The Cuban Missile Crisis. The United States and Latin America. 1823 Monroe Doctrine Monroe Doctrine – The US wishing to prevent any foreign power becoming involved in Latin America – after the collapse of the Spanish Empire. Soviet Global Policy.
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Soviet foreign policy changes with the death of Stalin & the Soviet Union becomes interested in the Third World – backing national liberation movements
Cuba perfect example - “We did not know what type of revolution had taken place”
3 possible options:
Much pressure on JFK from hawks after Bay of Pigs
11 voted for quarantine/6 for invasion
Idea came to Khrushchev while going for a walk in Bulgaria!
(4) Reduce military spending – more “bang
for your buck” on “rumble for your
(5) Tension with China
(6) Problems with the West – U2 & Vienna/Berlin
(7) Believe JFK weak
(8) Khrushchev’s character
(9) Cuban defence - another Bay of Pigs but 40,000 Soviet troops already on Cuba
Nye – 3 ideas
governments have own reasons
careful consideration of political
situation in own country