, or stunting. Weight training, rope jumping and other general conditioning exercises are permitted. The conditioning sessions must be “open” to all students (cannot limit to just cheerleaders or prospective cheerleaders).

Frequently Asked Questions

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

for more information
Questions about the cheerleading program AT YOUR SCHOOL should be directed to your athletic director.

Do not contact the VHSL directly without permission from your AD.

www.vhsl.org– go to the cheerleading “landing page” for general information.

For more information

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens

slide89
If you have a question regarding the legality of a stunt, email your question to the VHSL Cheerleading Rules Interpreter, BILL AHERN, at bahern@uca.com.
  • Include as a “cc.” on your email, the “commissioner” who assigns judges for your area competitions.
  • VHSL Program Coordinator for Cheerleading is Joyce Sisson, VHSL Assistant Director

Virginia High School League

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clinic cards
Please PRINT legibly – if we can’t decipher it, you weren’t here!

One card per person –fill out both sides if you officiate and coach

Clinic Cards

Virginia High School League

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slide91
Thank you for your attention.

Virginia High School League

Building Better Citizens