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Developmental Milestones: Ages 0-5 Years. Brought to you by:. (806) 468-7611 Amarillo (806) 274-9856 Borger (806) 796-1774 Lubbock. 0-1 Year: Gross Motor Skills. Turns head to both sides when lying on back (0-2 mo) Lifts head up when lying on tummy (0-2 mo)

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developmental milestones ages 0 5 years
Developmental Milestones: Ages 0-5 Years
  • Brought to you by:

(806) 468-7611 Amarillo (806) 274-9856 Borger (806) 796-1774 Lubbock

0 1 year gross motor skills
0-1 Year: Gross Motor Skills
  • Turns head to both sides when lying on back (0-2 mo)
  • Lifts head up when lying on tummy (0-2 mo)
  • Holds head up 90 degrees when lying on tummy (3-5 mo)
  • Stretches out and kicks legs when lying on back or stomach (1-5 mo)
  • Holds chest up in prone while putting weight on forearms (2-3 mo)
  • Rolls from tummy to back (2-5 mo)
  • Sits independently using hands (5-8 mo)
  • Rolls from back to tummy (3-5 mo)
  • Gets into sitting position without help (6-10 mo)
  • Pulls to standing using furniture (6-10 mo)
  • Stands, holding onto objects (6-10 mo)
  • Sits without support of hands (8-9 mo)
  • Crawls forward (8-9 mo)
  • Stands alone (11-14 mo)
  • Walks holding on to furniture (9-13 mo)
  • Walks alone 2 or 3 steps (11-13 mo)
0 1 year fine motor skills
0-1 Year: Fine Motor Skills
  • Moves arms together (0-2 mo)
  • Brings hands to middle of body when lying on back (1-3 mo)
  • Grasps toys actively (2-4 mo)
  • Follows object with eyes without moving hands (4-6 mo)
  • Reaches for object with both arms (4-5 mo)
  • Reaches for and grasps objects (4-5 mo)
  • Drops objects (5-6 mo)
  • Reaches for object with one arm (5-7 mo)
  • Transfers object from one hand to another (5-7 mo)
  • Uses hand to rake small objects (7-8 mo)
  • Bangs 2 blocks together (8-12 mo)
  • Takes objects out of container (9-11 mo)
  • Lets go of objects voluntarily (9-10 mo)
  • Pokes with index finger (9-12 mo)
  • Uses index finger and thumb to pick up small objects (10-12 mo)
  • Uses hands freely (11-13 mo)
  • Puts objects into container (10-11 mo)
  • Tries to imitate scribbling (10-12 mo)
0 1 year social skills
0-1 Year: Social Skills
  • Enjoys physical contact and touch (0-3 mo)
  • Establishes eye contact (0-2 mo)
  • Develops a social smile (1-4 mo)
  • Enjoys social play (3-6 mo)
  • Becomes anxious when separated from parent (6-9 mo)
  • Cooperates in games (6-10 mo)
  • Begins to show fear with previously accepted situations (6-18 mo)
  • Shows toys to others (9-12 mo)
  • Engages in relational play (9-12 mo)
  • Explores environment (9-12 mo)
  • Tests parent’s response during feeding and bedtime (9-12 mo)
0 1 year self help skills
0-1 Year: Self Help Skills
  • Can open and close mouth in response to food (0-1 mo)
  • Coordinates sucking, swallowing, and breathing (1-5 mo)
  • Sleeps from 4-10 hour intervals at night (1-3 mo)
  • Brings hand to mouth (2-4 mo)
  • Can swallow pureed foods (3-6 mo)
  • Brings hand to mouth with objects in hand (3-5 mo)
  • Sleeps 10-12 hours at night with awakening (4-8 mo)
  • Mouths and munches solid foods (5-8 mo)
  • Holds own bottle (5-9 mo)
  • Finger feeds self (9-12 mo)
  • Holds spoon (9-12 mo)
  • Sleeps 12-14 hours at night (9-12 mo)
  • Helps with dressing by extending arms and legs (10-12 mo)
0 1 year cognitive skills
0-1 Year: Cognitive Skills
  • Responds to sounds (0-1 mo)
  • Inspects hands (2-3 mo)
  • Uses hands and mouth to explore objects (3-6 mo)
  • Can find a partially hidden object (4-6 mo)
  • Attempts to obtain desired object that is out of reach (5-9 mo)
  • Brings feet to mouth (5-6 mo)
  • Plays “peek-a-boo” (6-10 mo)
  • Plays 2-3 minutes with one object/toy (6-9 mo)
  • Looks for familiar people/pets when named (6-8 mo)
  • Responds to simple requests with gestures (7-12 mo)
  • Throws objects (9-12 mo)
  • Understands “no” and responds (9-12 mo)
  • Enjoys looking at picture books (10-14 mo)
0 1 year language skills
0-1 Year: Language Skills
  • Cries when hungry or uncomfortable (0-1 mo)
  • Makes sucking sounds (0-3 mo)
  • Cry begins to vary in pitch, volume, and length to express needs (1-5 mo)
  • Laughs (1-4 mo)
  • Coos (2-7 mo)
  • Cries rhythmically with mouth opening and closing (2-4 mo)
  • Responds to sounds by making sounds (3-6 mo)
  • Responds to own name (5-7 mo)
  • Babbles double consonants, “baba” (5-8 mo)
  • Responds to bye-bye (6-9 mo)
  • Nonspecifically says “dada” and “mama” (6-11 mo)
  • Shouts for attention (6-8 mo)
  • Shows understanding of words with gesture or behavior (9-14 mo)
  • Specifically says “dada” or “mama” (11-14 mo)
1 2 years gross motor skills
1-2 Years: Gross Motor Skills
  • Walks backwards (12-21 mo)
  • Walks well without support (13-15 mo)
  • Throws ball forward (15-18 mo)
  • Walks upstairs with one hand held (17-19 mo)
  • Kicks a ball (18-24 mo)
  • Runs well (18-24 mo)
  • Climbs onto furniture (18-21 mo)
  • Walks downstairs with one hand held (19-21 mo)
  • Walks upstairs holding rail (15-18 mo)
  • Jumps with both feet in place (22-30 mo)
  • Stands on tiptoes (23-25 mo)
1 2 years fine motor skills
1-2 Years: Fine Motor Skills
  • Builds tower using 2 blocks (12-16 mo)
  • Points with index finger (12-16 mo)
  • Scribbles on own (13-18 mo)
  • Uses hands in center of body, one holds an object while the other manipulates it (16-18 mo)
  • Can imitate vertical strokes when scribbling (20-24 mo)
  • Builds 4 block tower (18-22 mo)
  • Can imitate circles when scribbling (20-24 mo)
  • Strings 1-inch beads (20-23 mo)
  • Builds 6 block tower (22-24 mo)
  • Holds crayon with thumb and fingers (23-25 mo)
  • Snips paper with scissors (23-25 mo)
1 2 years social skills
1-2 Years: Social Skills
  • Displays independent behavior (12-15 mo)
  • Shows a sense of humor (12-18 mo)
  • Tends to be messy (12-18 mo)
  • Imitates adult behaviors, like housework
  • (15-18 mo)
  • Expresses affection (18-24 mo)
  • Shows more emotions (fear, anger, sympathy), (18-24 mo)
  • Plays parallel to peers (18-24 mo)
  • Likes rough and tumble play (18-24 mo)
  • Attempts to comfort others in distress
  • (22-24 mo)
1 2 years self help skills
1-2 Years: Self Help Skills
  • Brings spoon to mouth (12-15 mo)
  • Indicates discomfort after soiling pants (12-18 mo)
  • Scoops food and feeds self with spoon (15-24 mo)
  • Removes socks (15-18 mo)
  • Gives up bottle (18-24 mo)
  • Can remove shoes when shoestrings are undone (18-24 mo)
  • Zips and unzips a large zipper (18-21 mo)
  • Holds cup in hand (20-30 mo)
  • Turns knobs to open doors (21-23 mo)
  • Puts shoes on with help (21-30 mo)
1 2 years cognitive skills
1-2 Years: Cognitive Skills
  • Shows understanding of colors (12-18 mo)
  • Places circle in shape puzzle (12-15 mo)
  • Recognizes several people (12-18 mo)
  • Places square in shape puzzle (12-18 mo)
  • Matches objects (15-19 mo)
  • Identifies one body part (15-19 mo)
  • Can recognize and point to 4 pictures of animals (16-21 mo)
  • Solves simple problems using tools (17-24 mo)
  • Matches sounds to animals (18-22 mo)
  • Matches objects to pictures (19-27 mo)
  • Sorts objects (19-24 mo)
  • Assembles nesting blocks (19-24 mo)
  • Identifies 3 body parts (19-22 mo)
  • Places triangle in shape puzzle (21-24 mo)
  • Turns pages of a book one at a time (21-24 mo)
  • Identifies 6 body parts (22-24 mo)
1 2 years language skills
1-2 Years: Language Skills
  • Attempts to communicate (12-17 mo)
  • Uses 1-word sentences (12-14 mo)
  • Uses expressions like “oh no” (12-14 mo)
  • Says “no” (13-15 mo)
  • Can name 1-2 familiar objects (13-18 mo)
  • Uses 10-15 words spontaneously (15-17 mo)
  • Uses expressive vocabulary of 15-20 words (17-20 mo)
  • Refers to self by using own name (18-24 mo)
  • Uses 2 word phrases (20-24 mo)
  • Uses nouns, verbs, and modifiers (20-24 mo)
  • Uses intelligible words 65% of the time (21-24 mo)
2 3 years gross motor skills
2-3 Years: Gross Motor Skills
  • Catches a large ball (24-16 mo)
  • Rides a tricycle (24-30 mo)
  • Walks upstairs alone (24-25 mo)
  • Jumps 8-14 inches (24-30 mo)
  • Walks on a line (24-26 mo)
  • Walks down stairs alone (25-17 mo)
  • Hops on one foot (30-36 mo)
  • Jumps 2-8 inches high (30-36 mo)
  • Stands on one foot for 1-5 seconds (30-36 mo)
  • Catches 8 inch ball (35 mo)
  • Jumps 24-34 inches (35-36 mo)
  • Runs on toes (34-36 mo)
2 3 years fine motor skills
2-3 Years: Fine Motor Skills
  • Can imitate horizontal strokes when scribbling (24-30 mo)
  • Can roughly copy a cross (24-26 mo)
  • Folds paper in half (24-30 mo)
  • Can copy a circle (25-36 mo)
  • Builds 8 block tower (28-31 mo)
  • Roughly cuts line using scissors (28-35 mo)
  • Uses adult like grasp when coloring (36-48 mo)
  • Strings ½ inch beads (33 mo)
2 3 years social skills
2-3 Years: Social Skills
  • Able to distinguish self as a separate person (24-36 mo)
  • Can be clingy and dependent (24-30 mo)
  • Can be physically aggressive (24-30 mo)
  • Dramatizes using a doll (24-30)
  • Initiates play independently (24-30 mo)
  • Uses “mine” and values property (24-30 mo)
  • Can separate in familiar surroundings (30-36 mo)
  • Will obey and respect simple rules (30 mo)
  • Resists change and has difficulty with transitioning (30-36 mo)
  • Participates in interactive games (30 mo)
2 3 years self help skills
2-3 Years: Self Help Skills
  • Unbuttons large buttons (24-25 mo)
  • Brushes teeth with help (24 mo)
  • Undresses with help (24 mo)
  • Dresses with help (28-32 mo)
  • Uses a fork (30-36 mo)
  • Buttons large buttons (30-36 mo)
  • Assists with bathing self (30 mo)
  • Takes responsibility for toileting but needs help with wiping (31 mo)
  • Dresses with supervision and help with fastenings (32 mo)
2 3 years cognitive skills
2-3 Years: Cognitive Skills
  • Understands concept of one (24-30 mo)
  • Can demonstrate use of objects (24-28 mo)
  • Obeys a related 2-part command (18-24 mo)
  • Obeys a separate 2-part command (24-29 mo)
  • Matches circles, squares, and triangles (26-30 mo)
  • Matches identical simple pictures of objects (27-30 mo)
  • Matches primary colors (29-33 mo)
  • Sorts circles, squares, and triangles (30-36 mo)
  • Completes 3-4 piece puzzles (30-36 mo)
  • Understands the concept of 2 (30-36 mo)
  • Plays house (30-36 mo)
  • Sorts colors and points to colors when named (33 mo)
2 3 years language skills
2-3 Years: Language Skills
  • Produces more sounds (p, b, m, k, g, w, h, n, t, d)
  • Uses 3 word sentences (24-30 mo)
  • Uses past tense (24-30 mo)
  • Answers questions (24-26 mo)
  • Vocalizes all needs (30-31 mo)
  • Will give full name when asked (30-33 mo)
  • Uses expressive vocabulary of 7200 words
  • Asks “what,” “where,” and “when” questions (34 mo)
  • Uses intelligible words 80% of the time (35 mo)
3 4 years gross motor skills
3-4 Years: Gross Motor Skills
  • Stands on 1 foot for 5 seconds (41-46 mo)
  • Stands on tiptoes for 3 seconds (43-44 mo)
  • Runs 45 feet in 6 seconds (37-38 mo)
  • Jumps forward 26 inches (37-38 mo)
  • Walks on a line for 8 feet without stepping off (41-42 mo)
  • Walks up and down stairs, alternating steps (43-44 mo)
  • Jumps on 1 foot 6 inches forward (43-44 mo)
  • Can run and stop on command within 2 steps without falling (45-46 mo)
  • Throws a ball forward with arm overhead (39-40 mo)
  • Catches a ball with arms bent most of the time (41-42 mo)
3 4 years fine motor skills
3-4 Years: Fine Motor Skills
  • Cuts a 5 inch line within ½ inch of the line (41-42 mo)
  • Copies a cross with intersecting lines (41-42 mo)
  • Can drop 10 small pellets in a bottle within 30 seconds (41-42 mo)
  • Traces 5 x ¼ inch line without deviating more than 2 times (41-42 mo)
  • Copies a square (49-50 mo)
  • Begins to copy some capital letters
  • Draws a person with 2-4 body parts
3 4 years social skills
3-4 Years: Social Skills
  • Interested in new experiences
  • Cooperates with other children
  • Plays “mom” or “dad”
  • Increasingly inventive in fantasy play
  • Negotiates solutions to conflicts
  • More independent
3 4 years self help skills
3-4 Years: Self Help Skills
  • Finds front of clothing (42 mo)
  • Snaps or hooks front fastener (42 mo)
  • Unzips zipper (42 mo)
  • Buttons series of 3 or 4 buttons (42 mo)
  • Unbuckles shoe or belt (42 mo)
  • Buckles shoe or belt (46 mo)
  • Zips zipper (46 mo)
  • Puts on shoes with help tying laces (46 mo)
3 4 years cognitive skills
3-4 Years: Cognitive Skills
  • Correctly names some colors
  • Understands counting and may know a few numbers
  • Tries to solve problems from a single point of view
  • Begins to have some sense of time
  • Follows 3 step commands
  • Recalls parts of a story
  • Understands “same” and “different”
  • Engages in fantasy play
3 4 years language skills
3-4 Years: Language Skills
  • Has mastered some basic rules of grammar
  • Speaks in sentences of 5 to 6 words
  • Speaks clearly enough for strangers to understand
  • Tells stories
4 5 years gross motor skills
4-5 Years: Gross Motor Skills
  • Stands on one foot for 10 seconds or longer (59-60 mo)
  • Can complete 3 sit-ups in 30 seconds (59-60 mo)
  • Hops forward on one foot (47-48 mo)
  • Can walk backward on a line for 5 steps (51-52 mo)
  • Can roll forward (51-52 mo)
  • Gallops (51-52 mo)
  • Skips (57-58 mo)
4 5 years fine motor skills
4-5 Years: Fine Motor Skills
  • Grasps marker/pencil between thumb and pad of index finger with marker resting on middle finger (49-50 mo)
  • Cuts a circle (49-50 mo)
  • Can connect dots with a straight line (53-54 mo)
  • Cuts a square (53-54 mo)
  • Colors within lines (59-60 mo)
  • Draws a person with a body
  • Prints some letters
4 5 years social skills
4-5 Years: Social Skills
  • Wants to please friends
  • Wants to be like friends
  • More likely to agree to rules
  • Likes to sing, dance, and act
  • Shows more independence
4 5 years self help skills
4-5 Years: Self-Help Skills
  • Puts belt in loops
  • Ties and unties knots
  • Dresses unsupervised
  • Is independent in toileting
  • Uses fork, spoon, and sometimes a knife
4 5 years cognitive skills
4-5 Years: Cognitive Skills
  • Can count 10 or more objects
  • Correctly names at least 4 colors
  • Better understands the concept of time
  • Knows about things used everyday in the home
4 5 years language skills
4-5 Years: Language Skills
  • Recalls part of a story
  • Speaks sentences of more than 5 words
  • Uses future tense
  • Tells longer, more detailed stories
  • Says name and address
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Developmental Milestones are ages at which a majority of children will demonstrate and master sets of skills. Each child’s development is unique; however, most children follow this typical developmental pattern. If you are concerned about a child’s development, Progressive Step invites you to call us for a free developmental screening.

Call 468-7611 * Amarillo

274-9856 * Borger

796-1774 * Lubbock