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Nutrition

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Nutrition

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  1. Nutrition

  2. What do you think of when you hear the word nutrition?

  3. Nutrition • Nutrition is the science that studies the substances in food and how the body uses them. • Nutrition is basically what we eat and how our body process it.

  4. Food is Fuel • When ever we feel hungry, our bodies send us messages that we need fuel. • To our bodies, our fuel is actually food. It gives us energy and provides our bodies with the tools needed to grow and repair itself.

  5. What is a nutrient?

  6. Nutrients • Nutrients are substances in food that your body needs. • Think of nutrients as members of a team. Each one has a special job to do and each one is important to the team.

  7. Nutrients • There are 6 categories of nutrients. They are: • Carbohydrates • Proteins • Fats • Vitamins • Minerals • Water

  8. Carbohydrates

  9. Carbohydrates • Carbohydrates are the main source of energy for your body.

  10. Foods With Carbohydrates • Sugars • Bread • Rice • Pasta • Potatoes

  11. Proteins

  12. What types of food do you think contain protein?

  13. Proteins • Proteins are essential for the growth and repair of all the cells in your body.

  14. Foods With Proteins • Meat Products • Eggs • Dairy Products • Beans

  15. Fats

  16. Fats • Fats a source of energy found in foods. • Fats help carry certain vitamins through our bloodstream and help keep your skin healthy. • Eating too much fat results in weight gain.

  17. What types of foods do you think contain fat?

  18. Foods With Fat • Sweets • Fast Foods

  19. Vitamins

  20. Vitamins • Vitamins are substances that help regulate body functions. • Vitamins help you fight diseases and germs that enter the body.

  21. Foods With Vitamins • Vegetables • Meats • Fruits • Some breads

  22. Minerals

  23. Minerals • Minerals are elements in foods that help your body work properly. • Minerals help strengthen bones, keep muscles healthy, and help your heart beat regularly.

  24. Foods With Minerals • Milk • Meats • Dried Beans • Vegetables • Fruits • Cereals

  25. Water

  26. Water • Water is a nutrient that carries other nutrients around the body and also removes waste from the body.

  27. Importance of Water • Our bodies are made up of about 70-80 percent of water. • You need 6-8 cups of water daily.

  28. Food Groups and MyPlate

  29. Food Groups and MyPlate • We are going to learn the different food groups and how much of each food group we should eat daily.

  30. What is MyPlate?

  31. MyPlate • MyPlate is a guide that is was designed by the government to help people make better food choices and to remind us how to eat more healthfully. • It contains five 5 groups.

  32. The Food Groups & MyPlate • Fruits • Vegetables • Proteins • Grains • Dairy

  33. Fruits

  34. Give some different examples of items that would be in the fruit group?

  35. Fruits • Oranges • Apples • Strawberries • Grapes • Pineapples • Watermelon • Bananas • Fruit Juice (100% only)

  36. Fruits • ½ of your plate should be fruits and veggies. • Only fruit juices with 100% fruit juice are in this group. • Includes fresh, canned, frozen, or dried fruit. • You should aim to get a variety of fruits.

  37. Fruits • Teen Males- 2 Cups Per Day • Teen Females- 1 ½ Cups Per Day

  38. Vegetables

  39. Give some different examples of items that would be in the vegetable group?

  40. Vegetables • Broccoli • Celery • Tomatoes • Carrots • Potatoes • Corn • Mushrooms • Onions • Vegetable Juice (100%)

  41. Vegetables • ½ of your plate should be fruits and veggies. • Only vegetable juices with 100% vegetable juice are in this group. • Includes fresh, canned, frozen, or dried vegetables. • Try to get a variety of different veggies.

  42. Vegetables • Teen males – 3 Cups Per Day • Teen females – 2 ½ Cups Per Day

  43. Proteins

  44. Give some different examples of items that would be in the protein group?

  45. Proteins • Meats • Poultry • Fish • Beans • Eggs • Nuts

  46. Proteins • Always trim fat off of meat before cooking. • Choose “lean” cooking methods such as: grilling, baking, broil, or roast. • Try not to eat fried protein foods. • Eat a variety of protein foods.

  47. Proteins • Teen Males – 6 ½ Ounces Per Day • Teen females – 5 Ounces Per Day

  48. Grains

  49. What types of foods would be in the grains group?

  50. Grains • Breads • Oatmeal • Rice • Pasta • Tortilla’s • Cereal • Wheat