Nutrition • Nutrition is the science that studies the substances in food and how the body uses them. • Nutrition is basically what we eat and how our body process it.
Food is Fuel • When ever we feel hungry, our bodies send us messages that we need fuel. • To our bodies, our fuel is actually food. It gives us energy and provides our bodies with the tools needed to grow and repair itself.
Nutrients • Nutrients are substances in food that your body needs. • Think of nutrients as members of a team. Each one has a special job to do and each one is important to the team.
Nutrients • There are 6 categories of nutrients. They are: • Carbohydrates • Proteins • Fats • Vitamins • Minerals • Water
Carbohydrates • Carbohydrates are the main source of energy for your body.
Foods With Carbohydrates • Sugars • Bread • Rice • Pasta • Potatoes
Proteins • Proteins are essential for the growth and repair of all the cells in your body.
Foods With Proteins • Meat Products • Eggs • Dairy Products • Beans
Fats • Fats a source of energy found in foods. • Fats help carry certain vitamins through our bloodstream and help keep your skin healthy. • Eating too much fat results in weight gain.
Foods With Fat • Sweets • Fast Foods
Vitamins • Vitamins are substances that help regulate body functions. • Vitamins help you fight diseases and germs that enter the body.
Foods With Vitamins • Vegetables • Meats • Fruits • Some breads
Minerals • Minerals are elements in foods that help your body work properly. • Minerals help strengthen bones, keep muscles healthy, and help your heart beat regularly.
Foods With Minerals • Milk • Meats • Dried Beans • Vegetables • Fruits • Cereals
Water • Water is a nutrient that carries other nutrients around the body and also removes waste from the body.
Importance of Water • Our bodies are made up of about 70-80 percent of water. • You need 6-8 cups of water daily.
Food Groups and MyPlate • We are going to learn the different food groups and how much of each food group we should eat daily.
MyPlate • MyPlate is a guide that is was designed by the government to help people make better food choices and to remind us how to eat more healthfully. • It contains five 5 groups.
The Food Groups & MyPlate • Fruits • Vegetables • Proteins • Grains • Dairy
Fruits • Oranges • Apples • Strawberries • Grapes • Pineapples • Watermelon • Bananas • Fruit Juice (100% only)
Fruits • ½ of your plate should be fruits and veggies. • Only fruit juices with 100% fruit juice are in this group. • Includes fresh, canned, frozen, or dried fruit. • You should aim to get a variety of fruits.
Fruits • Teen Males- 2 Cups Per Day • Teen Females- 1 ½ Cups Per Day
Give some different examples of items that would be in the vegetable group?
Vegetables • Broccoli • Celery • Tomatoes • Carrots • Potatoes • Corn • Mushrooms • Onions • Vegetable Juice (100%)
Vegetables • ½ of your plate should be fruits and veggies. • Only vegetable juices with 100% vegetable juice are in this group. • Includes fresh, canned, frozen, or dried vegetables. • Try to get a variety of different veggies.
Vegetables • Teen males – 3 Cups Per Day • Teen females – 2 ½ Cups Per Day
Give some different examples of items that would be in the protein group?
Proteins • Meats • Poultry • Fish • Beans • Eggs • Nuts
Proteins • Always trim fat off of meat before cooking. • Choose “lean” cooking methods such as: grilling, baking, broil, or roast. • Try not to eat fried protein foods. • Eat a variety of protein foods.
Proteins • Teen Males – 6 ½ Ounces Per Day • Teen females – 5 Ounces Per Day
Grains • Breads • Oatmeal • Rice • Pasta • Tortilla’s • Cereal • Wheat