Prepositions SC English 28 Sept. 2007
Prepositions • Prepositions connect their objects (a noun or pronoun) to some other word in the sentence. • p.372 in your text lists fifty of the most commonly used prepositions.
Preposition • Example: • Dad walked toward the door. • What do you think the preposition is? • What do you think is the object of the preposition? • What word is the preposition linking its object to?
Prepositions • Dad walked toward the door. • Preposition is in red • Object of preposition is in purple • Word being connected is in gold.
You try one…. • The man in the black hat looks dangerous. • What is the preposition? • What is the object of the preposition? • What is being connected?
Prepositions • The man in the black hat looks dangerous. • Preposition: in • Obj. of Prep: hat • Connected: man- hat
Prepositional phrases • A preposition MUST(!!!!!!) be part of a prepositional phrase. • Say that out loud 4 times. • After class, say it to yourself 400 times • A prepositional phrase must always be followed by a noun or pronoun. The group of words beginning with the preposition and ending with the noun or pronoun is called the prepositional phrase.
Example • Alice fell through the looking glass. • What is the preposition? • What is the noun or pronoun (object) pertaining to the preposition? • If you know what these two are, what is the prepositional phrase?
Example (Cont.) • Alice fell through the looking glass. • Prep: through • Object: glass • Prep. Phrase: through the looking glass.
You try it! • Bubba disappeared between the cracks. • The rocket flew off into space. • Troy grew up to become President of the United States. • Mr. Swartos grew up to become fabulously wealthy.
Answers • Bubba disappeared between the cracks. • The rocket flew off into space. • Troy grew up to become President of the United States. • Mr. Swartos drove across the country.
Compound objects of prepositions • Prepositions often have more than one object. • Tom bought gifts for Bubba and Bubbette.
Compound prepositions • Prepositions consisting of two or three words are called compound prepositions • Mr. Swartos succeeded in making Troy learn by means of persuasion and brute force. • List of compound prepositions is found on p. 373 in your text.
Prepositions affect the meaning of sentences. • The girls played (near, opposite, in back of) the gym. • Troy finished his homework (before, after, in addition to) watching television. • Each preposition changes the entire meaning of the sentence.
Preposition or Adverb? • Prepositions and adverbs can be difficult to distinguish. • Some words can be used as either, depending on how they are used in the sentence.
Preposition or Adverb? • To be a preposition, a word must have an object and be part of a prepositional phrase. • To be an adverb, a word must modify a verb. Adverbs have no objects.
Preposition or Adverb? • The ball flew past third base. • past- has an object (third base), part of a prepositional phrase (past third base), preposition. • The umpire ran past quickly. • past- modifies a verb (past), no object, adverb. • Please come inside soon. • Inside- modifies a verb (come), no object, adverb. • They sat inside the dugout. • Inside- has an object (dugout), part of a prepositional phrase (inside the dugout), a preposition.
Your turn… • In modern baseball, an umpire stands behind home plate. • The players warm up before the game. • They’ve practiced the skills many times before.
Answers • Preposition • Preposition • Adverb
Assignment • Read through pp. 372-375 in your text. • Do Ex. 3 and 4 on pp. 374-375. • Type out the 50 most common prepositions on a 3 x 5 area that you can attach to a note card. • Enjoy your weekend!