Iceland integrating technology needs and responsibility for sustainable living
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Iceland – Integrating Technology, Needs, and Responsibility For Sustainable Living. Amish & Jen Dedicated to Team Daedalian And 1 car 1. Overview of Topics:. Iceland’s Identity Industries Land Development Iceland’s Resources Biota – plants, animals, and fish

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Iceland integrating technology needs and responsibility for sustainable living l.jpg

Iceland – Integrating Technology, Needs, and Responsibility For Sustainable Living

Amish & Jen

Dedicated to Team Daedalian

And 1 car 1


Overview of topics l.jpg
Overview of Topics: Responsibility For Sustainable Living

  • Iceland’s Identity

  • Industries

  • Land Development

  • Iceland’s Resources

  • Biota – plants, animals, and fish

  • Image – tourism and the economy

  • The Government and Energy Plan

  • Pollution

  • Iceland – Today and Tomorrow


Iceland s identity l.jpg
Iceland’s Identity: Responsibility For Sustainable Living

  • Energy Independence

  • International acceptance of venture

    • Money

    • Infrastructure

  • Ministry of the Environment

  • Tradeoffs

    • Power Plants


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Industry Responsibility For Sustainable Living

Fishing

Natural Resources

Land

Encourage Business Investment


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Besides Responsibility For Sustainable Living

  • Aluminum Smelting

  • Ferrosilicon

  • Renewable Energy

  • Software, Biotech


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Land Development Responsibility For Sustainable Living

  • Birth to death ratio ~ 2+

  • Alcoa and the East

  • Job Creation

  • Maintain clean image


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Iceland’s Resources: Responsibility For Sustainable Living

  • Iceland is a geologically young land mass

    • 2 million years old.

    • Lacks conventional resources

  • Oil issues

    • 90% of citizens live on the coast

    • High monetary cost

    • Economic fishing zone

  • Abandoning oil


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Iceland’s Past: Responsibility For Sustainable Living

  • Clean and Untouched

    • Current reputation that transcends all sectors

  • Dirty Past

    • Answered to “The Man” at one time

  • Willingness to change

    • Vulnerability


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Biota Responsibility For Sustainable Living

  • Destructive past

    • Birch Forests

    • Wetlands

    • Red listed

      • 51 / 458 vascular plants types

      • 32 / 75 birds types


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Mammals Responsibility For Sustainable Living

  • Arctic Fox

  • American Mink

  • Water Rail (mink and wetland draining)


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Fish Responsibility For Sustainable Living

  • Most important resource

  • “For the fish”

Land

  • Land pollution affects marine environment

  • Untouched to save what remains

  • Rewetting the “Dry lands”

  • National Parks , pride, and aluminum


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Iceland’s Image: Responsibility For Sustainable Living

  • Tourism

    • Clean and unspoiled

    • Outnumbering

  • Fishing

    • Before geothermal there was fishing…

      • VALUABLE RESOURCE

    • 70% of exported goods

    • Stringent regulations

      • Cod, haddock, saithe, redfish, herring, and capelin.


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Iceland’s Image: Responsibility For Sustainable Living

  • High Standard of Living

    • Decoupling of economics and environmental degradation

    • Virtually no poverty

  • Street Interviews

    • Government Agencies

    • Citizens

      • Willingness to pay! Can you believe it?


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Iceland’s Image: Responsibility For Sustainable Living

  • The Blue Lagoon

    • “Hottest” tourist attraction

    • Geothermal power plant affluent

      • Compare to U.S.A.

    • Not in the master plan

      • Profits in the end.


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Government: Responsibility For Sustainable Living

  • Not of U.S. tradition

  • Althingi – 930.

    • Thingvellir

      • Mid Atlantic Ridge

  • 1944 – Republic of Iceland

    • Dissolved relations with the Danish Monarchy


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Government – fishing rights: Responsibility For Sustainable Living

  • Transitions

    • Trade monopolies, natural disasters, and pollution

  • 1952

    • Extent of fishing rights were 4 miles off the coast

  • Today

    • 200 miles off the coast


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Government: Responsibility For Sustainable Living

  • Still not a part of the European Union

    • Fishing right impingement fears

  • Part of the European Economic Area

    • Allowed to trade and sell in the European arena


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Energy Plan: Responsibility For Sustainable Living

  • Government regulates the energy industry

  • 90% of heat

    • Thorsteinn Jonsson

  • Clean and Price Competitive

    • 5-6 Kronas 1 Krona= .01318 USD

    • Equivalent to 6.6 to 7.8 cents per kWh

    • U.S. pays 4 to 9.5 cents

  • ISO 14000


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Energy Plan: Responsibility For Sustainable Living

  • Hydrogen Economy is coming!

    • 15, 470 barrels of oil

    • Time

    • Infrastructure

    • Embracing

      • Transition in recent memory


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Environmental Plans: Responsibility For Sustainable Living

  • Reykjavik Conference on Responsible Fisheries in the Marine Ecosystem

  • United Nations Convention on the Law of the Seas

  • United Nations Global Program of Action


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Pollution Responsibility For Sustainable Living

  • Marine pollution comes from the land

    • Sewage  Low commitment

    • Persistent Organic Pollutants ***

      • PCB, DDT, HCH

      • Industry, agriculture

      • Stockholm Convention, PCB, dioxins


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Pollution Responsibility For Sustainable Living

  • Heavy Metals

    • Pb, Cd, Cu, Zn

    • Cod, mussels

  • Radioactive Substances

    • Testing

    • Sellafield nuclear reprocessing

    • Chernobyl

    • Medicine


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Pollution Responsibility For Sustainable Living

  • Oil

    • Unreported

    • Utilize renewable Energy


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Hydrogen Economy Responsibility For Sustainable Living

  • Transportation ~ 80% oil

  • Icelandic Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Co.

    • 3 buses …….. 80

  • H2 generation  Electricity can supply 22% needs

  • Plenty of room to expand


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Hydrogen Economy Responsibility For Sustainable Living

  • Cleaner image

  • Small population + lots of cars

  • Lower Greenhouse emissions

1 Hydrogen 1

1 Car 1


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Iceland Today and Tomorrow: Responsibility For Sustainable Living

  • Taking away subsidies

  • Kyoto Protocol

    • Eliminate transportation emissions

  • U.N. Convention on Bio-Diversity

    • BIOICE

  • OECD

    • Sustainable development


Iceland today and tomorrow27 l.jpg
Iceland Today and Tomorrow: Responsibility For Sustainable Living

  • Geothermal Training Program

  • Leader in environmental conservation

  • Is Iceland ahead of its time, or is the rest of the world just really behind?