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Program Planning: Community Nutrition Assessment. January 25, 2007. Program Planning Basics. Systematic process Continual feedback and evaluation Cyclical: based on increasing understandings of the true nature of the situation and the effectiveness of interventions.

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program planning basics
Program Planning Basics
  • Systematic process
  • Continual feedback and evaluation
  • Cyclical: based on increasing understandings of the true nature of the situation and the effectiveness of interventions.
  • Starts with an assessment of the current situation
slide3

Process Evaluation

and Adjustment

Assess

Prioritize

Analyze problem and propose model to address

Develop Intervention goals, objectives, implementation plan

Evaluate outcomes

community nutrition assessment
Community Nutrition Assessment:
  • Anchors program/intervention in the reality of the community
  • Essential part of ongoing process:
    • Needs assessment
    • Designing and implementing services
    • Evaluation
    • Improving programs and services
  • Includes community and stakeholders as fully active participants
community nutrition assessment6
Community Nutrition Assessment:
  • Based on assets more than deficits
  • Helps to integrate nutrition programs into community-based health programs and plans
successful community assessment includes
Successful Community Assessment Includes:
  • Understanding current conditions of families and individuals
  • Evaluating local capacities for supporting health and nutrition needs
  • Building community support for implementing changes
models and protocols for community assessment
Models and Protocols for Community Assessment
  • Planned Approaches to Community Health (PATCH) – CDC
  • Assessment Protocol for Excellence in Public Health (APEXPH) – NACHO (National Association of County Health Officials)
  • Moving to the Future: Developing Community Based Nutrition Services – ASTPHND (Association of State and Territorial Public Health Nutrition Directors)
strategic planning for initiatives to address local health efforts
Strategic Planning for Initiatives to Address Local Health Efforts
  • Community Assessment
  • Organize a community planning group
  • Define community boundaries
  • Gather information
    • Statistical profile
    • Qualitative data
    • Community Resources

Agency for Health Care Policy and Research

strategic planning cont
Strategic Planning, cont.
  • Analyze Information
    • Common issues
    • High risk individuals
    • Unmet needs
    • Prioritize
  • Develop and implement community health plan
  • Monitor and evaluate community health plan
steps to assessment
Steps to Assessment
  • Convene a planning group
  • Define community
  • Identify Community Assets
  • Identify Perceived Needs
  • Build Demographic Profile
  • Analyze Community Health Status
  • Analyze Community Nutrition Status
  • Identify Community Resources and Service Utilization
  • Identify common issues and unmet needs
  • Prioritize
community nutrition planning group responsibilities
Community Nutrition Planning Group: Responsibilities
  • Collect data and information
  • Identify health needs and gaps in service
  • Set priorities
  • Develop a plan
  • Help to implement interventions
  • Assist in evaluation
    • Of assessment, planning, and intervention process
    • Of impact of intervention
community nutrition planning group potential members
Community Nutrition Planning Group: Potential Members
  • Community leaders
  • Consumers
  • Health and Nutrition Service providers
  • Health organizations
  • Schools
  • Political office holders or their staff
  • Fitness professionals
  • Representatives from greater community health planning groups
define the parameters
Define the Parameters
  • Public Health Nutrition: Assuring conditions in which people can be nutritionally healthy
  • Community: “A community is any group sharing something in common”

Community Tool Box

community description
Community Description
  • Geographic boundaries
  • General history
  • Key people and leaders
  • Demographics
  • Financial & economic information
  • Important issues
  • Morale and involvement levels
  • Key allies and rivals
  • Unspoken rules and norms
  • Attitudes and opinions
  • Strengths and shortcomings
identify community assets
Identify Community Assets
  • Physical structure, place, business
  • Concerned citizens
  • History of successful efforts
  • Organizations
  • Individual and group skills
  • Communications systems
  • Relationships
identify perceived needs
Identify Perceived Needs
  • WHY?
    • To understand public opinion
    • To become aware of needs the planning group doesn’t know about
    • To gather support & expand group expertise
    • To make decisions about priorities
    • To plan programs in ways that will be acceptable to stakeholders
how do we assess perceived needs
How do we assess perceived needs?
  • Listening sessions
  • Public forums
  • Key informant interviews
  • Needs assessment survey or survey of concerns
demographic profile
Demographic Profile
  • Economic status: income, employment, % below poverty
  • Education levels
  • Age and gender
  • Race & ethnicity
  • Social factors: homelessness, immigration status, family composition, TANF utilization
community health status
Community Health Status
  • Causes of Mortality
  • Hospital discharge data
  • Disease prevalence data
  • Food bourne illness reports
  • Years of potential life lost
  • Infant mortality
community nutritional status
Community Nutritional Status
  • Pregnancy related:
    • weight gain in pregnancy
    • Pre-pregnancy weight
    • Anemia
  • Disease prevalence: HIV/AIDS, cardiovascular disease, diabetes
  • Activity levels (BRFSS)
  • Food intake: fat, fruits & vegetables (BRFSS)
  • Dental health
  • Food/dieting related behaviors (YRBS)
  • Food Security (BRFSS)
community resources service utilization
Community Resources & Service Utilization
  • What resources are available?
  • To what extent are people using them?
  • Sources of Information:
    • Citizens
    • Service providers
  • Tools
    • Existing data
    • Interviews
    • Surveys
examples of community nutrition resources
Examples of Community Nutrition Resources
  • Food assistance programs (WIC, Basic Food, etc.)
  • Grocery stores with high quality produce
  • Food Service with health promoting food options
  • Educational programs
  • Media
  • Profession and non-profit organizations
  • Nutrition counseling
criteria for defining prioritizing community problems
Criteria for defining/prioritizing community problems
  • Frequency
  • Duration
  • Scope or range
  • Severity
  • Perceptions
  • Root causes (“but why?”) & ability to impact root causes (effectiveness of interventions)
  • Barriers to resolutions
  • Political and financial support
group work roles
Group Work: Roles
  • Assign roles within a breakout group:
    • Student
    • Parent
    • Teacher
    • School administrator
    • Dietitian in School-based health center
group work develop problem list
Group Work: Develop Problem List
  • Brainstorm nutrition related issues & problems that arise from these data
  • Choose 5 issues that are of interest to all stakeholders
  • Prioritize these issues using criteria in these slides
  • Establish the one issue or problem that all stakeholders will be comfortable working on for the next two weeks