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Spatial Development and Planning in Germany Manfred Sinz 副局长 联邦交通、建设与城市事务部 柏林,德国 Deputy Director General - Head of Spatial Planning Group Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Affairs Berlin, Germany Presentation 1 at the Seminar of the CEPD

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spatial development and planning in germany
Spatial Development and Planningin Germany

Manfred Sinz 副局长

联邦交通、建设与城市事务部

柏林,德国

Deputy Director General - Head of Spatial Planning Group

Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Affairs

Berlin, Germany

Presentation 1

at the Seminar of the CEPD

April 24th, 2007, Taipei, Republic of China

spatial development and planning in germany2
Spatial Development and Planningin Germany
  • Urban System and Spatial Categories
  • Social and Economic Development
  • Infrastructure and Public Services
  • Environment
  • Short Review of Spatial Planning Approaches
  • Planning System
  • Tasks and Guidelines
  • Best Practice
  • But first: The Federal State and the Länder
administrative boundaries
Administrative Boundaries
  • 16 states (Länder)
  • up to 7 districts per state
  • + system of spatial planning regions
  • 323 counties
  • more than12.000 municipalities
slide7

Central and Peripheral Areas

Level of accessibility

high

low

Highways

slide15

Development of Population

Rate of change

shrinking

growing

slide19

Level of Contentedness

Share of content people

in their region

Results of an internet poll:

Perspektive Deutschland -

McKinsey, stern, ZDF and AOL

slide22

Gateway Functions

Flight

Connections

Other Gateway Functions

Ports

Motorways

Railways

Accessibility by Car Traffic

very good

good

satisfying

bad

very bad

slide25

Safeguarding Natural Ressources and

Developing Cultural Landscapes

Protection and Risk Management

Nature and Open Space

Ground Water

Rivers and Flood Protection Areas

Planning and Shaping

Urban Landscapes

Regional Parks

Rural Landscapes

Lakes in former Surface Mining Areas

Marine Landscapes

hierarchy of plans and programs
Hierarchy of Plans and Programs

Spatial Planning at Federal Level

Federal Spatial Planning Act establishing the legal framework

Principal objective: Sustainable development and creating equivalent living conditions in all parts of the country

Spatial Planning at Länder Level

Land‘s spatial planning act

Land‘s development programs and plans

Regional impact assessment procedures

Spatial planning at regional level

Regional and sub-regional plans

Regional impact assessment procedures

Land use planning at Communal Level (master planning)

preparatory form (land use plan)

binding form (local building construction plan)

>> Subject to a system of mutual cooperation in the preparation and modification of programs and plans (principle of countervailing influence)

planning principles
Planning Principles
  • State planning and the market forces- control of public activities and investment- limited influence on private decisions and investment
  • Principle of countervailing influence between the different levels of spatial planning
  • Strong position of regions and municipalities
  • Combination of legally binding and informal planning
spatial development tasks
Spatial development tasks
  • Creating equivalent regional living conditions
  • Pursuing sustainable development
  • Achieving a balance between strong and disadvantaged regions
  • Strengthening economic potentials and promoting favourable conditions for regional investment
  • Establishing a fair division of labour between central cities, surrounding regions and rural periphery
  • Keeping spatial structures open for future development
best practice in berlin brandenburg
Best Practice in Berlin / Brandenburg
  • The following part is optional in case there are questions and if there is enough time
does it work
Does it work?
  • Efforts to contain urban development:
    • Supply policy and restrictions
    • Potential settlement areas and regional parks
slide36

Regional parks

Both city-regions same scale

Built-up area

slide39

Potential settlement

area (Type 1)

Potential settlement

area (Type 2)

slide40

Newly built residential space within the suburban area of Berlin

Potential settlement areas

Rural areas