Chapter 14 十八世紀晚期 : HAYDN AND MOZART . 前言.
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b. A slow movement
c. A minuet and trio
d. A fast finale, usually in sonata or rondo form
5. 除了慢板樂章是關係調外, 其餘樂章都是同一調性.
6. Haydn 格式成為之後作家的標準.
海頓交響曲 104, IV
呈示 發展 再現 尾奏
形式∥: A A B C :∥ ｜A A B C ∥ ∥
主調~ 屬調 關係小調~~屬調 主調~主調~~e ~主調~
2. 1788年後, 受入減少且理財不當, 似乎有財務困難
d. The orchestra also punctuates the long solo sections.
e. The cadenza appears in the final ritornello section.
f. The orchestral transition material serves as a strong contrast to the lyric themes.
g. A significant new idea is introduced at the beginning of the development.
The second movement of a Mozart concerto resembles a lyrical aria.
The final movement is usually a rondo or sonata-rondo based on themes of a popular character.
Mozart balanced virtuosic display with colorful orchestral material, as evident in the numerous wind solos.
c. Così fan tutte (女人皆是如此, 1790)
2. Da Ponte and Mozart gave greater depth to the characters.
3. Mozart's ensembles allowed characters to express contrasting emotions at the same time.
4. Mozart's orchestration, particularly his use of winds, helped define the characters and situations.