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CHAPTER 13 QUIT European Middle Ages, 500–1200 Chapter Overview Time Line Germanic Kingdoms Unite Under Charlemagne 1 MAP SECTION Feudalism in Europe 2 SECTION GRAPH The Age of Chivalry 3 SECTION The Church Wields Power 4 SECTION Visual Summary CHAPTER 13 Chapter Overview

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

CHAPTER

13

QUIT

European Middle Ages,500–1200

Chapter Overview

Time Line

Germanic Kingdoms Unite Under Charlemagne

1

MAP

SECTION

Feudalism in Europe

2

SECTION

GRAPH

The Age of Chivalry

3

SECTION

The Church Wields Power

4

SECTION

Visual Summary

slide2

CHAPTER

13

Chapter Overview

HOME

European Middle Ages,500–1200

After Charlemagne’s empire dissolves, people look to local leaders for protection from invaders. Feudalism and knighthood develop as a result of this need for protection. Later kings fail to revive Charlemagne’s empire. They struggle with the Church for power.

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CHAPTER

13

1200

500

HOME

European Middle Ages,500–1200

Time Line

732Charles Martel stops Muslim invasion.

900s Outside invasions spur growth of feudalism.

1190 Holy Roman Empire weakens.

511Clovis unites Franks under Christian rule.

800Charlemagne crowned emperor by the pope.

962Otto the Great crowned emperor.

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1

HOME

Germanic Kingdoms

Unite Under Charlemagne

MAP

Key Idea

Invasions cause the fall of the Roman Empire, which is replaced by small kingdoms. The leader of the Frankish kingdom converts to Christianity. This religion spreads through western Europe as the Frankish kingdom expands. Charlemagne builds the Frankish kingdom into an empire.

Overview

Assessment

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1

TERMS & NAMES

MAIN IDEA

HOME

Germanic Kingdoms

Unite Under Charlemagne

MAP

Overview

•Middle Ages

•Franks

•monastery

•secular

•Carolingian Dynasty

•Charlemagne

WHY IT MATTERS NOW

Many Germanic kingdoms that succeeded the Roman Empire were reunited under Charlemagne’s empire.

Charlemagne spread Christian civilization through northern Europe, where it had a permanent impact.

Assessment

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1

1

Section

Assessment

Method of Spreading Christianity

Clovis

Benedict

Gregory I

Charles Martel

Charlemagne

HOME

Germanic Kingdoms

Unite Under Charlemagne

MAP

1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. Summarize how each person listed below helped spread Christianity.

Converted himself and his army

Wrote rule book for monasteries

Extended papal power; blended church and government power

Defeated Muslims at Battle of Tours

Spread Christianity through conquests; was crowned emperor by pope

continued . . .

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1

HOME

Germanic Kingdoms

Unite Under Charlemagne

MAP

1

Section

Assessment

2. After the fall of the Roman Empire, learning declined. How was this trend offset during the early Middle Ages?THINK ABOUT

•the establishment of monasteries

•Charlemagne’s accomplishments

ANSWER

•Monks opened schools, maintained libraries, copied books, and wrote scholarly works.

•Charlemagne opened a palace school and supported learning.

Possible Responses:

continued . . .

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1

HOME

Germanic Kingdoms

Unite Under Charlemagne

MAP

1

Section

Assessment

3. How does Charlemagne’s empire in medieval Europe compare with the Roman Empire?THINK ABOUT

•the extent of the empire

•the spread of Christianity

•how long each empire endured

ANSWER

  • Charlemagne’s empire covered parts of western Europe, a much smaller area than the Roman Empire.
  • Both empires helped spread Christianity.
  • Charlemagne’s empire lasted only 75 years, while the Roman Empire endured for nearly 600 years.

Possible Responses:

End of Section 1

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2

HOME

Feudalism in Europe

GRAPH

Key Idea

New invasions create chaos in western Europe. People look to local leaders, rather than to a central ruler, for protection. The system of feudalism develops, in which protection is provided in exchange for land or labor. Social classes become well defined under this system.

Overview

Assessment

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2

TERMS & NAMES

MAIN IDEA

HOME

Feudalism in Europe

GRAPH

Overview

•lord

•fief

•vassal

•knight

•serf

•manor

• tithe

WHY IT MATTERS NOW

Europeans developed feudalism, a political and military system of protective alliances and relationships.

The rights and duties of feudal relationships helped shape today’s forms of representative government.

Assessment

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2

2

Section

Assessment

Causes

Rise of Feudalism

Effects

HOME

Feudalism in Europe

GRAPH

1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. Explain the reasons why feudalism developed, and describe its consequences.

Magyar, Muslim, and Viking invasions;

decline of centralized government

Increased emphasis on warfare and the control of land;

well-defined social classes

continued . . .

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2

HOME

Feudalism in Europe

GRAPH

2

Section

Assessment

2. What benefits do you think a medieval manor provided to the serfs who lived there? What were the drawbacks?THINK ABOUT

•the duties and rights of serfs

•serfs’ living conditions

ANSWER

Benefits: Fulfilled basic needs for food, shelter, and protection; provided security and a sense of belonging to a community

Drawbacks: Limited freedom; backbreaking labor; no awareness of the outside world; poor living conditions

Possible Responses:

End of Section 2

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3

HOME

The Age of Chivalry

Key Idea

Feudal lords create private armies of knights, who live by a complex set of ideals that guide behavior. Warfare is brutal, but poems idealize the life of a knight. In literature and songs, women are glorified as objects of romantic love. In reality most women are powerless.

Overview

Assessment

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3

TERMS & NAMES

MAIN IDEA

HOME

The Age of Chivalry

Overview

•chivalry

•tournament

•troubadour

WHY IT MATTERS NOW

The code of chivalry for knights glorified combat and romantic love.

Chivalry has shaped modern ideas of romance in Western cultures.

Assessment

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3

Chivalry

HOME

The Age of Chivalry

3

Section

Assessment

1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. List ideas associated with chivalry.

courtly love

courage

war games

for glory

epic poems

horses as

status symbols

Christian faith

loyalty

courtesy

women on pedestal

continued . . .

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3

HOME

The Age of Chivalry

3

Section

Assessment

2. Do you think the idea of romantic love helped or hindered women? Why?THINK ABOUT

•pros and cons of placing women on a “pedestal”

•the Church’s view of women

•the lyrics of love songs quoted in the text

ANSWER

Helped women: Showed new respect and admiration; made the love between men and women more important; offset Church’s dim view of women

Hindered women: Fostered unrealistic visions of women; encouraged a distant admiration of women instead of a respect for women’s abilities and ideas; valued unrequited love over relationships or marriage; applied to very few women

Possible Responses:

continued . . .

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3

HOME

The Age of Chivalry

3

Section

Assessment

3. What positive effects might the code of chivalry have had on feudal society?THINK ABOUT

•the ideals of chivalry

•the education of a knight

•the importance of religious faith

•the violence and constant warfare during the Middle Ages

ANSWER

• taught boys about courtesy and honor

• softened the brutality of a warlike society

• created guidelines for social behavior

• encouraged the virtues of loyalty, faith, and bravery

• inspired great literature

Possible Responses:

End of Section 3

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4

HOME

The Church Wields Power

Key Idea

German kings’ attempts to revive Charlemagne’s empire and his alliance with the Church by invading Italy fail. The Church resents the power German kings have to appoint church officials.

Overview

Assessment

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4

TERMS & NAMES

MAIN IDEA

HOME

The Church Wields Power

Overview

•clergy

•sacrament

•canon law

•Holy Roman Empire

•lay investiture

WHY IT MATTERS NOW

Church leaders and political leaders competed for power and authority.

Today many religious leaders still voice their opinions on political issues.

Assessment

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4

936

1077

1190

962

1122

HOME

The Church Wields Power

4

Section

Assessment

1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. The dates below were significant during the Holy Roman Empire. Explain the importance of each date shown.

Otto I crowned king.

Henry IV’s journey to Canossa

(power struggle)

Frederick I’s empire breaks up into feudal states.

Otto I crowned emperor.

Concordat of Worms

(power struggle)

continued . . .

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4

HOME

The Church Wields Power

4

Section

Assessment

2. Do you think the Concordat of Worms was a fair compromise for both the emperor and the Church? Why or why not?THINK ABOUT

•the Church’s authority in spiritual matters

•the emperor’s political power

•the problems that remained unresolved

ANSWER

Yes. It gave the Church the right to appoint bishops.

No. The emperor still had ultimate control over the appointment of bishops.

Possible Responses:

End of Section 4